the zimmermann telegram

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The Zimmermann Telegram

Author : Thomas Boghardt
ISBN : 9781612511474
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 72 MB
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By the winter of 1916/17, World War I had reached a deadlock. While the Allies commanded greater resources and fielded more soldiers than the Central Powers, German armies had penetrated deep into Russia and France, and tenaciously held on to their conquered empire. Hoping to break the stalemate on the western front, the exhausted Allies sought to bring the neutral United States into the conflict. A golden opportunity to force American intervention seemed at hand when British naval intelligence intercepted a secret telegram detailing a German alliance offer to Mexico. In it, Berlin’s foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, offered his country’s support to Mexico for re-conquering “the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona” in exchange for a Mexican attack on the United States, should the latter enter the war on the side of the Allies. The British handed a copy of the Telegram to the American government, which in turn leaked it to the press. On March 1, 1917, the Telegram made headline news across the United States, and five weeks later, America entered World War I. Based on an examination of virtually all available German, British, and U.S. government records, this book presents the definitive account of the Telegram and questions many traditional views on the origins, cryptanalysis, and impact of the German alliance scheme. While the Telegram has often been described as the final step in a carefully planned German strategy to gain a foothold in the western hemisphere, this book argues that the scheme was a spontaneous initiative by a minor German foreign office official, which gained traction only because of a lack of supervision and coordination at the top echelon of the German government. On the other hand, the book argues, American and British secret services had collaborated closely since 1915 to bring the United States into the war, and the Telegram’s interception and disclosure represented the crowning achievement of this clandestine Anglo-American intelligence alliance. Moreover, the book explicitly challenges the widely accepted notion that the Telegram’s publication in the U.S. press rallied Americans for war. Instead, it contends that the Telegram divided the public by poisoning the debate over intervention, and by failing to offer peace-minded Americans a convincing rationale for supporting the war. The book also examines the Telegram’s effect on the memory of World War I through the twentieth century and beyond.

The Zimmermann Telegram

Author : Barbara Tuchman
ISBN : 9780241968277
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 96 MB
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Barbara Tuchman's The Zimmerman Telegram is one of the greatest spy stories of all time. Nothing can stop an enemy from picking wireless messages out of the free air - and nothing did. In England, Room 40 was born . . . In January 1917, with the First World War locked in terrible stalemate and America still neutral, German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmerman gambled the future of the conflict on a single telegram. But this message was intercepted and decoded in Whitehall's legendary Room 40 - and Zimmerman's audacious scheme for world domination was exposed, bringing America into the war and changing the course of history. The story of how this happened and the incalculable consequences are thrillingly told in Barbara Tuchman's brilliant exploration. 'A most exciting book, full of vivid pen portraits and curious episodes' Sunday Times 'As thrilling as a John Buchan novel' The Times Literary Supplement 'Its 200 pages are worth more than all the thrillers and whodunits of the fiction writers put together'Herald 'A fine exciting book told with intense drama. A thriller of real life' Observer 'Brilliant. Told with great literary and dramatic talent' New York Times Book Review Barbara Tuchman achieved prominence as a historian with The Zimmerman Telegram and international fame with the Pulitzer-Prize winning The Guns of August. She is also the author of The Proud Tower, Stilwell and the American Experience in China (also awarded the Pulitzer Prize), A Distant Mirror and The March of Folly. She died in 1989. The Guns of August and The Proud Tower are published by Penguin.

The Zimmermann Telegram

Author : Barbara Wertheim Tuchman
ISBN : 0345342402
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 72 MB
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The Zimmermann Telegram Of January 16 1917 And Its Cryptographic Background

Author : William Frederick Friedman
ISBN : NWU:35556015853724
Genre : World War, 1914-1918
File Size : 49. 59 MB
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Conspiracy Theories In American History

Author : Peter Knight
ISBN : 9781576078129
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 34 MB
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A reference guide to conspiracy theory presents over 300 entries describing events and theories, analyzing the historical, intellectual, and political context of each, and offering evidence to support or refute each one.

The Zimmermann Telegram

Author : Barbara Wertheim Tuchman
ISBN : UCSC:32106000272838
Genre : World War, 1914-1918
File Size : 34. 10 MB
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The story of how, in January of 1917, the British intercepted and deciphered a message from Berlin which they knew would bring America to the aid of the Allies. It involves a tale of espionage, secret diplomacy, international politics and personal drama probably unparalleled in history.

The Zimmermann Telegram

Author : Barbara Wertheim Tuchman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105005295980
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 21 MB
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The story of the German plan to bribe Mexico to attack the United States during World War I and its results.

Under The Wire

Author : David Paull NICKLES
ISBN : 9780674041554
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 21 MB
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How did the telegraph, a new and revolutionary form of communication, affect diplomats, who tended to resist change? In a study based on impressive multinational research, David Paull Nickles examines the critical impact of the telegraph on the diplomacy of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Case studies in crisis diplomacy--the War of 1812, the Trent affair during the U.S. Civil War, and the famous 1917 Zimmermann telegram--introduce wide-ranging thematic discussions on the autonomy of diplomats; the effects of increased speed on decision making and public opinion; the neglected role of clerks in diplomacy; and the issues of expense, garbled text, espionage, and technophobia that initially made foreign ministries wary of telegraphy. Ultimately, the introduction of the telegraph contributed to the centralization of foreign ministries and the rising importance of signals intelligence. The faster pace of diplomatic disputes invited more emotional decisions by statesmen, while public opinion often exercised a belligerent influence on crises developing over a shorter time period. Under the Wire offers a fascinating new perspective on the culture of diplomacy and the social history of technology. Table of Contents: Introduction I. Control 1. The Anglo-American Crisis of 1812 2. Diplomatic Autonomy and Telecommunications II. Speed 3. The Trent Affair 4. Speed and Diplomacy 5. Diplomatic Time III. The Medium 6. The Zimmermann Telegram 7. Technical and Economic Factors Conclusion Abbreviations Notes Acknowledgments Index Reviews of this book: David Paull Nickles has plumbed the archives of four countries to determine just how transformative [the invention of the telegraph] really was. Under the Wire is a subtle and impressive examination of history. --Christian D. Brose, Wall Street Journal In this study of the impact of telegraphy on the management of international relations, the reader is rewarded time and again by finding original observations regarding familiar events. This is a book that can have a shaping effect not only on the field of international relations but on many others, since it compels one to think hard about how changes in technology affect behavior and thought among groups with deeply rooted traditions and beliefs. --Ernest R. May, Harvard University

East And West Of Zagros

Author : C. Cecil John Edmonds
ISBN : 9789004173446
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 38 MB
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A Consular Officer in Bushire, serving in Mesopotamia and Luristan during First World War, Edmonds was sent to Qazvin after the war. He witnessed the Jangal upheaval and the 1921 coup d Etat. The encounter with Persia of a well-trained and brilliant British agent.

The Laredo Incident And The Zimmermann Telegram

Author : Jon Stephen Larson
ISBN : OCLC:13741069
Genre :
File Size : 50. 78 MB
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