R. Leidl, P. Potthoff, and D. Schwefel Health is a most vital resource represented in the degree of our well-being and our ability to conduct active and satisfactory lives. Acute and chronic illnesses diminish such well-being and abilities and may require resources for medical or nursing care. The improvement in health status, a major objective of health policy, requires the measurement of the severity of diseases and their consequences as essential elements of information. In application, the measurement approaches are gaining in relevance as they become more feasible and as more experience is gathered about their implementation and utilization. The feasibility of these new information tools is supported by developments in data processing technologies that permit broadly based empirical applications. Wider applications lead to improvements in the management use of this information. At the European level, better indicator systems of diseases and their various aspects are facing an increasing demand for patient-based health and health system comparisons and analyses. The measurement of health status and its implications can comprise a number of dimensions: various concepts of health and disease, types of diseases, methodological approaches of measurement, purposes of application and states of implementation.
Moving Towards Transparency, Efficiency and Quality in Hospitals
Author: Reinhard Busse
Pubpsher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
The volumes in the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies series focus on key issues for health policy-making in Europe. This book is a joint venture between the WHO/EO and the EuroDRG which addresses the challenges of using Diagnosis Related Group systems in Europe.
Release on 1994 | by Oecd,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,OECD Staff,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Staff
Quality and Choice
Author: Oecd,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,OECD Staff,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Staff
Pubpsher: Organization for Economic
Category: Health planning
This volume, the fourth in a series devoted to comparative analysis of health care systems, addresses several facets of the quality issue - all too often seen as clashing with principles of economic efficiency. Is quality possible where financial considerations weigh heavily on all systems? The six authors in the volume come from a variety of backgrounds and bring to the question the multiplicity of their experiences. Contents: Strategies for reduction of hospital-acquired infections: a model for quality development; Quality of care and the reform agenda in the acute hospital sector; Health maintenance organizations: Is the United States experience applicable elsewhere? Evaluation of cost-containment acts in Germany; Paying for prescriptions in Europe; Pharmaceutical consumption and pricing in OECD countries - 1987-1991.
Release on 1998 | by Giovanni Andrea Fava,Hellmuth Freyberger
Author: Giovanni Andrea Fava,Hellmuth Freyberger
Pubpsher: International Universities PressInc
This volume is an essential tool for clinicians in every specialty, a comprehensive work on a highly complex subject. In its 32 review papers by leading international researchers in the field, the core of psychosomatic medicine, multicausality is investigated via the vast array of research literature discussed by the authors. The handbook discusses psychosomatic issues in relation to AIDS, cancer, gastrointestinal illness, cardiovascular disease end-state renal failure, endocrine disorders, psychooncology, dermatology, gynecology, otorhinoolaryngology chronic fatigue, temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction, body image disorders, and psychological relations to medical procedures. In the past decade there has been an upsurge of interest in alternative medicine in North America. Probably its most distinctive feature is the attention to psychosocial aspects of medical practice. This volume provides an evidence-based analysis for such a stance, and clinicians will find it an indispensable tool for the 21st century.