A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian

A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian

This Italian reference grammar provides students, teachers and others interested in the Italian language with a comprehensive, accessible and jargon-free guide to the forms and structure of Italian. Whatever their level of knowledge of the language, learners of Italian will find this book indispensable: it gives clear and detailed explanations of everything from the most elementary facts such as the relation between spelling and pronunciation, or the forms of the article, to more advanced points such as the various nuances of the subjunctive. Formal or archaic discourse is distinguished from informal, everyday usage, and regionalisms are also indicated where appropriate. The authors have taken care to make it an easy and illuminating reference tool: extensive cross-referencing enables readers to quickly find the information they require, and also stimulates them to discover new, related facts.

Commands

A Cross-Linguistic Typology

Commands

This book focuses on the form and the function of commands-directive speech acts such as pleas, entreaties, and orders-from a typological perspective. A team of internationally-renowned experts in the field examine the interrelationship of these speech acts with cultural stereotypes and practices, as well as their origins and development, especially in the light of language contact. The volume begins with an introduction outlining the marking and the meaning of imperatives and other ways of expressing commands and directives. Each of the chapters that follow then offers an in-depth analysis of commands in a particular language. These analyses are cast in terms of 'basic linguistic theory'-a cumulative typological functional framework-and the chapters are arranged and structured in a way that allows useful comparison between them. The languages investigated include Quechua, Japanese, Lao, Aguaruna and Ashaninka Satipo (both from Peru), Dyirbal (from Australia), Zenzontepec Chatino (from Mexico), Nungon, Tayatuk, and Karawari (from Papua New Guinea), Korowai (from West Papua), Wolaitta (from Ethiopia), and Northern Paiute (a native language of the United States).

The World's Major Languages

The World's Major Languages

This volume features over 50 of the world's languages and language families. The featured languages have been chosen based on the number of speakers, their role as official languages and their cultural and historical importance. Each language is looked at in depth, and the chapters provide information on both grammatical features and on salient features of the language's history and cultural role. This second edition has been updated and revised. Two new languages, Amharic and Javanese, have been included. This accessible volume will appeal to anyone with an interest in linguistics. Key features: Attention is paid to both grammatical and sociolinguistic features Attention is concentrated on the world's major languages Designed to be accessible to all readers with an interest in language.

Prepositional Clauses in Spanish

A Diachronic and Comparative Syntactic Study

Prepositional Clauses in Spanish

This book presents an analysis of Spanish prepositional clauses () - complement and adverbial clauses. The goal is to examine the syntax and evolution of those clauses and their components in Spanish, contrasting them with other European languages. Prepositional argument and adjunct clauses are grammatical in present-day Spanish. However, Medieval Spanish only attests the latter; the former were not frequent until the 16th/17th centuries. Both types are examined in their syntactic evolution and properties, including clausal nominality, argumenthood, nature of prepositions, and optionality. Latin and Portuguese, French, and Italian - both in their present-day and past forms - are studied and compared to Spanish. Likewise, several Germanic languages are surveyed. These languages show variable grammatical degrees of . The comparison reveals aspects which challenge the commonly accepted conclusions about the clausal patterns of each language. This study offers a novel approach to the analysis of Spanish prepositional clauses by looking at its properties and formation not only from within but also in contrast with other languages. It argues for cross-linguistically valid categories and explanations in order to comprehend the properties of human language.

The Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning Italian, 3rd Edition

The Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning Italian, 3rd Edition

Learn the language of la dolce vita! For anyone who wants to learn and enjoy the most expressive and romantic of languages, the third edition of 'The Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning Italian' is the first choice for a whole new generation of enthusiastic students of Italian. This updated edition includes two new quick references on verbs, grammar, and sentence structure; two new appendixes on Italian synonyms and popular idiomatic phrases; and updated business and money sections. First two editions have sold extraordinariy well. Italian is the fourth most popular language in the United States.

Italian Verbs & Essentials of Grammar, 2E.

Italian Verbs & Essentials of Grammar, 2E.

Your one-stop guide to mastering the basics of Italian Can one book have all you need to communicate confidently in a new language? Yes, and that book is Italian Verbs & Essentials of Grammar. It offers a solid foundation of major verbal and grammatical concepts of the language, from pronouns to idioms and expressions and from irregular verbs to expressions of time. Each unit is devoted to one topic, so you can find what you need right away and get focused instruction immediately. Concise yet thorough, the explanations are supported by numerous examples to help you master the different concepts. And for those tricky verbs, Italian Verbs & Essentials of Grammar includes a Verb Index of the most common verbs, cross-referenced with the abundant verb tables appearing throughout the book. This book will give you: An excellent introduction to the basics of Italian if you are a beginner or a quick, thorough reference if you already have experience in the language Contemporary usage of verbs, adjectives, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and other grammar essentials Examples that reflect contemporary usage and real-life situations

The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice

The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice

Review + Practice = Confident Communication in Italian! Focused on the needs of advanced beginners to advanced students, The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice will transform the way you look at Italian grammar--from a set of easily forgotten rules to stepping stones toward accurate and confident communication. Combining concise review with extensive practice, this book provides the ultimate way to polish your Italian-language skills. The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice offers: Clear, concise explanations of all the grammar topics, illustrated with examples from everyday life More than 350 exercises with an answer key to help you master Italian grammar and vocabulary Vocabulary boxes providing the terms and expressions that will increase your ability to express yourself Cultural notes enhancing the effectiveness of the grammar exercises while acquainting learners with contemporary Italy Expand your knowledge of grammar parts such as: The present tense of irregular verbs * Passato prossimo * Gerunds * Gender of nouns * The pronoun ne * Possessive adjectives * Prefixes * Cardinal numbers * Imperatives * and much more

The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice, Premium Second Edition

The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice, Premium Second Edition

Gain the essential grammar skills needed to communicate more confidently in Italian! Developing a good grasp of grammar is key to mastering a foreign language. This popular guide provides comprehensive coverage of all the elements of Italian grammar. Each grammatical concept is clarified and then illustrated with lively example sentences. More than 350 exercises provide you with plenty of practice to apply this knowledge in everyday conversation. The exercises are contextualized with scene-setting instructions in Italian to ensure relevance to practice conversational and writing requirements. With this edition, you’ll also have access to the unique McGraw-Hill Education Language Lab app featuring extensive audio recordings and interactive quizzes. The app makes it easy to study on-the-go, test your comprehension, and hone your new language skills. The Ultimate Italian Review and Practice features: •Clear, concise explanations of all the grammar topics, illustrated with examples from everyday life•More than 350 engaging exercises with an answer key to help you master Italian grammar and vocabulary•Vocabulary boxes providing the terms and expressions that will increase your ability to express yourself•Cultural notes that enhance the effectiveness of the grammar exercises while acquainting you with contemporary Italy •Extensive audio exercises and quizzes available via the McGraw-Hill Education Language Lab app

ERIC Educational Documents Index

ERIC Educational Documents Index

"A subject-author-institution index which provides titles and accession numbers to the document and report literature that was announced in the monthly issues of Resources in education" (earlier called Research in education).