instrumentation measurements and experiments in fluids

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Instrumentation Measurements And Experiments In Fluids

Author : Ethirajan Rathakrishnan
ISBN : 9781315394855
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 28 MB
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Mechanical engineers involved with flow mechanics have long needed an authoritative reference that delves into all the essentials required for experimentation in fluids, a resource that can provide fundamental review, as well as the details necessary for experimentation on everything from household appliances to hi-tech rockets. Instrumentation, Measurements, and Experiments in Fluids meets this challenge, as its author is not only a highly respected pioneer in fluids, but also possesses twenty years experience teaching students of all levels. He clearly explains fundamental principles as well the tools and methods essential for advanced experimentation. Reflecting an awe for flow mechanics, along with a deep-rooted knowledge, the author has assembled a fourteen chapter volume that is destined to become a seminal work in the field. Providing ample detail for self study and the sort of elegant writing rarely found in so thorough a treatment, he provides insight into all the vital topics and issues associated with the devices and instruments used for fluid mechanics and gas dynamics experiments. Extremely organized, this work presents easy access to the principles behind the science and goes on to elucidate the current research and findings needed by those seeking to make further advancement. Unique and Thorough Coverage of Uncertainty Analysis The author provides valuable insight into the vital issues associated with the devices used in fluid mechanics and gas dynamics experiments. Leaving nothing to doubt, he tackles the most difficult concepts and ends the book with an introduction to uncertainty analysis. Structured and detailed enough for self study, this volume also provides the backbone for both undergraduate and graduate courses on fluids experimentation.

Experiments In Fluid Mechanics

Author : SARBJIT SINGH
ISBN : 9788120345119
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 55 MB
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This Second Edition contains 18 experiments in Fluid Mechanics, selected from the prescribed curriculum of various universities and institutes. The laboratory work in Fluid Mechanics is undertaken by the undergraduate engineering students of several branches such as civil, mechanical, production, aerospace, chemical, biotechnology, electrical (wherever prescribed), and instrumentation and control (wherever prescribed). The first part of the book allows the students to review the fundamental theory before stepping into the laboratory environment. The second part enumerates the experimental set-ups, and provides a concluding discussion of each experiment. Appendix A gives various questions based on each experiment to test the student’s understanding of the learned material. Appendix B gives data on physical properties of water, air and some commonly used fluids in the laboratory, and also lists other standard data to be used in various experiments.

Applied Gas Dynamics

Author : Ethirajan Rathakrishnan
ISBN : 9780470825761
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 61 MB
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In Applied Gas Dynamics, Professor Ethirajan Rathakrishnan introduces the high-tech science of gas dynamics, from a definition of the subject to the three essential processes of this science, namely, the isentropic process, shock and expansion process, and Fanno and Rayleigh flows. The material is presented in such a manner that beginners can follow the subject comfortably. Rathakrishnan also covers the theoretical and application aspects of high-speed flows in which enthalpy change becomes significant. Covers both theory and applications Explains involved aspects of flow processes in detail Provides a large number of worked through examples in all chapters Reinforces learning with concise summaries at the end of every chapter Contains a liberal number of exercise problems with answers Discusses ram jet and jet theory -- unique topics of use to all working in the field Classroom tested at introductory and advanced levels Solutions manual and lecture slides available for instructors Applied Gas Dynamics is aimed at graduate students and advanced undergraduates in Aerospace Engineering and Mechanical Engineering who are taking courses such as Gas Dynamics, Compressible Flows, High-Speed Aerodynamics, Applied Gas Dynamics, Experimental Aerodynamics and High-Enthalpy Flows. Practicing engineers and researchers working with high speed flows will also find this book helpful. Lecture materials for instructors available at http://www.wiley.com/go/gasdyn

High Enthalpy Gas Dynamics

Author : Ethirajan Rathakrishnan
ISBN : 9781118821893
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 41 MB
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This is an introductory level textbook which explains the elements of high temperature and high-speed gas dynamics. Readers will gain an understanding how the thermodynamic and transport properties of high temperature gas are determined from a microscopic viewpoint of the molecular gas dynamics, and how such properties affect the flow features, the shock waves and the nozzle flows, from a macroscopic viewpoint. In addition, the experimental facilities for the study on the high enthalpy flows are described in a concise and easy-to-understand style. Practical examples are given throughout emphasizing the application of the theory discussed. Each chapter ends with exercises/problems and solutions to enhance the learning experience. The book begins with the basics about enthalpy, its nature and difference with internal energy and its relationship to heat. Subsequent sections in the chapter on the Basics cover the essence of the gas dynamics of perfect gas, covering all aspects of the theory, which assumes the specific heats of the gas as constants and independent of temperature. The chapter on Thermodynamics of Fluid Flow reviews the concept of energy which plays an important role in both high temperature flows and perfect gas flows. The chapter on Wave Propagation describes the waves, namely the Mach waves, compression waves and expansion waves, which prevail in all gas dynamic streams. The chapter on High Temperature Flows begins with the discussion on the difference between the perfect gas flow and high temperature flow, and proceeds to the importance of high-enthalpy flows covering the nature of high-enthalpy flows, most probable macro state, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics, Boltzmann distribution, evaluation of thermodynamic properties and partition function, covering the various aspects of high-enthalpy flows with shocks. The final chapter on High Enthalpy Facilities describes the devices to provide hypersonic airflows at high enthalpy and high-pressure total conditions.

Elements Of Heat Transfer

Author : Ethirajan Rathakrishnan
ISBN : 9781466556522
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 82 MB
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Written for chemical, mechanical, and aerospace engineering students taking courses on heat and mass transfer, this textbook presents the basics and proceeds to the required theory and its application aspects. Major topics covered include conduction, convection, radiation, boiling, heat exchangers, and mass transfer and are explained in a detailed, to-the-point manner. Along with coverage of the topics, the author provides appropriate numerical examples to clarify theory and concepts. Exercise problems are presented at the end of each chapter to test the understanding gained within each subject. A solutions manual and PowerPoint slides accompany the text, upon qualification.

Instrumentation For Combustion And Flow In Engines

Author : D.F.G. Durão
ISBN : 9789400922419
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 65 MB
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Much has been said and written about the abilities of modern instrumentation to help solve problems of combustion in engines. In the main, however, the design and fabr ication of combustion chambers continues to be based on extrapolation of exper ience gained from use and rig tests, with little input from advanced techniques such as those based on optical diagnotics. At the same time, it has become increasingly difficult to design better combustion chambers without knowledge of the relevant flow processes. Thus, the future must involve improved understanding which, in turn, will require detailed measurements of velocity, temperature and concentration. The need to narrow the gap between current industrial practice and the acquisition and implementation of improved techniques motivated the organization of the Advanced Study Institute upon which this volume is based. This Institute on Instrumentation for Combustion and Flow in Engines was arranged to display the needs of industry and the possibilities made available by modern instrumentation and, at the same time, to make clear the relative advantages of optical and probe techniques. Held at Vimeiro during the period from 13 to 26 September, 1987, the Institute was attended by 120 participants and 16 invited lecturers.

Instrumentation For Fluid Particle Flow

Author : S.L. Soo
ISBN : 0080946690
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 92 MB
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A focus on methods of measurement and options for engineers and scientists performing research and evaluation of particle-fluid flow systems. Improved instrumentation for measurement in this field is an essential element in the progress of research and engineering of multi-phase flow systems. Some of the most original and productive research specialists in the field of particle-fluid flow systems are assembled in this book, which is an important and current reference volume.

Physical Acoustics And Metrology Of Fluids

Author : Martin Trusler
ISBN : 0750301139
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 26 MB
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The interaction of sound waves with the medium through which they pass can be used to investigate the thermophysical properties of that medium. With the advent of modern instrumentation, it is now possible to determine the speed and absorption of sound with extremely high precision and, through the dependence of those quantities on variables like temperature, pressure, and frequency to gain a sensitive measure of one or more properties of fluid. This has led to renewed interest in such measurements and in the extraction of thermophysical properties of gases and liquids there from. Physical Acoustics and Metrology of Fluids describes both how to design experiments to achieve the highest possible accuracy and how to relate the quantities measured in those experiments to the thermophysical properties of the medium. A thorough theoretical examination of the alternative experimental methods available is designed to guide the experimentalist toward better and more accurate methods. This theoretical analysis is enhanced and complemented by an in-depth discussion of practical experimental techniques and the problems inherent within them. Bringing together the fields of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, fluid mechanics, and theoretical acoustics, plus a wealth of information about practical instruments, this book represents an essential reference on the design and execution of valuable experiments in fluid metrology and physical acoustics.

Practical Food Rheology

Author : Ian T. Norton
ISBN : 1444391054
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 84 MB
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Rheology is fundamentally important in food manufacturing in two major senses. Understanding the way in which a substance moves and behaves is essential in order to be able to transport and mix it during processing. Secondly, the rheology of a product dictates much of the consumer experience, e.g. in relation to texture and mouthfeel. This book doesn’t overwhelm the reader with complex mathematical equations but takes a simple and practically-focused approach, interpreting the implications of rheological data for use in different food systems. Through this approach industry-based food developers / rheologists, students, and academics are given clear, concise interpretation of rheological data which directly relates to actual perceived functionality in the food. The functionality may relate to texture, structure and mouthfeel, and may result as a function of temperature, pH, flocculation, concentration effects, and mixing. The interpretative view is based on the principle that the food rheologist will produce a graph, for example of viscosity or gelation profiling, and then have to extract a practical meaning from it. For example, if viscosity falls with time as a function of pH, this knowledge can be used to tell the customer that the viscosity can be followed with just a pH meter and a stopwatch. Rheological measurements have shown that once the pH has dropped 1 unit after 10 minutes, the viscosity has been halved. This is the type of practical and valuable information for customers of the industrial food rheologist which the book will enable readers to access. Key features: A uniquely practical approach to the often difficult science of food rheology Includes chapters introducing the basics of food rheology before moving on to how data can be usefully and easily interpreted by the food scientist Can be used as a teaching aid on academic or industry-based courses

Fluid Mechanics With Laboratory Manual

Author :
ISBN : 9788120340343
Genre : Fluid mechanics
File Size : 83. 25 MB
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