materials characterization introduction to microscopic and spectroscopic methods

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Materials Characterization

Author : Yang Leng
ISBN : 9780470822999
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67. 50 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This book covers state-of-the-art techniques commonly used in modern materials characterization. Two important aspects of characterization, materials structures and chemical analysis, are included. Widely used techniques, such as metallography (light microscopy), X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, are described. In addition, the book introduces advanced techniques, including scanning probe microscopy. The second half of the book accordingly presents techniques such as X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (commonly equipped in the scanning electron microscope), fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy, and popular surface analysis techniques (XPS and SIMS). Finally, vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR and Raman) and thermal analysis are also covered.

A Guide To Materials Characterization And Chemical Analysis

Author : John P. Sibilia
ISBN : 0471186333
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 80 MB
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This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing. Over 100 materials methodologies, evaluations, chemical analyses, physical testing, and scientific computing techniques are covered, including the fields of molecular spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, chromatography, chemical analysis, x-ray analysis, microscopy, surface science, thermal analysis, and polymer characterization. All of the.

Practical Materials Characterization

Author : Mauro Sardela
ISBN : 9781461492818
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 44 MB
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Practical Materials Characterization covers the most common materials analysis techniques in a single volume. It stands as a quick reference for experienced users, as a learning tool for students, and as a guide for the understanding of typical data interpretation for anyone looking at results from a range of analytical techniques. The book includes analytical methods covering microstructural, surface, morphological, and optical characterization of materials with emphasis on microscopic structural, electronic, biological, and mechanical properties. Many examples in this volume cover cutting-edge technologies such as nanomaterials and life sciences.

Handbook Of Materials Characterization

Author : Surender Kumar Sharma
ISBN : 9783319929552
Genre :
File Size : 82. 61 MB
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Materials Chemistry

Author : Bradley D. Fahlman
ISBN : 9789402412550
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 43 MB
Format : PDF
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The 3rd edition of this successful textbook continues to build on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field — in a concise format. The 3rd edition offers significant updates throughout, with expanded sections on sustainability, energy storage, metal-organic frameworks, solid electrolytes, solvothermal/microwave syntheses, integrated circuits, and nanotoxicity. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions.

Materials Analysis In Forensic Science

Author : Max M. Houck
ISBN : 9780128006733
Genre : Law
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward. This volume, Materials Analysis in Forensic Science will serve as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching materials analysis in forensic science. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials and professional issues the reader may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, the Advanced Forensic Science Series is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of materials analysis Contains information on a wide variety of trace evidence Covers methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, and field deployable devices Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Materials Characterization Techniques

Author : Sam Zhang
ISBN : 9781420042955
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 30 MB
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Experts must be able to analyze and distinguish all materials, or combinations of materials, in use today—whether they be metals, ceramics, polymers, semiconductors, or composites. To understand a material’s structure, how that structure determines its properties, and how that material will subsequently work in technological applications, researchers apply basic principles of chemistry, physics, and biology to address its scientific fundamentals, as well as how it is processed and engineered for use. Emphasizing practical applications and real-world case studies, Materials Characterization Techniques presents the principles of widely used, advanced surface and structural characterization techniques for quality assurance, contamination control, and process improvement. This useful volume: Explores scientific processes to characterize materials using modern technologies Provides analysis of materials’ performance under specific use conditions Focuses on the interrelationships and interdependence between processing, structure, properties, and performance Details the sophisticated instruments involved in an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the wide range of mutually interacting processes, mechanisms, and materials Covers electron, X-ray-photoelectron, and UV spectroscopy; scanning-electron, atomic-force, transmission-electron, and laser-confocal-scanning-florescent microscopy, and gel electrophoresis chromatography Presents the fundamentals of vacuum, as well as X-ray diffraction principles Explaining appropriate uses and related technical requirements for characterization techniques, the authors omit lengthy and often intimidating derivations and formulations. Instead, they emphasize useful basic principles and applications of modern technologies used to characterize engineering materials, helping readers grasp micro- and nanoscale properties. This text will serve as a valuable guide for scientists and engineers involved in characterization and also as a powerful introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Structure Elucidation In Organic Chemistry

Author : Maria-Magdalena Cid
ISBN : 9783527664634
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 73 MB
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Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.

Lubricants

Author : Marika Torbacke
ISBN : 9781118799710
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 1 MB
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Those working with tribology often have a background inmechanical engineering, while people working with lubricantdevelopment have a chemistry/chemical engineering background. Thismeans they have a tradition of approaching problems in differentways. Today’s product development puts higher demands ontiming and quality, requiring collaboration between people withdifferent backgrounds. However, they can lack understanding of eachother’s challenges as well as a common language, and so thisbook aims to bridge the gap between these two areas. Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performanceprovides an easy to understand overview of tribology and lubricantchemistry. The first part of the book is theoretical and providesan introduction to tribological contact, friction, wear andlubrication, as well as the basic concepts regarding properties andthe most commonly made analyses on lubricants. Base fluids andtheir properties and common additives used in lubricants are alsocovered. The second part of the book is hands-on and introduces thereader to the actual formulations and the evaluation of theirperformance. Different applications and their correspondinglubricant formulations are considered and tribological test methodsare discussed. Finally used oil characterisation and surfacecharacterisation are covered which give the reader an introductionto different methods of characterising used oils and surfaces,respectively. Key features: Combines chemistry and tribology of lubricants into one unifiedapproach Covers the fundamental theory, describing lubricant propertiesas well as base fluids and additives Contains practical information on the formulations oflubricants and evaluates their performance Considers applications of lubricants in hydraulics, gears andcombustion engines Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performance isa comprehensive reference for industry practitioners (tribologists,lubricant technicians, and lubricant chemists, etc) and is also anexcellent source of information for graduate and undergraduatestudents.

Fundamentals Of Amorphous Solids

Author : Zbigniew H. Stachurski
ISBN : 9783527682195
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 60 MB
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Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.

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