This easy-to-read and pragmatic book offers a systematic treatment of solid and hazardous waste management technology. Encouraging self-learning, with a focus on current technical and scientific fundamentals, it covers all the basic concepts and tools needed for making decisions. Chapter topics include environmental legislation and regulations; sources; composition and characteristics; physical, chemical, and biological properties; storage, collection and transportation; processing technologies; source reduction and reuse; disposal; and management and control of landfill leachate and gas. For civil engineers and scientists facing a first time involvement in any aspect of solid and hazardous waste management, this book will be a valuable reference.
Release on 2016-10-27 | by M.N. Rao,Razia Sultana,Sri Harsha Kota
Science and Engineering
Author: M.N. Rao,Razia Sultana,Sri Harsha Kota
Category: Technology & Engineering
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management: Science and Engineering presents the latest on the rapid increase in volume and types of solid and hazardous wastes that have resulted from economic growth, urbanization, and industrialization and how they have challenged national and local governments to ensure effective and sustainable management of these waste products. The book offers universal coverage of the technologies used for the management and disposal of waste products, such as plastic waste, bio-medical wastes, hazardous wastes, and e-wastes. Covers both traditional and new technologies for Identifying and categorizing the source and nature of the waste Provides methods for the safe disposal of municipal solid wastes, plastic waste, bio-medical wastes, hazardous wastes, and e-wastes Presents technologies that can be used for transportation and processing (including resource recovery) of the waste Discusses reclamation, reuse, and recovery of energy from MSW
This book presents reviews, examples and case studies of innovative applications in solid and hazardous waste management. The economics of waste management have since become a significant research area in their own right, and two chapters address these issues. In addition, dedicated chapters cover specific categories of waste such as biomedical and institutional waste, plastics and e-waste. The book subsequently discusses newer analytical methods like SEM, EDX, XRD and optical microscopy, along with selected “older” methods for sampling and characterizing different types of waste. The various applications of mathematical tools like linear optimization, various software/models like WISCLeach, and DRASTIC, and tools like remote sensing and GIS are illustrated in many of the chapters. Lastly, since composting is one of the most popular treatment methods for managing the organic component of municipal solid waste, the book provides an overview of composting and the fundamentals of microbiology that are essential to understanding waste-related biological processes. The book was primarily written for students and practitioners in the field who are already familiar with the basics. All chapters were prepared by practicing experts and scholars in the field, and are intended to help readers better understand and apply these principles and practices in their own endeavours. Key topics covered in the book: • The circular economy and the economics of solid waste management • Various remote sensing and GIS applications for managing municipal solid waste, coal fires in mines, changes in land use and land cover in industrial areas, etc. • Treatment and management of different types of solid waste: institutional (including biomedical), residential, e-waste, plastic, and ash from thermal power plants • Sampling and characterization of municipal waste and compost • Fundamentals of microbiology • Overview of environmental regulations, especially those pertaining to solid and hazardous waste management
Release on 2020-02-08 | by Debashish Sengupta,Brajesh K. Dubey,Sudha Goel
Author: Debashish Sengupta,Brajesh K. Dubey,Sudha Goel
Interest in solid and hazardous waste management is relatively recent, i.e., in the last three decades, and is driven by regulations in most countries. It began with industrial hazardous waste followed by municipal solid waste, and subsequently by many other categories of waste. This book presents numerous examples and case studies of innovative tools, treatment methods and applications in this growing area of research and development. It describes in detail laboratory methods of measuring the biodegradation of specific organic fractions, like floral waste, and also discusses the treatment of yard and food waste by anaerobic digestion and landfill leachate using constructed wetlands. Case studies are provided that show how remote sensing (RS) and GIS were used to develop an integrated solid waste management plan for a city and to evaluate the environmental impacts of stone quarrying activities. The book also features chapters discussing the implications of natural radioactivity in beach placers and their impact on groundwater and other parts of the environment, as well as the twelve principles of green chemistry and their application in the reuse and recycling of solid waste. Moreover, it includes examples of waste to energy, like refuse derived fuel and biofuel generation and an evaluation of their potential, and covers topics such as life cycle assessment as a tool for developing integrated solid waste management systems and an overview of municipal solid waste management rules, illustrating the importance of technological inputs in the development of regulatory frameworks. Written by leading practitioners and scholars in the field, the book enables readers to understand and apply these principles and practices in their endeavours.
Economic development of any nation is possible only if the environmental protection laws are followed seriously. Wastes, if not treated effectively, may harm public health leading to the deterioration of ecosystem and ultimately to the growth and economy of the nation. The coverage of both solid waste as well as liquid waste management in a single volume makes this book unique. It discusses various economical methods to manage wastes providing a practical approach to the book. It gives the knowledge of important techniques for converting wastes into the products useful for the mankind and also informs readers about the Indian legal framework relating to the solid and liquid waste management. The technologies explained in the book are field-tested and have been practically implemented either in India or the United States. Hence, these techniques are highly viable for communities and industries to improve their waste management practices. Blending theory and practices of waste management, the authors provide extensive case studies from their on-job experiences to exemplify how solid and liquid wastes can be managed successfully. The chapter on 'municipal waste management' exclusively covers the technologies applied to convert construction and demolition wastes and organic wastes into useful products. With the increase in electronic wastes, a chapter on 'electronic waste management' has found place in the book. Besides, the text covers management of plastic wastes, biomedical wastes, radioactive wastes, hazardous wastes, and also operations and maintenance of the treatment facilities. The chapter on 'liquid waste management' is focused on municipal wastewater and common effluent treatment plant for industrial wastewater. The review questions at the end of each chapter help students to assess their knowledge and develop self-efficacy in the subject. Whereas, the appendices provide performance evaluation of solid waste management systems and sewage treatment plants, numerical problems for practice, and glossary of important terms. The book primarily caters to the needs of undergraduate and postgraduate courses on Environmental Science and Engineering; Energy and Environmental Engineering; Environmental Engineering and Management; Municipal Solid Waste Management. Besides, it provides practical information to environmental professionals and to the students of Industrial Management, Civil Engineering and Biotechnology.
Release on 2017-01-07 | by Debashish Sengupta,Sudha Agrahari
Author: Debashish Sengupta,Sudha Agrahari
This book explores state-of-art techniques based on methodological and modeling aspects of solid and hazardous waste management, specifically focusing on the recent trends in data acquisition and robust modeling of the results obtained. In addition to an in-depth description of the recent regulatory paradigm for solid waste disposal and revealing insights into solid waste management models, the book also addresses significant case history and remediation methodologies for sustainable development in emerging economies like India, China and Brazil. The main emphasis is on a suitable regulatory framework with site-specific baseline calibration and aimed at the robust modeling of contaminant transport and its remediation. This is based on instructive case history in various locations/regions worldwide. The focus on recent modeling and quantification methods is the backbone of the book. One of the major aspects discussed is the application of non-invasive methods for studies related to the Earth's interior, which are increasingly preferred over invasive techniques thanks to their economic utility, as well as robust techniques for the interpretation of geophysical data. The increasing demand for groundwater and energy resources, especially for rapidly emerging countries with large populations like India and China, has made it vital to derive safe utilization approaches for our resources, including suitable waste disposal and remediation methodologies that can be adopted for 'contaminated sites.'