They examine pragmatism's distinctive form of nonreductive naturalism and consider its merits for the study of religion, democratic theory, and as a general philosophical orientation.
Author: Matthew C. Bagger
Distinguished scholars evaluate the contribution pragmatism can make to a viable naturalism, exploring what distinguishes pragmatic naturalism from other naturalisms. They examine pragmatism's distinctive form of nonreductive naturalism and consider its merits for the study of religion, democratic theory, and as a general philosophical orientation.
This excellent collection of high-quality essays on a resurgent school of American philosophy will be of interest to philosophers as well as scholars in the natural and social sciences.
Author: John R. Shook
Pragmatism, the philosophy native to America, has once again grown to prominence in philosophical debate around the world. Today, the type of pragmatism that is proving to be of greatest value for fostering discussions with other worldviews is pragmatic naturalism. The fourteen provocative essays in this original collection are all by philosophers who describe themselves as pragmatic naturalists and who are active in the present-day revival of American pragmatism. Pragmatic naturalism, like all varieties of pragmatism, steers clear of the extreme intellectualism too often found in philosophy. Pragmatic naturalism stresses that genuine inquiry must be conducted in a consistently empirical manner and be responsive to real human problems. It also contends that the sciences and their methodologies are superior to other modes of inquiry into the human environment. Despite the curious fact that pragmatism is often taken to be opposed to realism, the essays in this volume assert the interdependence of pragmatism with some type of realistic metaphysical stance. As such they advance the debates over the question of realism by uncovering and investigating the deepest assumptions running through recent Anglo-American philosophy. This excellent collection of high-quality essays on a resurgent school of American philosophy will be of interest to philosophers as well as scholars in the natural and social sciences.
pragmatism is a species of postmodernism, while naturalism is a species of
modernism. If postmodernism can be meaningfully reconciled with modernism
then it would become possible to talk about a way to reconcile aspects of naturalism ...
Author: John Ryder
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
The Things in Heaven and Earth is a development and application of the Columbia Naturalism of John Dewey, John Herman Randall, Jr., and Justus Buchler. The chapters deal with systematic ontology, epistemology, constructivism and objectivity, philosophical theology, art, democratic theory, foreign policy, education, humanism, and cosmopolitanism.
xxvi naturalists are problem oriented , much of the discussion of contemporary
philosophical problems draws upon their insights and suggestions . 29 " Pragmatic naturalism " or " pragmatism " may be regarded as names for this
Author: S. Morris Eames
Publisher: SIU Press
It is said that America came of age intellectually with the appearance of the pragmatic movement in philosophy. Pragmatic Naturalism presents a selective and interpretative overview of this philosophy as developed in the writings of its intellectual founders and chief exponents—Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, George Herbert Mead, and John Dewey. Mr. Eames groups the leading ideas of these pragmatic naturalists around the general fields of “Nature and Human Life,” “Knowledge,” “Value,” and “Education,” treating the primary concerns and special emphasis of each philosopher to these issues. Philosophy students, teachers of philosophy, and general readers will find this book a comprehensive overview of American philosophy.
I then move to an account of some ideas in ethical naturalism, after which I am in
a position to explain more fully why I see bioethics as a naturalism. American
Philosophic Naturalism Although pragmatism may be regarded as a philosophic
Author: Arthur L. Caplan
Publisher: MIT Press
Using the perspective of pragmatism to guide the American debate about bioethics.
naturalism . I have shown it to be a pragmatic text on four grounds . It abandoned
metaphysics and epistemology for reflection on the promises and problems of
human finitude . It focused on philosophy , the arts , and the natural sciences as ...
Author: Henry S. Levinson
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Henry Levinson offers a major reinterpretation of the Spanish-born American philosopher George Santayana (1863-1952), which highlights his relationship to the tradition of American pragmatism. He shows that Santayana's role in forming the pragmatist tradi
"This volume offers critical responses to philosophical naturalism from the perspectives of four different yet fundamentally interconnected philosophical traditions: Kantian idealism, Hegelian idealism, British idealism, and American ...
Author: Paul Giladi
"This volume offers critical responses to philosophical naturalism from the perspectives of four different yet fundamentally interconnected philosophical traditions: Kantian idealism, Hegelian idealism, British idealism, and American pragmatism. In bringing these rich perspectives into conversation with each other, the book illuminates the distinctive set of metaphilosophical assumptions underpinning each tradition's conception of the relationship between the human and natural sciences. The individual essays investigate the affinities and the divergences between Kant, Hegel, Collingwood, and the American pragmatists in their responses to philosophical naturalism. The ultimate aim of Responses to Naturalism is to help us understand how human beings can be committed to the idea of scientific progress without renouncing their humanistic explanations of the world. It will appeal to scholars interested in the role idealist and pragmatist perspectives play in contemporary debates about naturalism"--
In the previous chapter I argued that pragmatism is, or can be, compatible with a
weak version of metaphysical realism and furthermore suggested that pragmatism does not necessarily entail a commitment to naturalism. What I want
to show in ...
Author: Michael Slater
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Michael Slater argues for the contemporary relevance of pragmatist views in the philosophy of religion.
3. Pragmatic. Naturalism. in. Bioethics. Overview The two previous chapters
introduce and review the field of neuroethics to give an overview of topics of
concern and different perspectives on neuroethics. This chapter highlights how
Author: Eric Racine
Publisher: MIT Press
A survey of the emerging field of neuroethics that calls for a multidisciplinary, pragmatic approach for tackling key issues and improving patient care. Today the measurable health burden of neurological and mental health disorders matches or even surpasses any other cluster of health conditions. At the same time, the clinical applications of recent advances in neuroscience are hardly straightforward. In Pragmatic Neuroethics, Eric Racine argues that the emerging field of neuroethics offers a way to integrate such specialties as neurology, psychiatry, and neurosurgery with the humanities and social sciences, neuroscience research, and related healthcare professions, with the goal of tackling key ethical challenges and improving patient care. Racine provides a survey of the often diverging perspectives within neuroethics, offers a theoretical framework supported by empirical data, and discusses the neuroethical implications of such issues as media coverage of neuroscience innovation and the importance of public concerns and lay opinion; nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals for performance enhancement; and the discord between intuitive notions about consciousness and behavior and the scientific understanding of them. Racine proposes a pragmatic neuroethics that combines pluralistic approaches, bottom-up research perspectives, and a focus on practical issues (in contrast to other more theoretical and single-discipline approaches to the field). [He discusses ethical issues related to powerful neuroscience insights into the mechanisms underlying moral reasoning, cooperative behavior, and such emotional processes as empathy.] In addition, he outlines a pragmatic framework for neuroethics, based on the philosophy of emergentism, which identifies conditions for the meaningful contribution of neuroscience to ethics, and sketches new directions and strategies for meeting future challenges for neuroscience and society. Basic Bioethics series
On pragmatic naturalism, S. Morris Eames's Pragmatic Naturalism: An
Introduction (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University, 1977) is a fine introduction.
Two classics in the American version of naturalism are James Bassett Pratt, Naturalism ...
Author: Victor Anderson
Publisher: SUNY Press
Argues that while contemporary American philosophies and philosophers of religion are proclaiming the end of theology, a neopragmatism has arrived to fill the void in meaning and moral fulfillment to which theology once supplied answers.