the unfinished transition to democracy in latin america latin american studies social sciences and law

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The Unfinished Transition To Democracy In Latin America

Author : Juan Carlos Calleros-Alarcón
ISBN : 9781135907228
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 61 MB
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This book examines the political evolution of the judiciary – a usually overlooked political actor – and its capacity to contribute to the process of democratic consolidation in Latin America during the 1990s. Calleros analyzes twelve countries in order to assess the independence, impartiality, political strength and efficiency of the judicial branch. The picture that emerges – with the one exception of Costa Rica – is the persistence of weak judicial systems, unable in practice to check other branches of government, including the executive and the military, while not quite effective in fully protecting human rights or in implementing due process of law guarantees. Aggravating issues, such as corruption, heavy case backlogs, overcrowding of prisons, circumvention of laws and personal vulnerability of judges, make the judiciary the least evolved of the three branches of government in the Latin American transitions to democracy.

The Politics Of Central American Integration

Author : Rafael A. Sánchez Sánchez
ISBN : 9781135843458
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88. 75 MB
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Since its inception in the 1960s to the regional negotiations in the 1990s and onwards, Central American integration has been a process characterized by both dramatic advances and setbacks. This book provides a theoretical explanation of this ebb and flow, examining different stages including the military conflicts of the 1980s, the subsequent Esquipulas peace process, and the relaunch of integration during the 1990s under the System of Central American Integration (SICA). Sánchez Sánchez's analysis focuses on the policies and preferences of the larger states of the region, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala, and argues that integration relies on intergovernmental bargaining. Interviews, historical and comparative data are presented in a format invaluable for students and teachers concerned with comparative regional integration, as well as for those seeking a greater understanding of contemporary Central American regional and international politics and development.

Fixing Democracy

Author : Javier Corrales
ISBN : 9780190868925
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 54 MB
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The study of institutions, a core concept in comparative politics, has produced many rich and influential theories on the economic and political effects of institutions, yet it has been less successful at theorizing their origins. In Fixing Democracy, Javier Corrales develops a theory of institutional origins that concentrates on constitutions and levels of power within them. He reviews numerous Latin American constituent assemblies and constitutional amendments to explore why some democracies expand rather than restrict presidential powers and why this heightened presidentialism discourages democracy. His signal theoretical contribution is his elaboration on power asymmetries. Corrales determines that conditions of reduced power asymmetry make constituent assemblies more likely to curtail presidential powers, while weaker opposition and heightened power asymmetry is an indicator that presidential powers will expand. The bargain-based theory that he uses focuses on power distribution and provides a more accurate variable in predicting actual constitutional outcomes than other approaches based on functionalism or ideology. While the empirical focus is Latin America, Fixing Democracy contributes a broadly applicable theory to the scholarship both institutions and democracy.

Informal Coalitions And Policymaking In Latin America

Author : Andrés Mejía Acosta
ISBN : 9781135849337
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 99 MB
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This book explains how presidents achieve market-oriented reforms in a contentious political environment. Using an impressive amount of quantitative and qualitative empirical evidence, most of which is reported for the first time, Mejía Acosta argues that presidents in Ecuador adopted significant reforms by crafting informal yet functional coalitions with opposition parties in congress. This pattern of success is particularly relevant in a country known for its chronic political fragmentation and deep regional and ethnic divisions. Paradoxically, the adoption of constitutional reforms to promote governance undermined the success of informal coalitions and directly contributed to greater regime instability after 1996. Mejía Acosta's work offers a compelling analysis of how formal and informal political institutions contribute to policy change. His far-reaching conclusions will capture the attention of political scientists and scholars of Latin America.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105121673268
Genre : Humanities
File Size : 62. 37 MB
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Engendering Transitions

Author : Georgina Waylen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123267101
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77. 14 MB
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Using empirical material from eight case studies in East Central Europe and Latin America, as well as South Africa, this book explores the gendered constraints and opportunities provided by processes of democratisation.

The Hispanic American Historical Review

Author : James Alexander Robertson
ISBN : UTEXAS:059172145755420
Genre : Electronic journals
File Size : 75. 13 MB
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Includes "Bibliographical section".

Social Sciences Index

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B5121552
Genre :
File Size : 82. 89 MB
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Subject Guide To Books In Print

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105025888533
Genre : American literature
File Size : 60. 49 MB
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Resources In Education Index 1991

Author : Oryx Press Staff
ISBN : 0897746856
Genre :
File Size : 72. 26 MB
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