Kuchmagate not only foiled Kuchma's prospects of an unconstitutional third term
as the president but also set off the chain of events whose climax was the 2004
Orange Revolution. After charges were filed against Kuchma for masterminding ...
Author: Volodymyr Tsvil
28 November 2000 was the day when the foundations of a young and fragile Ukrainian democracy were fundamentally shaken. The national deputies and the entirety of the Ukrainian population became aware of the records made by the former officer of the State Security Service, Mykola Melnichenko, which implicated the then President of Ukraine, Leonid Kuchma, in being involved in the murder of an independent journalist Georgiy Gongadze. The tape affair, or as it became known in the West, the 'Kuchmagate', was an unprecedented event in the history of modern Ukraine. Kuchmagate and the collapse of the Orange idea is a story told by Volodymyr Tsvil, a close associate of the main characters involved in the scandal, who himself was directly involved in the affair. Tsvil provides a unique insight into the events that followed immediately after the outbreak of the Kuchmagate and reveals a web of complex relationships between major Melnychenko and a plethora of politicians, journalists, governments and NGOs who were keen to obtain the contents of these records and use them for their own purposes. The story of Kuchmagate and the collapse of the Orange idea, however, is not merely a description of events which inspired the Orange revolution in 2004. Many Ukrainians entertained the hope that new people in the government could deliver their promises for a just and free society. These hopes were shattered by the same politicians' insincerity and personal interest in political expediency demonstrated during the Kuchmagate. The hopes of ordinary Ukrainians that justice would prevail were sidelined and largely forgotten. Today, the Orange coalition and its leaders are forgotten, marginalised or even imprisoned. In contrast, the Kuchmagate affair is alive and to the present day is far from being solved. The main question of who ordered the murder of Georgiy Gongadze remains unanswered. In order to find an answer to this and many other questions, more details about the Kuchmagate should be revealed to the public. Tsvil's book makes one the first contributions to this cause, providing first-hand information about the development of the scandal in a clear and objective manner.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics.
Author: Taras Kuzio
Category: Political Science
In 2000 a beheaded journalist was found in a remote forest near Kyiv. The corpse led to a scandal when it was revealed that it was that of a journalist critical of the authorities. The President was heard on tapes, made covertly in his office, ordering violence to be undertaken against the journalist. The scandal led to the creation of a wide protest movement that culminated in the victory of democratic opposition parties in 2002. The democratic opposition, led by its presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko, fought a bitter and fraudulent election campaign in 2004 during which he was poisoned. Widespread election fraud led to Europe’s largest protest movement since the Cold War which became known as the Orange Revolution, known after the campaign colour of the democratic opposition. This book is the first to provide a collection of studies surveying different aspects of the rise of the Ukraine’s democratic opposition from marginalization, to protest against presidential abuse of office and culminating in the Orange Revolution. It integrates the Kuchmagate crisis of 2000-2001 with that of the Orange Revolution four years later providing a rich, detailed and original study of the origins of the Orange Revolution. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics.
“KUCHMAGATE”. AND. POLITICAL. CRISIS. Despite troubling aspects of the
1999 presidential election, there was some hope that Ukraine turned a corner
with the new millennium. In December 1999, Kuchma appointed Viktor
Author: Paul Kubicek
Ukraine's struggle for a national identity plagued this former Soviet Union state long before the Cold War shook the world. Its central location between Eastern Europe and Western Asia invited many different cultures to settle the land, ultimately populating a powerful early medieval society known as Kievan Rus. However, readers will learn how Kievan Rus's Golden Age quickly crumbled with decades of Mongol invasions, Polish-Lithuanian occupation, and Russian empirical ruling. Explore how Ukraine flirted with independence in the early 20th century, only to be quickly taken over by harsh Soviet rule in 1922. Despite its independence from the USSR in 1991, devastating consequences of the socialist rule have allowed the world to witness Ukraine's ceaseless efforts to attain a stable government, struggling through the poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko, rigged elections, and the Orange Revolution. Kubicek's survey is comprehensive and concise-a perfect resource for high school students and undergrads, as well as general readers looking to further their knowledge of this up-and-coming nation.
Kuchmagate has shown that this is mistaken. In both Russia and Ukraine non-
military security forces have ballooned since 1992 and it is these — not the
military — who are the greatest threat to the democratic process. In Ukraine the
Parties and Candidates The opposition forces entered the presidential elections
divided, just as during the Kuchmagate crisis. This may have encouraged the
Yanukovych campaign to misjudge the opposition's ability to unite during and
Ukraine 32532 Human rights court to probe journalist ' s murder ( Part 1 : Kuchmagate ) 15 Communications and Media The European Human Rights
Court had decided to investigate the September 2000 8100 Regulation and
Media Freedom ...
Many young people were politicized and mobilized during the Kuchmagate crisis
preceding the 2004 elections . Below I discuss the key personalities in the
elections and the mistake the authorities made in choosing Yanukovych as their ...
Author: Anders Åslund
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
"This volume explores the role of former president Kuchma and the oligarchs, societal attitudes, the role of the political opposition and civil society, the importance of the media, and the roles of Russia and the West"--Provided by publisher.
worse by strong rumours of his involvement with Mykola Melnychenko , the
security service guard who illicitly taped Kuchma ' s office in 1999 - 2000 that led
to the Kuchmagate crisis ( Ukraine : an insider report , 2002 ) . Melnychenko
Author: Ingmar Bredies
Publisher: Ibidem-Verlag Haunschild/Schoen gbr
Category: Political Science
Ukraine's 2004 presidential election was falsified, spurring the Orange Revolution. To many observers, the Orange Revolution was a shock, and the stolen election a recent development. However, both the election fraud and the effort to topple the government of Leonid Kuchma emerged from political dynamics that had appeared in earlier Ukrainian elections.In this path breaking volume, leading scholars place Ukraine's 2004 Orange Revolution in the longer perspective of Ukraine's post-Soviet electoral politics. Covering both presidential and parliamentary elections over the entire post-Soviet period, the chapters clarify the manner in which earlier elections had emerged as part of the battle for power in Ukraine well before 2004. The opposition that came to power in 2004 had also won the 2002 elections and had developed its strategies during opposition protests that had been catalyzed by the Kuchmagate crisis in 2000. The evolution of the dynamics that led to the fraudulent 2004 election reveals that the events of 2004 represented continuity as well as change. By placing the 2004 elections within a longer trajectory, the volume enriches our understanding of the Orange Revolution and helps us to understand the difficulties faced in consolidating Ukraine's democratic breakthrough following the Orange Revolution.The volume contains an introduction to "Aspects of the Orange Revolution I-VI" by Andreas Umland, followed by eight chapters by Robert K. Christensen, Edward R. Rakhimkulov and Charles Wise, Paul D'Anieri, Robert Kravchuk and Victor Chudowsky, Paul Kubicek, Taras Kuzio, Lucan Way, and Anna Makhorkina. These authors bring complex and varied perspectives that situate Ukraine's post-Soviet elections in economic reforms, constitutional law, foreign policy objectives of integrating into Europe, as well as in the broader context of the rough and tumble competition for political control of Ukraine.
POSTSCRIPT : " KUCHMAGATE " AND THE UNIVERSITIES This chapter was
originally presented in 1999 , nearly a year before the beginning of " Kuchmagate
, ” the political crisis precipitated by revelations of secret recordings allegedly ...
Author: Wsevolod W. Isajiw
Publisher: Canadian Scholars Press
Category: Social Science
This collection celebrates at the same time as it analyses ten years of independence of Ukraine. The essays in this volume focus on the transition of Ukraine from Soviet Ukraine to independence. The chapters are organised according to the four basic processes that make up the transitology model: (1) transitions to a free-market economy; (2) transition to a democracy based on civil society; (3) development of social trust and (4) development of culture that articulates civil society's basic values and norms. One of the unique features of this volume is that it includes a focus on religion as a factor in the political and social transition of Ukraine. This has not been a usual feature of transitology literature, yet religion potentially plays a significant role in the creation of civil society.
The Kuchmagate crisis and subsequent protests did not lead to Kuchma's
downfall. Nevertheless, they severely undermined the legitimacy of the ruling
elites, discredited Kuchma, and created a hard core group of activists ready to