Release on 2010-11-01 | by Edward O. Wilson,José M. Gómez Durán
José Celestino Mutis and the Dawn of Natural History in the New World
Author: Edward O. Wilson,José M. Gómez Durán
Pubpsher: JHU Press
One of the earliest New World naturalists, José Celestino Mutis began his professional life as a physician in Spain and ended it as a scientist and natural philosopher in modern-day Colombia. Drawing on new translations of Mutis's nearly forgotten writings, this fascinating story of scientific adventure in eighteenth-century South America retrieves Mutis's contributions from obscurity. In 1760, the 28-year-old Mutis—newly appointed as the personal physician of the Viceroy of the New Kingdom of Granada—embarked on a 48-year exploration of the natural world of northern South America. His thirst for knowledge led Mutis to study the region's flora, become a professor of mathematics, construct the first astronomical observatory in the Western Hemisphere, and amass one of the largest scientific libraries in the world. He translated Newton's writings and penned essays about Copernicus; lectured extensively on astronomy, geography, and meteorology; and eventually became a priest. But, as two-time Pulitzer Prize–winner Edward O. Wilson and Spanish natural history scholar José M. Gómez Durán reveal in this enjoyable and illustrative account, one of Mutis's most magnificent accomplishments involved ants. Acting at the urging of Carl Linnaeus—the father of taxonomy—shortly after he arrived in the New Kingdom of Granada, Mutis began studying the ants that swarmed everywhere. Though he lacked any entomological training, Mutis built his own classification for the species he found and named at a time when New World entomology was largely nonexistent. His unorthodox catalog of army ants, leafcutters, and other six-legged creatures found along the banks of the Magdalena provided a starting point for future study. Wilson and Durán weave a compelling, fast-paced story of ants on the march and the eighteenth-century scientist who followed them. A unique glance into the early world of science exploration, Kingdom of Ants is a delight to read and filled with intriguing information.
Pubpsher: Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
Similar but Different in the Animal Kingdom is an educational science book for children, youth, schools, libraries, and anyone interested in animals. Learn about the similarities and differences between twenty-five sets of animals: bees and wasps, frogs and toads, gophers and hamsters, falcons and hawks, herons and storks, ants and termites, donkeys and mules, and more. What are the similarities and differences between alligators and crocodiles? Which one has a U-shaped snout, and which one has a V-shaped snout? What are the similarities and differences between fleas and ticks? Which one is not an insect? Are wallabies just small kangaroos? Emus and ostriches are similar because they can’t fly, but they have different feet. Which one has two toes and which one has three? Salmon and tuna have different tails, whereas octopuses and squids have the same number of hearts. Butterflies and moths have different antennae. Which one has club-shaped antennae and which one has feathery antennae? Can cheetahs or leopards climb trees, and which one can’t roar? Do dolphins and porpoises have similar dorsal fins? Do foxes and wolves have more similarities or more differences? Similar but Different in the Animal Kingdom has the answers! This intriguing look at the animal kingdom provides “Fast Facts” with an instant list of the animals’ main similarities and differences, as well as their scientific classifications, descriptions, habitats, diets, breeding habits, and much more. There are interesting facts, fallacies, phrases, singular and plural animal words, collective nouns, and a glossary of scientific terms.
Ants are legion: at present there are 11,006 species of ant known; they live everywhere in the world except the polar icecaps; and the combined weight of the ant population has been estimated to make up half the mass of all insects alive today. When we encounter them outdoors, ants fascinate us; discovered in our kitchen cupboards, they elicit horror and disgust. Charlotte Sleigh’s Ant elucidates the cultural reasons behind our varied reactions to these extraordinary insects, and considers the variety of responses that humans have expressed at different times and in different places to their intricate, miniature societies. Ants have figured as fantasy miniature armies, as models of good behavior, as infiltrating communists and as creatures on the borderline between the realms of the organic and the machine: in 1977 British Telecom hired ant experts to help solve problems with their massive information network. This is the first book to examine ants in these and many other such guises, and in so doing opens up broader issues about the history of science and humans’ relations with the natural world. It will be of interest to anyone who likes natural history or cultural studies, or who has ever rushed out and bought a can of RaidTM. "[Charlotte Sleigh's] stylish, engaging and informative study deserves to win new members for the ant fan club."—Jonathan Bate, The Times
Release on 2014-12-09 | by Stephen H. West,Wilt L. Idema
The Earliest Known Versions
Author: Stephen H. West,Wilt L. Idema
Pubpsher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
This is the first anthology of Yuan-dynasty zaju (miscellaneous comedies) to introduce the genre to English-speaking readers exclusively through translations of the plays' fourteenth-century editions. Almost all previous translations of Yuan-dynasty zaju are based on late-Ming regularized editions that were heavily adapted for performance at the Ming imperial court and then extensively revised in the seventeenth century for the reading pleasure of Jiangnan literati. These early editions are based on leading actor scripts and contain arias, prose dialogue, and cue lines. They encompass a fascinating range of subject matter, from high political intrigue to commoner life and religious conversion. Crackling with raw emotion, violent imagery, and colorful language and wit, the zaju in this volume explore the consequences of loyalty and betrayal, ambition and enlightenment, and piety and drunkenness. The collection features seven of the twenty-six available untranslated zaju published in the fourteenth century, with a substantial introduction preceding each play and extensive annotations throughout. The editors also include translations of the Ming versions of four of the included plays and an essay that synthesizes recent Chinese and Japanese scholarship on the subject.
This year-long devotional of life application stories makes the Bible relevant to the lives of modern kids. Each one-page story is supplemented by a memory Scripture verse to get kids thinking, and also ties in with the story’s central message. McFarlane offers frank advice to children that will help them make the right choices early on in life and encourage them to be a shining example of Jesus’ love. The stories in STORIES FOR KINGDOM KIDS are a good combination inspired by true historical events and delightfully enjoyable fables – all teaching important life lessons. STORIES FOR KINGDOM KIDS will leave a lasting impression in children’s minds and reinforce positive behavior that will last a lifetime.
This new edition of The Fifth Kingdom has been updated to reflect the most recent developments in mycology, including the field's adoption of a new taxonomical framework for fungi as a whole, and the latest advances in molecular genetics. The chapter on fungicides has been updated to include new discoveries. The discussion of poisonous mushrooms has been revised to include newly recognized types (and treatments) of mushroom poisoning. Chapters on medical aspects of mycology and practical uses for fungi have been expanded. Entirely new chapters—on applications of mycological training, among other topics—are all written with Kendrick's characteristic clarity, warmth, and humor—the qualities that have helped establish The Fifth Kingdom as one of the best, and most engaging, introductions to mycology. Now in full color, and offering a wealth of new illustrations, this edition also provides readers with access to Bryce Kendrick's extensive online collection of photographs, charts, and other visual resources.
Containing Illustrations of the Characters, Habits, Dispositions, and Capabilities, of Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, Reptiles, and Insects : and Forming an Appropriate Supplement to Goldsmith's Animated Nature
This guide provides a complete listing of the entire Australian ant genera, detailing 103 genera. It also includes scanning electron micrographs for all but two of the genera. Keys to identify genera and a glossary naming the important parts of an ant's body are provided.