information ecologies using technology with heart mit press

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Information Ecologies

Author : Bonnie A. Nardi
ISBN : 0262640422
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 44 MB
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"An information ecology is a system of people, practices, technologies, and values in a local environment. Like their biological coounterparts, information ecologies are diverse, continually evolving, and complex. Nardi and O'Day encourage the reader to become more aware of the ways people and technology are interrelated. A key to thoughtful action, they say, is to ask more "know-why" questions, before jumping to the more straightforward "know-how" questions. They talk about practical ways to have more "know-why" questions, to dig deeper and reflect more on how we use technology"--

Online Communities And Social Computing

Author : Douglas Schuler
ISBN : 9783540732570
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 89 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Online Communities and Social Computing, OCSC 2007, held in Beijing, China, July 2007 in the framework of the 12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2007. It covers designing and developing on-line communities, as well as knowledge, collaboration, learning and local on-line communities.

Innovation And The Creative Process

Author : Lars Fuglsang
ISBN : 9781848440104
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 11 MB
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After phenomenology and feminism the concept of care is taken forward to conceive innovation as an interactive process requiring diversity and collectivity. A fresh look at innovation is grounded in the long standing experience of the Roskilde group and it takes the readers into an intriguing voyage in practical creativity. Silvia Gherardi, Dipartimento di Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale, Italy It is not an easy task to be innovative in the large and increasing field of innovation studies. We should therefore thank and welcome the Roskilde School for achieving such a difficult task. This book provides a new and promising vision of innovation which is metaphorically called innovation with care . This new theory draws upon a sociological perspective in order to open up the black box of the organization. It brings interacting people and social process to the forefront of innovation phenomena. Innovation and the Creative Process explores innovation with care, illustrating that it is possible to integrate in the innovation theory a wide range of specialized and non-specialized actors, activities and forms of business and social innovations. Following the Schumpeterian tradition, it provides a more comprehensive notion of innovation and enlarges the scope of innovation theory. This book represents a fruitful approach to innovation which academics, private and public practitioners should consider with much care. Faïz Gallouj, University of Lille, France This book explores new frameworks and methods of understanding and analysing innovation. These are set against a backdrop of innovation with care , which is seen as a phenomenon that takes place among many actors with different perspectives, ideas and cultures that must be carefully woven together in order to achieve the benefits of innovation The new perspectives presented by the contributors will be important in encouraging successful innovation across sectors, organizations and people. They examine how people and organizations deal with the tensions and paradoxes in the innovative process between creativity and innovation, variation and selection, and sense and strategy-making. The book also includes a sociological approach to innovation as a complement to economic perspectives in order to better understand how people can benefit from innovation in a number of interesting private and public cases. To benefit from innovation, it concludes, people depend less on formal roles and formal organization than on a caring approach that enables them to deal with and interpret evolutions across people, organizations and sectors. This highly original, innovative book will provide fascinating reading for a diverse audience, including academics, researchers, policymakers and managers with an interest in innovation, organization studies, institutional theory and, more generally, business and management.

A Psychology Of User Experience

Author : Phil Turner
ISBN : 9783319706535
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70. 90 MB
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It is well-established that while cognitive psychology provides a sound foundation for an understanding of our interactions with digital technology, this is no longer sufficient to make sense of how we use and experience the personal, relational and ubiquitous technologies that pervade everyday life. This book begins with a consideration of the nature of experience itself, and the user experience (UX) of digital technology in particular, offering a new, broader definition of the term. This is elaborated though a wide-ranging and rigorous review of what are argued to be the three core UX elements. These are involvement, including shared sense making, familiarity, appropriation and “being-with” technologies; affect, including emotions with and about technology, impressions, feelings and mood; and aesthetics, including embodied aesthetics and neuroaesthetics. Alongside this, new insights are introduced into how and why much of our current use of digital technology is simply idling, or killing time. A particular feature of the book is a thorough treatment of parallel, and sometimes competing, accounts from differing academic traditions. Overall, the discussion considers both foundational and more recent theoretical and applied perspectives from social psychology, evolutionary psychology, folk psychology, neuroaesthetics, neuropsychology, the philosophy of technology, design and the fine arts. This broad scope will be enlightening and stimulating for anyone concerned in understanding UX. A Psychology of User Experience stands as a companion text to the author’s HCI Redux text which discusses the contemporary treatment of cognition in human-computer interaction.

End User Development

Author : Maria Francesca Costabile
ISBN : 9783642215292
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 56 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Symposium on End-User Development, IS-EUD 2011, held in Torre Canne, Italy, in June 2011. The 14 long papers and 21 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. In addition the volume contains 2 keynote speeches, 14 doctoral consortia, and information on 3 workshops. The contributions are organized in topical sections on mashups, frameworks, users as co-designers, infrastructures, methodologies and guidelines, beyond the desktop, end-user development in the workplace, meta-design, and supporting end-user developers.

Acting With Technology

Author : Victor Kaptelinin
ISBN : 9780262263429
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 22 MB
Format : PDF
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Activity theory holds that the human mind is the product of our interaction with people and artifacts in the context of everyday activity. Acting with Technology makes the case for activity theory as a basis for understanding our relationship with technology. Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi describe activity theory's principles, history, relationship to other theoretical approaches, and application to the analysis and design of technologies. The book provides the first systematic entry-level introduction to the major principles of activity theory. It describes the accumulating body of work in interaction design informed by activity theory, drawing on work from an international community of scholars and designers. Kaptelinin and Nardi examine the notion of the object of activity, describe its use in an empirical study, and discuss key debates in the development of activity theory. Finally, they outline current and future issues in activity theory, providing a comparative analysis of the theory and its leading theoretical competitors within interaction design: distributed cognition, actor-network theory, and phenomenologically inspired approaches.

User Error

Author : Ellen Rose
ISBN : 9781926662435
Genre : Computers and civilization
File Size : 65. 72 MB
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User Error explodes the myth of computer technology as juggernaut. Multimedia educator Ellen Rose shows that there is no bandwagon, no out-of-control dynamo, no titanic conspiracy to overwhelm us. Instead, there is our own desire to join the fraternity of users, a fraternity that confers legitimacy and power on those who enter the brave new world. Rose exposes how we surrender decision-making power in personal and workplace computing situations. As users we willingly grant authority to the creators of software, support materials, and the seductive infrastructure of technocracy. “Smart” users are rewarded; reluctant users are pathologized. User identity is deliberately constructed at the crossroads of industry, consumer demand, and complicity. User Error sounds a timely alarm, calling on all of us who use the new technologies to recognize how we are being co-opted. With awareness we can reassert our own responsibility and power in this increasingly important interaction. Savvy, accessible, and up-to-date, User Error offers insight, inspiration, and strategies of resistance to general readers, technology professionals, students, and scholars alike.

Encyclopedia Of Educational Theory And Philosophy

Author : D. C. Phillips
ISBN : 9781483364759
Genre : Education
File Size : 82. 74 MB
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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Executive Power Of The European Union

Author : Deirdre Curtin
ISBN : 9780199264087
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 36. 45 MB
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The picture of Brussels-based bureaucrats exercising arbitrary executive powers is one of the favourite images conjured by Eurosceptics across the political spectrum. This book offers a richer understanding of the nature of the EU's powers, how they relate to national governments, and how they are controlled.

Object Thinking

Author : David West
ISBN : 9780735637511
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 93 MB
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In OBJECT THINKING, esteemed object technologist David West contends that the mindset makes the programmer—not the tools and techniques. Delving into the history, philosophy, and even politics of object-oriented programming, West reveals how the best programmers rely on analysis and conceptualization—on thinking—rather than formal process and methods. Both provocative and pragmatic, this book gives form to what’s primarily been an oral tradition among the field’s revolutionary thinkers—and it illustrates specific object-behavior practices that you can adopt for true object design and superior results. Gain an in-depth understanding of: Prerequisites and principles of object thinking. Object knowledge implicit in eXtreme Programming (XP) and Agile software development. Object conceptualization and modeling. Metaphors, vocabulary, and design for object development. Learn viable techniques for: Decomposing complex domains in terms of objects. Identifying object relationships, interactions, and constraints. Relating object behavior to internal structure and implementation design. Incorporating object thinking into XP and Agile practice.

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