Release on 2020-04-14 | by Tsveta Hristova Luizova-horeva
A Cognitive Linguistic Perspective on English and Bulgarian Tourism Terms
Author: Tsveta Hristova Luizova-horeva
Compounds have logically attracted the unfailing interest of linguists because they are forms that combine two or more parts into a semantic whole without any grammatical indication as to their relation or the manner in which it has occurred. The dynamic nature of frames and their elements makes them particularly suitable for the description of the intriguing semantics of compounds and related structures. In this book, the meaning construction of English and Bulgarian compound nouns in the language of tourism and hospitality is explored from the perspective of frame semantics and the theories of constructions, schemas, semantic niches, metaphor and metonymy. A new model of analysis is proposed: a model of inter-frame interaction, with two sub-models, of vertical and horizontal interaction. The effect of the type and scope of reference of the compound components is discussed and illustrated both with frames and with relation-thing clines where compounds are arranged depending on the predominant relational or object-specific characteristics in their semantics. The division of the compounds into onomasiological categories facilitates their comparative analysis and highlights the salient contiguity relations that give rise to the members of each category. The patterns of their formation are generalised under schemas of different degrees of abstraction. The frequency of instantiation of these schemas leads to conclusions about the predominant elements in the semantics of the constructions and the productivity of particular patterns.
Characterisation, automatic discovery and applications
Author: Béatrice Daille
Pubpsher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book addresses term variation which has been a very important topic in terminology, computational terminology and natural language processing for up to twenty years. This book presents the first complete inventory of term variants and the linguistic procedures that lead to their formation. It also takes into account issues raised by multilingual applications and presents ways to detect variants in five different languages: French, English, German, Spanish and Russian. The book provides insights into the following issues: What is a variant? What are the main linguistic mechanisms involved in the transformation of base terms into variants? How can variants be automatically detected in texts? Should variation be taken into account in natural language processing applications? This book is targeted at terminologists and linguists interested in term variation as well as researchers in natural language processing and computer science that must handle term variants in different kinds of applications.
This first collection of selected articles from researchers in automatic analysis, storage, and use of terminology, and specialists in applied linguistics, computational linguistics, information retrieval, and artificial intelligence offers new insights on computational terminology. The recent needs for intelligent information access, automatic query translation, cross-lingual information retrieval, knowledge management, and document handling have led practitioners and engineers to focus on automated term handling. This book offers new perspectives on their expectations. It will be of interest to terminologists, translators, language or knowledge engineers, librarians and all others dependent on the automation of terminology processing in professional practices. The articles cover themes such as automatic thesaurus construction, automatic term acquisition, automatic term translation, automatic indexing and abstracting, and computer-aided knowledge acquisition. The high academic standing of the contributors together with their experience in terminology management results in a set of contributions that tackle original and unique scientific issues in correlation with genuine applications of terminology processing.
Release on 2008-07-03 | by Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera,Ascensión Arribas-Baño
The representation of meaning in English and Spanish business dictionaries
Author: Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera,Ascensión Arribas-Baño
Pubpsher: John Benjamins Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This stimulating new book, which combines dictionary research and linguistic knowledge, analyses the representation of meaning in business dictionaries from a pedagogical perspective. By examining in detail the macrostructure, mediostructure, access structure and microstructure of eight business dictionaries, this book presents interesting findings on how the dictionaries studied represent the ‘noun-term’, and on how they cope with the principles of new lexicography that aims at solving the needs of a specific type of user with specific types of problems related to a specific type of user situation. This exhaustive study, which makes simultaneous contributions to the theory of terminology, lexicography, and LSP teaching, defends a methodological confluence between LSP lexicography and terminology, and proposes some guiding principles towards the construction of pedagogically-oriented specialised dictionaries that must target students enrolled in LSP courses: Business English, Business Spanish, Business Translation, etc.
Karen Spärck Jones is one of the major figures of 20th century and early 21st Century computing and information processing. Her ideas have had an important influence on the development of Internet Search Engines. Her contribution has been recognized by awards from the natural language processing, information retrieval and artificial intelligence communities, including being asked to present the prestigious Grace Hopper lecture. She continues to be an active and influential researcher. Her contribution to the scientific evaluation of the effectiveness of such computer systems has been quite outstanding. This book celebrates the life and work of Karen Spärck Jones in her seventieth year. It consists of fifteen new and original chapters written by leading international authorities reviewing the state of the art and her influence in the areas in which Karen Spärck Jones has been active. Although she has a publication record which goes back over forty years, it is clear even the very early work reviewed in the book can be read with profit by those working on recent developments in information processing like bioinformatics and the semantic web.