Photon Management in Solar Cells

Photon Management in Solar Cells

Written by renowned experts in the field of photon management in solar cells, this one-stop reference gives an introduction to the physics of light management in solar cells, and discusses the different concepts and methods of applying photon management. The authors cover the physics, principles, concepts, technologies, and methods used, explaining how to increase the efficiency of solar cells by splitting or modifying the solar spectrum before they absorb the sunlight. In so doing, they present novel concepts and materials allowing for the cheaper, more flexible manufacture of solar cells and systems. For educational purposes, the authors have split the reasons for photon management into spatial and spectral light management. Bridging the gap between the photonics and the photovoltaics communities, this is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, physicists in industry, experimental physicists, lecturers in physics, Ph.D. students in physics and material sciences, engineers in power technology, applied and surface physicists.

Printable Solar Cells

Printable Solar Cells

This book provides an overall view of the new and highly promising materials and thin film deposition techniques for printable solar cell applications. The book is organized in four parts. Organic and inorganic hybrid materials and solar cell manufacturing techniques are covered in Part I. Part II is devoted to organic materials and processing technologies like spray coating. This part also demonstrates the key features of the interface engineering for the printable organic solar cells. The main focus of the Part III is the perovskite solar cells, which is a new and promising family of the photovoltaic applications. Finally, inorganic materials and solution based thin film formation methods using these materials for printable solar cell application is discussed in Part IV.

Current Progress in the Understanding of Secondary Brain Damage from Trauma and Ischemia

Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium: Mechanisms of Secondary Brain Damage-Novel Developments, Mauls/Sterzing, Italy, February 1998

Current Progress in the Understanding of Secondary Brain Damage from Trauma and Ischemia

Information is provided from the basic and clinical sciences on the mechanisms damaging the brain from trauma or ischemia. New aspects involve the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondrial failure, pathobiology of axonal injury, molecular signals activating glial elements, or the emerging therapeutical role of neurotrophins. Experimental issues involve a better analysis of the ischemic penumbra, the salvagable tissue. Therapeutic contributions reach from the environmental influence to gene expression, including neuroprotection, such as hibernation – mother nature’s experiment – or hypothermia which is reported to induce cell swelling. Treatment issues deal also with thrombolysis and combination therapies, or with the clearance of adverse blood components – LDL/fibrinogen – by a novel procedure using heparin. Other highlights are discussing the specificities of pediatric vs. adult brain trauma, or the evolving role of the Apolipoprotein-E e4 gene in severe head injury. An update is also provided on an online assessment of the patient management during the pre- and early hospital phase in Southern Bavaria. The empirical observation of neuroworsening is analyzed in further details, whether this is a specificity autonomously driving the posttraumatic course. Finally, the unsolved question why drug trials in severe head injury have failed so far in view of the promising evidence from the laboratory is subjected to an expert analysis.

Progress in Oncology 2003

Progress in Oncology 2003

The third volume in this outstanding series of annual updates in oncology, Progress in Oncology 2003 addresses nineteen of the most important “hot topics” in the field. Under the careful direction of Drs. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg, each annual volume in this exciting series presents concise summaries of the state of the art in cancer basic science and clinical application, written by 34 of the top researchers and clinicians in the world. As with all the volumes in the series, PIO 2003 covers critical issues in clinical cancer care and research in a scholarly though readable style. Chapters on advances in treatment and diagnosis, including radioimmunotherapy, molecular markers, radiolabeled octreotide, and microarray analysis review the state of the art in these emerging fields. Top experts provide timely overviews of mammographic screening recommendations and current therapy for pancreatic tumors. In special section, world-class authorities debate the use of Alpha Interferon in melanoma treatment. These and other rigorously referenced chapters make PIO 2003 an indispensable new oncology resource.

Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines

Current and Future Trends

Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines

Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines: Current and Future Trends addresses current and future trends in the application and commercialization of nanosilicon. The book presents current, innovative and prospective applications and products based on nanosilicon and their binary system in the fields of energy harvesting and storage, lighting (solar cells and nano-capacitor and fuel cell devices and nanoLEDs), electronics (nanotransistors and nanomemory, quantum computing, photodetectors for space applications; biomedicine (substance detection, plasmonic treatment of disease, skin and hair care, implantable glucose sensor, capsules for drug delivery and underground water and oil exploration), and art (glass and pottery). Moreover, the book includes material on the use of advanced laser and proximal probes for imaging and manipulation of nanoparticles and atoms. In addition, coverage is given to carbon and how it contrasts and integrates with silicon with additional related applications. This is a valuable resource to all those seeking to learn more about the commercialization of nanosilicon, and to researchers wanting to learn more about emerging nanosilicon applications. Features a variety of designs and operation of nano-devices, helping engineers to make the best use of nanosilicon Contains underlying principles of how nanomaterials work and the variety of applications they provide, giving those new to nanosilicon a fundamental understanding Assesses the viability of various nanoslicon devices for mass production and commercialization, thereby providing an important source of information for engineers

Quantitative Methods in Bone Densitometry

Quantitative Methods in Bone Densitometry

Interest in bone densitometry methods has recently experienced a resurgence within the medical community. Physicians have become more interested than ever before in the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative diseases of bone such as osteoporosis. The public perception of osteoporosis and its prevention has been recently heightened. Because osteoporosis is widespread, especially in women, and leads to an increase in fractures in our population, many re searchers and clinicians are strongly motivated in their search for more sensi tive and accurate methods of diagnosis. This book was written for physicians, scientists, engineers, medical phy sicists, and others desiring an introduction or further understanding of this exciting field. Beginning with the early development of x-ray film methods for assessing bone status, the field has steadily grown throughout the years. Novel and interesting devices have been designed for the measurement of bone mass, bone density, cortical thickness, and other parameters of bone changes. Both qualitative and quantitative bone methods are described. The techniques include imaging devices such as CT and radiography as well as fixed point methods in which bone characteristics of a region of interest are analyzed.

Imaging in Oncology

Imaging in Oncology

Building on the foundation laid down by the first edition, the 1998 winner of the Royal Society's award for the Multi-author Textbook of the Year, Imaging in Oncology, Second Edition presents an extensively referenced, evidence-based analysis of the role of imaging in planning treatment. Emphasizing image interpretation for tumor staging and follow