Visual Explanations

Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative

Visual Explanations

Display of information for paper and computer screens; principles of information design, design of presentations. Depicting evidence relevant to cause and effect, decision making. Scientific visualization.

Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

Theoretical and Cognitive Issues

Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

This book contains contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR ́012), held on June 21-23 in Sestri Levante, Italy. Interdisciplinary researchers discuss in this volume how scientific cognition and other kinds of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some of the contributions analyzed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology and stressed the issues of scientific and technological innovation. The book is divided in three main parts: models, mental models, representations; abduction, problem solving and practical reasoning; historical, epistemological and technological issues. The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international

The Impact of Pen and Touch Technology on Education

The Impact of Pen and Touch Technology on Education

This book presents perspectives for and by teachers, school and university administrators and educational researchers regarding the great impact pen and tablet technology can have on classrooms and education. presents three distinctly valuable threads of research: Emerging technologies and cutting-edge software invented by researchers and evaluated through real classroom deployments. First-hand perspectives of instructors and administrators who actively implement pen or tablet technologies in their classrooms. Up-and-coming systems that provide insight into the future of pen, touch, and sketch recognition technologies in the classrooms and the curriculums of tomorrow. The Impact of Pen and Touch Technology on Education is an essential read for educators who wish get to grips with ink-based computing and bring their teaching methods into the twenty-first century, as well as for researchers in the areas of education, human-computer interaction and intelligent systems for pedagogical advancement.

Explainable and Interpretable Models in Computer Vision and Machine Learning

Explainable and Interpretable Models in Computer Vision and Machine Learning

This book compiles leading research on the development of explainable and interpretable machine learning methods in the context of computer vision and machine learning. Research progress in computer vision and pattern recognition has led to a variety of modeling techniques with almost human-like performance. Although these models have obtained astounding results, they are limited in their explainability and interpretability: what is the rationale behind the decision made? what in the model structure explains its functioning? Hence, while good performance is a critical required characteristic for learning machines, explainability and interpretability capabilities are needed to take learning machines to the next step to include them in decision support systems involving human supervision. This book, written by leading international researchers, addresses key topics of explainability and interpretability, including the following: · Evaluation and Generalization in Interpretable Machine Learning · Explanation Methods in Deep Learning · Learning Functional Causal Models with Generative Neural Networks · Learning Interpreatable Rules for Multi-Label Classification · Structuring Neural Networks for More Explainable Predictions · Generating Post Hoc Rationales of Deep Visual Classification Decisions · Ensembling Visual Explanations · Explainable Deep Driving by Visualizing Causal Attention · Interdisciplinary Perspective on Algorithmic Job Candidate Search · Multimodal Personality Trait Analysis for Explainable Modeling of Job Interview Decisions · Inherent Explainability Pattern Theory-based Video Event Interpretations

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference

5th International Conference, Diagrams 2008, Herrsching, Germany, September 19-21, 2008, Proceedings

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference

Diagrams is an international and interdisciplinary conference series, covering all aspects of research on the theory and application of diagrams. Recent technological advances have enabled the large-scale adoption of d- grams in a diverse range of areas. Increasingly sophisticated visual represen- tions are emerging and, to enable e?ective communication, insight is required into how diagrams are used and when they are appropriate for use. The per- sive, everyday use of diagrams for communicating information and ideas serves to illustrate the importance of providing a sound understanding of the role that diagrams can, and do, play. Research in the ?eld of diagrams aims to improve our understanding of the role of diagrams, sketches and other visualizations in communication, computation, cognition, creative thought, and problem solving. These concerns have triggered a surge of interest in the study of diagrams. The study of diagrammatic communication as a whole must be pursued as an interdisciplinary endeavour.Diagrams 2008 was the ?fth event in this conf- ence series, which was launched in Edinburghduring September 2000.Diagrams attracts a large number of researchers from virtually all related ?elds, placing the conference as a major international event in the area. Diagrams is the only conference that provides a united forum for all areas that are concerned with the study of diagrams: for example, architecture, - ti?cial intelligence, cartography, cognitive science, computer science, education, graphicdesign,historyofscience,human-computerinteraction,linguistics,logic, mathematics,philosophy,psychology,andsoftwaremodelling.Weseeissuesfrom all of these ?elds discussed in the papers collected in the present volume.

Shape Understanding System

Machine Understanding and Human Understanding

Shape Understanding System

This is the third book presenting selected results of research on the further development of the shape understanding system (SUS) carried out by authors in the newly founded Queen Jadwiga Research Institute of Understanding. In this book the new term Machine Understanding is introduced referring to a new area of research aiming to investigate the possibility of building machines with the ability to understand. It is presented that SUS needs to some extent mimic human understanding and for this reason machines are evaluated according to the rules applied for the evaluation of human understanding. The book shows how to formulate problems and how it can be tested if the machine is able to solve these problems.

A Guide to Forensic Testimony

The Art and Practice of Presenting Testimony as an Expert Technical Witness

A Guide to Forensic Testimony

A technical expert and a lawyer provide practical approaches for IT professionals who need to get up to speed on the role of an expert witness and how testimony works. Includes actual transcripts and case studies.

A Strategic Guide to Technical Communication - Second Edition (Canadian)

A Strategic Guide to Technical Communication - Second Edition (Canadian)

A Strategic Guide to Technical Communication incorporates useful and specific strategies for writers to create aesthetically appealing and usable technical documentation. These strategies have been developed and tested on a thousand students from a number of different disciplines over twelve years and three institutions. The second edition adds a chapter on business communication, reworks the discussion on technical style, and expands the information on visual communication and ethics into free-standing chapters. Particular attention is paid throughout to the needs of Canadian students.

A Strategic Guide to Technical Communication - Second Edition (US)

A Strategic Guide to Technical Communication - Second Edition (US)

A Strategic Guide to Technical Communication incorporates useful and specific strategies for writers, to enable them to create aesthetically appealing and usable technical documentation. These strategies have been developed and tested on a thousand students from a number of different disciplines over twelve years and three institutions. The second edition adds a chapter on business communication, reworks the discussion on technical style, and expands the information on visual communication and ethics into free-standing chapters. The text is accompanied by a passcode-protected website containing materials for instructors (PowerPoint lectures, lesson plans, sample student work, and helpful links).