Developing Natural Language Interfaces

Processing Human Conversations

Developing Natural Language Interfaces

Exploring a natural language interface as an alternative to the limited graphical kind used by most software applications, this guide will help developers build more versatile, easy-to-operate programs that let users communicate with their computers using everyday English.

A Natural Language Interface for Computer-Aided Design

A Natural Language Interface for Computer-Aided Design

The advent of computer aided design and the proliferation of computer aided design tools have been instrumental in furthering the state-of-the art in integrated circuitry. Continuing this progress, however, demands an emphasis on creating user-friendly environments that facilitate the interaction between the designer and the CAD tool. The realization of this fact has prompted investigations into the appropriateness for CAD of a number of user-interface technologies. One type of interface that has hitherto not been considered is the natural language interface. It is our contention that natural language interfaces could solve many of the problems posed by the increasing number and sophistication of CAD tools. This thesis represents the first step in a research effort directed towards the eventual development of a natural language interface for the domain of computer aided design. The breadth and complexity of the CAD domain renders the task of developing a natural language interface for the complete domain beyond the scope of a single doctoral thesis. Hence, we have initally focussed on a sub-domain of CAD. Specifically, we have developed a natural language interface, named Cleopatra, for circuit-simulation post-processing. In other words, with Cleopatra a circuit-designer can extract and manipulate, in English, values from the output of a circuit-simulator (currently SPICE) without manually having to go through the output files produced by the simulator.

Natural Language Data Management and Interfaces

Natural Language Data Management and Interfaces

The volume of natural language text data has been rapidly increasing over the past two decades, due to factors such as the growth of the Web, the low cost associated with publishing, and the progress on the digitization of printed texts. This growth combined with the proliferation of natural language systems for search and retrieving information provides tremendous opportunities for studying some of the areas where database systems and natural language processing systems overlap. This book explores two interrelated and important areas of overlap: (1) managing natural language data and (2) developing natural language interfaces to databases. It presents relevant concepts and research questions, state-of-the-art methods, related systems, and research opportunities and challenges covering both areas. Relevant topics discussed on natural language data management include data models, data sources, queries, storage and indexing, and transforming natural language text. Under natural language interfaces, it presents the anatomy of these interfaces to databases, the challenges related to query understanding and query translation, and relevant aspects of user interactions. Each of the challenges is covered in a systematic way: first starting with a quick overview of the topics, followed by a comprehensive view of recent techniques that have been proposed to address the challenge along with illustrative examples. It also reviews some notable systems in details in terms of how they address different challenges and their contributions. Finally, it discusses open challenges and opportunities for natural language management and interfaces. The goal of this book is to provide an introduction to the methods, problems, and solutions that are used in managing natural language data and building natural language interfaces to databases. It serves as a starting point for readers who are interested in pursuing additional work on these exciting topics in both academic and industrial environments.

Spatio-Temporal Databases

Flexible Querying and Reasoning

Spatio-Temporal Databases

Spatio-Temporal Databases explores recent trends in flexible querying and reasoning about time- and space-related information in databases. It shows how flexible querying enhances standard querying expressiveness in many different ways, with the aim of facilitating extraction of relevant data and information. Flexible spatial and temporal reasoning denotes qualitative reasoning about dynamic changes in the spatial domain, characterized by imprecision or uncertainty (or both). Many of the contributions focus on GIS, while some others are more general, or focus on related application fields, presenting theoretical viewpoints and techniques that are inspiring or can be adapted for GIS. The first part bundles the contributions on advances at the theoretical level, also discussing examples and opening further perspectives. The second part presents contributions on well-developed applications. The authors explain how to handle imprecision and uncertainty, demonstrating how advanced techniques can help to solve diverse problems related to GIS.

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science

Volume 71 - Supplement 34

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science

This supplement examines achieving synergy between computer power and human reason to the unified medical language system (UMLS).

Signs, Search and Communication

Semiotic Aspects of Artificial Intelligence

Signs, Search and Communication


Tools with Artificial Intelligence, 6th International Conference

Tools with Artificial Intelligence, 6th International Conference

Proceedings of the November 1994 conference on technical aspects of specifying, designing, implementing, and evaluating tools with artificial intelligence and tools for artificial intelligence applications. Papers cover topics such as machine, computational, and uncertainty learning, fuzzy logic, kn

Smart Health

International Conference, ICSH 2014, Beijing, China, July 10-11, 2014. Proceedings

Smart Health

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference for Smart Health, ICSH 2014, held in Beijing, China, in July 2014. The 21 papers presented together with 4 extended abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on information sharing, integrating and extraction; health data analysis and management; clinical and medical data mining; and clinical practice and medical monitoring.

Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval

Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval

Accepting that information professionals need to learn both traditional and computerized information retrieval techniques, this book aims to provide students with a comprehensive view of information retrieval. It covers: classification, cataloguing, subject indexing, abstracting and vocabulary control; CD-ROM and online information retrieval, multimedia; hypertext and hypermedia; expert systems and natural language processing techniques; knowledge-based natural language, text processing and user interface systems; and information retrieval in the context of the Internet, the World Wide Web, and the digital library environment.