detecting lies and deceit pitfalls and opportunities wiley series in psychology of crime policing and law

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Detecting Lies And Deceit

Author : Aldert Vrij
ISBN : 9781119965763
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55. 30 MB
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Why do people lie? Do gender and personality differences affect how people lie? How can lies be detected? Detecting Lies and Deceit provides the most comprehensive review of deception to date. This revised edition provides an up-to-date account of deception research and discusses the working and efficacy of the most commonly used lie detection tools, including: Behaviour Analysis Interview Statement Validity Assessment Reality Monitoring Scientific Content Analysis Several different polygraph tests Voice Stress Analysis Thermal Imaging EEG-P300 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) All three aspects of deception are covered: nonverbal cues, speech and written statement analysis and (neuro)physiological responses. The most common errors in lie detection are discussed and practical guidelines are provided to help professionals improve their lie detection skills. Detecting Lies and Deceit is a must-have resource for students, academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law.

Automatic Detection Of Verbal Deception

Author : Eileen Fitzpatrick
ISBN : 9781627053389
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90. 13 MB
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The attempt to spot deception through its correlates in human behavior has a long history. Until recently, these efforts have concentrated on identifying individual "cues" that might occur with deception. However, with the advent of computational means to analyze language and other human behavior, we now have the ability to determine whether there are consistent clusters of differences in behavior that might be associated with a false statement as opposed to a true one. While its focus is on verbal behavior, this book describes a range of behaviors—physiological, gestural as well as verbal—that have been proposed as indicators of deception. An overview of the primary psychological and cognitive theories that have been offered as explanations of deceptive behaviors gives context for the description of specific behaviors. The book also addresses the differences between data collected in a laboratory and "real-world" data with respect to the emotional and cognitive state of the liar. It discusses sources of real-world data and problematic issues in its collection and identifies the primary areas in which applied studies based on real-world data are critical, including police, security, border crossing, customs, and asylum interviews; congressional hearings; financial reporting; legal depositions; human resource evaluation; predatory communications that include Internet scams, identity theft, and fraud; and false product reviews. Having established the background, this book concentrates on computational analyses of deceptive verbal behavior that have enabled the field of deception studies to move from individual cues to overall differences in behavior. The computational work is organized around the features used for classification from ??-gram through syntax to predicate-argument and rhetorical structure. The book concludes with a set of open questions that the computational work has generated.

Detecting Deception

Author : Pär Anders Granhag
ISBN : 9781118509661
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 41. 16 MB
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Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Psychology And Law In Europe

Author : Pär-Anders Granhag
ISBN : 9781315317021
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 33 MB
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Offering carefully curated articles from the European Association of Psychology and Law (EAPL), this book features chapters from a truly international group of scholars. This text is the first of its kind to offer insights into current developments in psychology and law in Russia. The field of psychology and law has a very long and strong tradition in Russia, but very little is known, as Russian scholars rarely publish their works in English. The volume also contains state-of-the-art chapters on topics at the very core of psychology and law, including offender profiling, lie detection, crime linking, false memories, and witness interviewing. Features Provides rare insight into Russian history of forensic and criminal psychology Covers core topics in the discipline Offers international scope from a diverse array of contributors ? Psychology and Law in Europe: When West Meets East is a text of interest for students of psychology, law, or criminal justice, as well as scholars and practitioners in the field. This text offers a window into global advances in psychology and law.

Nonverbal Communication

Author : Judith A. Hall
ISBN : STANFORD:36105214391315
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47. 22 MB
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The current volume will emphasize uses, purposes, origins, and consequences of nonverbal communication in the lives of individuals, dyads, and groups-in other words, the behavior of human beings. As such, it will not emphasize communication systems per se nor the impact on humans of the physical environment, whether built or natural. With a field as widely represented as this one, full coverage within one volume is impossible. Therefore, the decision was made by the volume Editors to cover many different topics, the volume's unity will derive from its focus on the persons (or, in one chapter, non-human animals) engaging in nonverbal communication and the communicative and psychological aspects of this behavior. Nonverbal behavior is the more inclusive category and includes all emitted nonverbal behavior that may be subject to interpretation by others, whether the behavior is intentionally produced or not. In contrast, nonverbal communication refers to a subset of nonverbal behavior that represents a more active process whereby encoder (expressor) and decoder (recipient) emit and interpret behaviors according to a shared meaning code.

Behavioral Science And Security

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (2011). Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight
ISBN : UCSD:31822038363529
Genre : Airline passenger security screening
File Size : 49. 33 MB
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Criminal Psychology

Author : David Canter
ISBN : 0340928921
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69. 50 MB
Format : PDF
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Topics in Applied Psychology offers a range of accessible, integrated texts ideal for courses in applied psychology. The books are written by leading figures in their field and provide a comprehensive academic and professional insight into each topic. They incorporate a range of features to bring psychology to life including case histories, research methods, ethical debate and learner activities. Each chapter opens with learning objectives and concludes with a summary of the main points to consolidate learning. A reading list and sample essay questions at the end of each chapter enable further independent study. The series also offers an appreciation of multiple perspectives, examines the relationship between psychology and other cognate disciplines and discusses recent developments in each field. Topics in Applied Psychology will provide you with the tools you need to engage with, enjoy and understand your applied psychology discipline, ultimately ensuring confidence and success in exams as well as a comprehensive grounding in the profession. Organizational and Work Psychology examines individual behavior, motivation and satisfaction, diversity management, teamwork, and decision making. Personnel practices and human resource management, performance management and career management are also explored in depth. The book also includes discussions on health, wellness and dysfunctional behavior at work, politics and power in organizations, leadership, job design and the meaning of work. It concludes with an analysis of organizational cultures and climates and organizational change and development. The integrated and interactive approach, combined with the comprehensive coverage, make this book the ideal companion for courses in applied organizational and work psychology.

Interviewing

Author : Robert A. Shearer
ISBN : 0131190709
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40. 19 MB
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Using a systematic training approach based on scientifically validated research, the book combines “how-to” guidelines and “hands-on” practice to expose readers to key interviewing concepts and basic interrogation skills.Focusing on basic interviewing concepts and skills for criminal justice professionals, this book provides coverage of basic interviewing, interrogation and counseling skills & strategies.For people that plan to work in the criminal justice system.

Criminal Detection And The Psychology Of Crime

Author : David V. Canter
ISBN : 1855214547
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 93 MB
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Using Daniel as an example to demonstrate investigative psychology, this book examines various areas of criminal detection such as interviewing, detecting deception, evaluating testimony, juvenile offenders and offender typologies.

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