The Grand Unified Theory is the unification theory of the four fundamental forces of nature (gravity, electromagnetism, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force). It is through the interactions between these four forces of nature that everything in our universe is created, including our DNA and the cells that compose our body. Einstein spent much of the later part of his life trying to unify these forces, but without success. The grand unified theory is also called the theory of everything, because it is supposed to answer many fundamental questions about our universe. The questions such as, why does our universe exist? Why is our universe composed of three-dimensional space and not five or six? What is energy? Why is there conscious life in our universe? What is the function of life in the universal order?
I have discovered the Grand Unified Theory. All the great scientists of the last century missed out on it because they were traveling on the wrong path searching for it. The difficulties started with Copernicus who threw out Ptoliamiac Geocentric model of our universe (which is the true physical model) in favor of a heliocentric model which is only a mathematical model devoid of physical reality and empirical support.
These course-tested lectures provide a technical introduction to Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (SUSY GUTs), as well as a personal view on the topic by one of the pioneers in the field. While the Standard Model of Particle Physics is incredibly successful in describing the known universe it is, nevertheless, an incomplete theory with many free parameters and open issues. An elegant solution to all of these quandaries is the proposed theory of SUSY GUTs. In a GUT, quarks and leptons are related in a simple way by the unifying symmetry and their electric charges are quantized, further the relative strength of the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces are predicted. SUSY GUTs additionally provide a framework for understanding particle masses and offer candidates for dark matter. Finally, with the extension of SUSY GUTs to string theory, a quantum-mechanically consistent unification of the four known forces (including gravity) is obtained. The book is organized in three sections: the first section contains a brief introduction to the Standard Model, supersymmetry and the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Then SUSY GUTs in four space-time dimensions are introduced and reviewed. In addition, the cosmological issues concerning SUSY GUTs are discussed. Then the requirements for embedding a 4D SUSY GUT into higher-dimensional theories including gravity (i.e. String Theory) are investigated. Accordingly, section two of the course is devoted to discussing the so-called Orbifold GUTs and how in turn they solve some of the technical problems of 4D SUSY GUTs. Orbifold GUTs introduce a new set of open issues, which are then resolved in the third section in which it is shown how to embed Orbifold GUTs into the E(8) x E(8) Heterotic String in 10 space-time dimensions.
Many scientists believe we are on the verge of a Theory of Everything - a complete unification of all the fundamental forces and particles of nature. In this book, the physicist and author Paul Davies gives an account of the quest for a superforce that will explain how the physical universe is put together. The book describes the bewildering array of subatomic particles that have been discovered in recent years, and shows how their properties form abstract patterns and mathematical symmetries, hinting at deep linkages. It explains how the forces that act between these particles may require the existence of unseen extra dimensions of space, and why the latest bizarre theory suggests that the basic entities out of which all matter is built may not be particles at all, but strings. Aimed at the general reader, this book shows that a unified theory may be within our grasp, and that a single superforce may account not only for the nature of matter, but even for the manner in which the universe came into existence.
Release on 2009-03-01 | by E. Escultura,V. Lakshmikantham
Author: E. Escultura,V. Lakshmikantham
Pubpsher: Springer Science & Business Media
In this book, an attempt is made to provide a hybrid grand unified theory to understand the universe, both in its micro/quantum aspects as well as macro/galactic aspects. The book describes a truly hybrid theory as it encompasses both the modern and ancient theories of the universe, together with its functioning at all levels of human comprehension. One of its authors, Dr Escultura, was nominated in 2005 for a Nobel Prize for his flux theory of gravitation. From then on this theory has been improved, clarified and is now known as the hybrid grand unified theory. This book deals with this new bold theory, unifying mathematics and physics, and answering some open fundamental questions and paradoxes in these disciplines. The book also describes what the ancient scientists knew about these matters.
This book is a serious effort to bridge the gap between Particle Physics and String Theory, and to unify the four known fundamental forces of Physics: Gravitation, Electromagnetism, and the Strong and Weak Nuclear Forces; although it uses ideas from unexpected branches of Physics.
George William Kelly wrote this collection of eight childrens stories over the lifetime of his daughter, Georgette. He named the heroines after her. By the time he published the collection, Georgette had reached the age of "sweet sixteen." Consequently, some of the stories aim at picture book readers and some at teenage readers. They reflect Georgettes growing older and older. The stories range from how Santa Christina (Mrs. Santa Claus) saved Christmas by helping Santa Claus deliver the Christmas toys, to how Georgette discovered there are 32 tooth pixies instead of one tooth fairy, to how Georgettes family developed the idea of a "grand unified theory of the universe" from apples in their kitchen fruit bowl. As a gift for Georgettes sixteenth birthday, Kelly combined his eight favorite stories into a print-on-demand paperback book (and an e-book) published by the Xlibris Corp. Like many childrens books, this one offers food for thought to adults as well as to children. It has no illustrations, but the author believes children will draw their own pictures. He hopes that some of the stories may be republished later as individual picture books. Georgettes Apple Bivortex Theory of Everything. "This story presents a model that shows how everything in the universe evolves," Kelly says. "Modern scientists have searched and searched for this model but have failed to see it. Great scientists like Rene Descartes, Isaac Newton, Michael Faraday, James Clark Maxwell, Max Planck, Albert Einstein, and Niels Bohr circled close around this model, but even those giants failed to see it." Georgettes bivortex theory evolved over sixteen years. Georgette, her Mommy, and her Daddy were seeking one, single answer to a young girls unending questions about everything. Their amateur, commonsense approach led them further and further into the realms of astronomy, cosmology, mathematics, physics, and the history of science. Although they could not speak the various scientific "dialects," they could comprehend general scientific speculation about the universe. They could also ponder the detailed pictures of the universe provided by space-age astronomy. Just as a small child saw the real truth in the old fairy tale about the emperors new clothes, so Georgettes scientifically unsophisticated family saw in the apple-like shapes of certain space photographs a new model for a theory of everything: a grand unified theory of the universe. As far as the family knows, this model never occurred to the scientists who have striven to harmonize red shifts, the Big Bang, the expanding universe, black holes, wormholes, gravity, electromagetism, curved space, strings, branes, quantum, matter, antimatter, dark matter, wimps, strong nuclear force, weak nuclear force, Bose-Einstein condensates, great walls, chaos theory, etc. Georgettes bivortex model takes the shape of an apple in the center of a large cloud of particles. It begins when two or more particles eddy around each other and form a tube. This rotating tube of particles sucks more and more cloud particles down the vortex at each end of the tube. The opposing helical streams of particles collide at the tubes center. The particles split, ricochet, and radiate outward to form an equatorial bulge and equatorial disk. Nearly all these particles are drawn back eventually toward the rotating tube. They rise in arched pathways northward and southward from the equatorial bulge and disk. Some return quickly to the walls of the tube. Others return leisurely via either the north pole vortex or the south pole vortex. The particles recycle along the lines of the bivortex field, just as iron filings follow the lines of a magnets electromagnetic field. At the extreme circumference of the disk, some particles leave the system altogether and radiate into space. Meanwhile, some particles pass the tubes center-point and follow the tubes axis in