european medieval tactics 1

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European Medieval Tactics 1

Author : David Nicolle
ISBN : 184908503X
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 3 MB
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Osprey's elite title on the rise and fall of European medieval cavalry during an 800 year period. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire there was a decline in professional cavalry forces, and infantry dominated in the Germanic successor barbarian kingdoms. In the Carolingian and Norman periods from the 9th to the 11th centuries, under the impact of Viking, Saracen and Magyar advances, the cavalry arm gradually expanded from the small remaining aristocratic elite. Even so, the supposedly complete dominance of the knight in the 12th and 13th centuries is grossly exaggerated, as integrated cavalry and infantry tactics were nearly always the key to success. This is the first in a two-part treatment of medieval tactics, covering developments in both cavalry and infantry tactics. Throughout the period there was a steady evolution of training in both individual and unit skills, of armor and weapons, and thus of tactics on the battlefield. This book covers key moments in this story of evolution from Hastings in 1066 to Legnano in 1176. It also details the later development of cavalry versus cavalry tactics and the two key set piece battles of Bouvines in 1214 and Pelagonia in 1259, the former an example of abject failure of cavalry tactics and the latter a stunning success.

European Medieval Tactics 2

Author : David Nicolle
ISBN : 9781780968841
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 60 MB
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With the development in the 13th century of co-operative tactics using crossbowmen and heavy spearmen, circumstance began to arise in which the charge by Muslim horse-archers, and then by European armoured knights, could be defied. Infantry were far cheaper and easier to train than knights, and potentially there were far more of them. Tactics emerged by which more numerous and more varied infantry played an increasing part in battles. This book traces these and other examples of this 'jerky' and uneven process through its regional differences, which were invariably entwined with parallel cavalry developments – the balanced army of 'mixed arms' was always the key to success. By the time serious hand-held firearms appeared on battlefields in large numbers in about 1500, the face of medieval warfare had been transformed.

Armies Of Feudal Europe 1066 1300

Author : Ian Heath
ISBN : 9781326256524
Genre : Armies
File Size : 54. 94 MB
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Longbowman Vs Crossbowman

Author : David Campbell
ISBN : 9781472817624
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 10 MB
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For centuries, the crossbow had played a key role on the battlefields of continental Europe, with mercenaries from Genoa and Brabant in particular filling the ranks of the French army, yet on the outbreak of the Hundred Years' War they came up against a more powerful foe. To master the English longbow was a labour of years, requiring far greater skill to use than the crossbow, but it was much more flexible and formidable, striking fear into the French and their allies. This study examines three battles – Sluys (1340), Crécy (1346) and Poitiers (1356) – and shows how the use of the longbow allowed England's armies to inflict crushing defeats on numerically superior forces. The longbow changed the shape of war, becoming the defining weapon of the age and wreaking havoc upon the French armies that would face it. Featuring full-colour artwork, this is the engrossing story of the first clashes between the English longbowmen and the crossbowmen of the French king on the bloody battlefields of the Hundred Years' War.

The Art Of Warfare In Western Europe During The Middle Ages

Author : J. F. Verbruggen
ISBN : 0851155707
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 27 MB
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First full English edition of classic work on medieval warfare, updated to take recent scholarship into account.

The Oxford Encyclopedia Of Medieval Warfare And Military Technology

Author : Clifford J. Rogers
ISBN : 9780195334036
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 38 MB
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From the Viking invasions to the Crusades to the Hundred Years War, wars were crucial agents of change in medieval Europe. They fostered many economic and political changes. They also affected the science, technology, religion, and culture of the parties involved. This two-volume encyclopedia examines all aspects of warfare and military technology in medieval times. Featuring the latest research from the leading experts in medieval military history, the set provides an exhaustive and accurate view of how and why wars were waged throughout Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and the Crusader States from circa 500 CE to circa 1500. Although many reference works have been published in medieval history, this is the first and only encyclopedia to focus exclusively on medieval warfare, offering unique insight into the subject by addressing developments in military technology across the period with articles on topics such as gunpowder and shields. The encyclopedia will appeal to scholars and readers of all levels interested in military history and in the medieval world.

Fighting Techniques Of The Medieval World

Author : Matthew Bennett
ISBN : 0312348207
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 67 MB
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A study of warfare during the Middle Ages explores the unique tactics required to win battles in medieval times with the technology available and demonstrates how, in some respects, little has changed of the art of war.

Infantry Warfare In The Early Fourteenth Century

Author : Kelly DeVries
ISBN : 9780851155715
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 58 MB
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DeVries has focused on an intriguing problem, and his detailed analysis of battles provides an important reassessment of the way in which infantry and dismounted cavalry achieved such striking successes. HISTORY

European Warfare 1350 1750

Author : Frank Tallett
ISBN : 9781139485463
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 38 MB
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The period 1350–1750 saw major developments in European warfare, which not only had a huge impact on the way wars were fought, but also are critical to long-standing controversies about state development, the global ascendancy of the West, and the nature of 'military revolutions' past and present. However, the military history of this period is usually written from either medieval or early-modern, and either Western or Eastern European, perspectives. These chronological and geographical limits have produced substantial confusion about how the conduct of war changed. The essays in this book provide a comprehensive overview of land and sea warfare across Europe throughout this period of momentous political, religious, technological, intellectual and military change. Written by leading experts in their fields, they not only summarise existing scholarship, but also present new findings and new ideas, casting new light on the art of war, the rise of the state, and European expansion.

Communications And Power In Medieval Europe

Author : Karl Leyser
ISBN : 1852851139
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 52 MB
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In the first half of this collection of Karl Leyser's studies on the high middle ages, two themes are especially explored. The first is the European aristocratic world of the early eleventh century; the second is the fragmentation of this world in the course of the revolution set in motion by Gregory VII. The essays in the second half stress the importance of communications for the new forms of warfare and government developing in the twelfth century.

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