The History of the Highland Clearances

Describing the character of the Highlanders, as shown by their conduct in our
Highland regiments, and the impossibility of recruiting from them in future, if
harsh evictions are not stopped, the reverend gentlemen continued:— “Let me
give you ...

The History of the Highland Clearances

Reproduction of the original: The History of the Highland Clearances by Alexander Mackenzie

A History of the Highland Clearances

The raising of the numerous Highland Regiments was in every case entrusted to
one of the more powerful chiefs, and far more offers were made to raise
regiments than the government could accept.(16) The great champion of the
Highlanders ...

A History of the Highland Clearances

First published in 1982, A History of the Highland Clearances looks at the forcible clearance of tenants from land they had farmed for centuries by landlords in the Highlands of Scotland in the early nineteenth century. It examines the general context of historical change, provides a full narrative of the clearances and offers a critical evaluation of the documentary sources upon which the entire story depends. By placing his subject in its historical perspective and into the context of the rest of Britain and Europe, Eric Richards vividly illustrates the realities of the Highland experience in the age of the clearances.

Argyll 1730 1850

36 ' R . Alister ' , Extermination of the Scottish Peasantry , passim ; see also A .
Robertson , Where are the Highlanders ? : or Highland Regiments and Highland
Clearances , passim . 37 Alister , Extermination of the Scottish Peasantry , Letter
II ...

Argyll  1730 1850

It was dominated by the State's attempts to pacify and civilize the Highlands, which intensified after the Jacobean defeat at Culloden. Part of this process was the landed elite's efforts to promote economic growth by transforming the traditional agrarian system, and by encouraging new industries. The most dramatic aspect of this process was the rapid growth of sheep farming. This led to the wholesale evictions which earned notoriety as the Highland Clearances, and to mass emigration and migration from the Highlands. McGeachy's book analyses the impact of these changes in Argyll, the Highland county where the landed elite's commitment to promoting economic growth was most intense. There is little doubt that these changes were both devastating and traumatic for the common people. Robert McGeachy's perceptive study examines how these changes affected the Highlanders' culture and traditional way of life, and details the patterns of popular resistance which emerged to the agricultural improvements and to the Clearances. His book will be of interest both to students of Highland history wishing to understand more about the process of social and economic change, and to readers with a general interest in the history of the Highlands.

A History of the Scottish Highlands Highland Clans and Highland Regiments

57 Highlands only about a hundred years since, was commenced in the lowlands
and elsewhere centuries ago ; the Highlanders ... Indeed, until well on in the
present century, the Highlanders generally seem to have had no objections to
emigrate, but, on the ... M'Caskill ; Exterminations of the Scottish Peasantry, and
other works, by Mr Robertson of Dundonnachie ; Highland Clearances, by the

A History of the Scottish Highlands  Highland Clans and Highland Regiments

The Highland Clearances

In Highland regiments, however, crime was uncommon and punishment rare. 'To
the young Highlanders,' said Stewart, 'the dread of corporal punishment not only
checks their military propensity, and prevents their entering the army, but it ...

The Highland Clearances

In the terrible aftermath of the moorland battle of Culloden, the Highlanders suffered at the hands of their own clan chiefs. Following his magnificent reconstruction of Culloden, John Prebble recounts how the Highlanders were deserted and then betrayed into famine and poverty. While their chiefs grew rich on meat and wool, the people died of cholera and starvation or, evicted from the glens to make way for sheep, were forced to emigrate to foreign lands. ‘Mr Prebble tells a terrible story excellently. There is little need to search further to explain so much of the sadness and emptiness of the northern Highlands today’ The Times.

Echoes of Success Identity and the Highland Regiments

Majuba Disaster: a story of Highland heroism told by officers of the 92nd (John
Leng & Co: Dundee, 1891). ... The record of an historic regiment (Cassell & Co. ...
Mackenzie, A. The History of the Highland Clearances (Inverness, ... The
Historical Records of the 93rd The Sutherland Highlanders, now 2nd Batt,
Princess Louise's Argyll & Sutherlan Highlanders, from 1800 to 1890 (James
Maxwell & Son: ...

Echoes of Success  Identity and the Highland Regiments

In Echoes of Success, Ian Stuart Kelly describes how actual life experiences and public perception together shaped identity in the late Victorian Scottish Highland battalions.

White People Indians and Highlanders

Prebble, Highland Clearances,56; Alexander MacKenzie, History of the Highland
Clearances (1883; repr., Edinburgh: ... and Heather Streets, “Identity in the
Highland Regiments in the Nineteenth Century: Soldier, Region, Nation,” both in

White People  Indians  and Highlanders

A comparative approach to the American Indians and Scottish Highlanders, this book examines the experiences of clans and tribal societies, which underwent parallel experiences on the peripheries of Britain's empire in Britain, the United States, and Canada.

British Campaigns in the South Atlantic 1805 1807

Cavendish, Sutherland Highlanders, states the casualties as 116 killed, 359
wounded, and 72 missing (most of whom apparently died); this is seventy-five per
cent of the regiment's strength; R. H. Burgoyne, Historical Records of the 93rd
Sutherland Highlanders (London 1883), lists the killed ... The main clearances
are listed conveniently in J. Prebble, The Highland Clearances (London 1963)

British Campaigns in the South Atlantic  1805   1807

Between 1805 and 1807 the British mounted several expeditions into the South Atlantic aimed at weakening Napoleon's Spanish and Dutch allies. The targets were the Dutch colony on South Africa's Cape of Good Hope, which potentially threatened British shipping routes to India, and the Spanish colonies in the Rio de la Plata basin (now parts of Argentina and Uruguay). In 1805 an army of around 6,000 men was dispatched for the Cape under the highly-respected General David Baird. They were escorted and assisted by a naval squadron under Home Riggs Popham. The Cape surrendered in January 1806. Popham then persuaded Baird to lend him troops for an attack on Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires was taken in July but the paltry British force (around 2,400 men) was then besieged and forced to surrender in August. Popham was later court martialled for exceeding his orders.In Feb 1807 Montevideo was taken by a new (officially sanctioned) British force of 6,000 men. Whitelocke, the British Commander then attempted to retake Buenos Aires (not least to free British prisoners from the first attempt) but was defeated by unexpectedly fierce resistance stiffened by armed creoles and slaves. After heavy losses he signed an armistice, surrendering Montevideo and withdrawing all his forces. He too was court-martialled. One of the major themes of this new account is the strong Scottish connection Baird and Popham were both Scots, and the 71st Highlanders made up the main force in the Cape and Popham's adventure. Another is the unlooked for consequences of these actions. The arrival of Scottish Calvinist ministers in the Cape influenced the eventual development of apartheid, while successful resistance to the British, with little help from Spain, shaped and accelerated the independence movement in South America.