Cardiovascular Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury

Cardiovascular Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury

The development of pediatric cardiac surgical programs has had a profound effect on the s- cialty of pediatric critical care medicine, and as a result, the ? eld of pediatric cardiac intensive care is rapidly emerging as a separate subspecialty of pediatric critical care medicine. The ability to provide care for the critically ill child with congenital heart disease clearly separates pediatric intensivists from our adult colleagues. A thorough understanding and knowledge of the unique physiology of the child with congenital heart disease are therefore absolutely crucial for anyone working in the pediatric intensive care unit. Once again, we would like to dedicate this textbook to our families and to the physicians and nurses who provide steadfast care every day in pe- atric intensive care units across the globe. Derek S. Wheeler Hector R. Wong Thomas P. Shanley v Preface to Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence The ? eld of critical care medicine is growing at a tremendous pace, and tremendous advances in the understanding of critical illness have been realized in the last decade. My family has directly bene? ted from some of the technological and scienti? c advances made in the care of critically ill children. My son Ryan was born during my third year of medical school. By some peculiar happenstance, I was nearing completion of a 4-week rotation in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU).

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Basic Science And Clinical Evidence

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

“Pediatric Critical Care Medicine” spans two volumes, with major sections dedicated to specific organ systems. Each major section consists of separate chapters dedicated to reviewing the specific disease processes affecting each organ system. Each chapter concludes with a comprehensive list of references, with brief, concise remarks denoting references of ‘special interest' and ‘of interest'. Consequently, the book is unique in its comprehensive coverage of pediatric critical care and its ease of use, and will be of value to those studying towards pediatric critical care examinations and those who are already qualified.

The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury

The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury

The principal role of the respiratory system is to permit ef? cient exchange of respiratory gases (O and CO ) with the environment. The respiratory system is unique in that it is constantly 2 2 exposed to a barrage of foreign substances from both the internal environment (at any one point in time, approximately one-half of the cardiac output is received by the lungs) and the external environment (with each breath, the respiratory tract is exposed to pollens, viruses, bacteria, smoke, etc). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, diseases of the res- ratory system were the seventh and eighth leading causes of deaths in children aged 1 to 19 years in 2003 [1]. Dr. George A. Gregory, one of the founding fathers of pediatric critical care me- cine, once estimated that acute respiratory failure accounts for nearly 50% of all admissions to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) [2]. Just as important are the many diseases that affect the respiratory system that are not associated with acute respiratory failure, but nevertheless constitute a major portion of the practice of pediatric critical care medicine, some of which account for signi? cant morbidity and mortality [3]. Once again, we would like to dedicate this textbook to our families and to the physicians and nurses who provide steadfast care every day in pediatric intensive care units across the globe. Derek S. Wheeler Hector R. Wong Thomas P.

The Central Nervous System in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury

The Central Nervous System in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury

Neurologic emergencies are a common reason for admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). A thorough understanding of the diseases and disorders affecting the pediatric central nervous system is vital for any physician or healthcare provider working in the PICU. In the following pages, an international panel of experts provides an in-depth discussion on the res- citation, stabilization, and ongoing care of the critically ill or injured child with central nervous system dysfunction. Once again, we would like to dedicate this textbook to our families and to the physicians and nurses who provide steadfast care every day in pediatric intensive care units across the globe. Derek S. Wheeler Hector R. Wong Thomas P. Shanley v Preface to Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence The ? eld of critical care medicine is growing at a tremendous pace, and tremendous advances in the understanding of critical illness have been realized in the last decade. My family has directly bene? ted from some of the technological and scienti? c advances made in the care of critically ill children. My son Ryan was born during my third year of medical school. By some peculiar happenstance, I was nearing completion of a 4-week rotation in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU).

Pediatric Critical Care E-Book

Pediatric Critical Care E-Book

Still the #1 resource for today’s pediatric ICU teams, Pediatric Critical Care, 5th Edition covers the entire field, from basic science to cutting-edge clinical applications. Drs. Bradley P. Fuhrman and Jerry J. Zimmerman, accompanied by an expert team of editors and contributors from around the world, bring you today’s best information on the current and future landscape of pediatric critical care so you can consistently deliver optimum care to your young patients. Boasts highly readable, concise chapters with hundreds of useful photos, diagrams, algorithms, and clinical pearls. Clear, logical, organ-system approach allows you to focus on the development, function, and treatment of a wide range of disease entities. Includes new content on the expanding use of ultrasound at the bedside and the increase in nursing responsibilities in the PICU. Eighteen new chapters cover topics such as delirium, metabolism, endocrinology, nutrition, nursing, and much more. Features expanded and updated information on critical communication, professionalism, long-term outcomes, palliative care, ultrasonography, PCCM in resource-limited settings, ventilator-induced lung injury, non-invasive ventilation, updated CNS pathophysiology, the ‘Erythron’, and immunity and infection.

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics of North America, E-Book

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics of North America, E-Book

The topics in this issue represent the most current research areas of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN). The CPCCRN is a national pediatric critical care research network that is charged with investigating the efficacy of treatment and management strategies to care for critically ill and injured children, as well as to better understand the pathophysiological basis of critical illness and injury in childhood. The proposed authors are past and present principal and co-investigators affiliated with the CPCCRN; the proposed topics represent the individual author’s area of clinical and research expertise. Each review article is an up-to-date review of the topic relevant to practicing clinicians and trainees in critical care medicine, with incorporation of the most recently published research findings pertinent to the topic, some of which may be the author’s own. The specific articles are devoted to the following topics: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pediatric and cardiac ICU; Approach to the critically ill pediatric trauma patient; Transfusion Decision Making in Pediatric Critical Illness; Pathophysiology and management of ARDS in children; Ventilator associate pneumonias in critically ill children; Mechanical ventilation and decision support in pediatric intensive care; Inflammation, pathobiology, phenotypes and sepsis: From meningococcemia to H1N1-MRSA, to Ebola; Immune paralysis in pediatric critical care; Molecular biology of critical illness; Sedation in pediatric critical illness; Delirium in pediatric critical illness; Challenges of drug development in pediatric intensive care; Potential of All Steroid Hormone Subclasses as Adjunctive Treatment for Sepsis; Morbidity: Changing the outcome paradigm; and End-of-Life and Bereavement Care in Pediatric Intensive Care Units.

Pediatric Critical Care Study Guide

Text and Review

Pediatric Critical Care Study Guide

This is the first comprehensive study guide covering all aspects of pediatric critical care medicine. It fills a void that exists in learning resources currently available to pediatric critical care practitioners. The major textbooks are excellent references, but do not allow concise reading on specific topics and are not intended to act as both text and study guide. There are also several handbooks available, but these are usually written for general pediatric residents and lack the advanced physiology and pathophysiology required for the higher level pediatric critical care practitioner

Science and Practice of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Science and Practice of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

The ? eld of critical care medicine is in the midst of a dramatic change. Technological and s- enti? c advances during the last decade have resulted in a fundamental change in the way we view disease processes, such as sepsis, shock, acute lung injury, and traumatic brain injury. Pediatric intensivists have been both witness to and active participants in bringing about these changes. As the understanding of the pathogenesis of these diseases reaches the cellular and molecular levels, the gap between critical care medicine and molecular biology will disappear. It is imperative that all physicians caring for critically ill children in this new era have a th- ough understanding of the applicability of molecular biology to the care of these patients at the bedside in order to keep up with the rapidly evolving ? eld of critical care medicine. To the same extent, the practice of critical care medicine is in the midst of fundamental change. In keeping with the Institute of Medicine’s report “Crossing the Quality Chasm,” the care of critically ill and injured children needs to be safe, evidence-based, equitable, ef? cient, timely, and fami- centered [1,2]. In the following pages, these changes in our specialty are discussed in greater scope and detail, offering the reader fresh insight into not only where we came from, but also where we are going as a specialty.

Physiotherapy for Respiratory and Cardiac Problems

Adults and Paediatrics

Physiotherapy for Respiratory and Cardiac Problems

Now in it’s fourth edition, Physiotherapy for Respiratory and Cardiac Problems continues to be an essential textbook and reference source for undergraduate and postgraduate students, and for the clinician working with patients with cardiac and respiratory problems. It strengths lie in integrating the evidence with clinical practice and in covering the whole patient lifespan - infants, children, adolescents and adults. new chapters on: critical care, surgery, and psychological aspects of care expanded evidence for clinical practice case studies multi-contributed chapters written by internationally recognised experts extensively revised text with new illustrations and photographs comprehensive reference lists which directs the reader to further sources of information Part of the Physiotherapy Essentials series - core textbooks for both students and lecturers Online image bank now available! Log on to http://evolve.elsevier.com/Pryor/physiotherapy and type in your unique pincode for access to over 300 downloadable images

Pediatric Critical Care

A Primer for All Clinicians

Pediatric Critical Care

Pediatric critical care is an emotionally and intellectually demanding field of medicine; however, it is at its core the discipline focused on saving and improving the lives of children affected by acute and chronic illnesses, injuries, and toxicities. The heart of any successful pediatric critical care program is the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary care provided by pediatric intensivists and their team of specialized co-workers including pediatric critical care nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, social workers, and nutritionists working in concert with the pediatric ICU (PICU). It is this interplay between clinical specialists that ensures children are afforded cutting-edge, technologically complex, holistic, and age-appropriate care, while at the same time ensuring that the needs of both the child and the family are addressed. Additionally, critical care medicine encompasses the extremes of all pediatric medicine and as such those charged with caring for children in the PICU must be well versed in all areas of pediatric medicine, as well as prepared for any contingency or emergency. Caring for sick children both within and outside of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) requires an understanding of how pediatric physiology differs from that of adults. Recognizing a deteriorating child and stabilizing that patient rapidly is a requisite skill that every clinician charged with caring for children must master. This practical handbook is written for all clinicians who care for children with acute illness, and who may need to assess and stabilize a deteriorating child before transfer to the PICU. Specifically, chapters provide helpful insights for all levels of pediatric providers including pediatric critical care and general care nurses, advanced practice nurses, medical students, pediatric residents, residents from other disciplines who rotate through PICU, pediatric hospitalists, and emergency physicians who care for children. In addition to covering PICU-specific topics such as mechanical ventilation and procedural sedation, this handbook also includes guidance in the initial resuscitation, management and stabilization of children with impending critical illness or those at risk for acute deterioration. Management of life-threatening situations that are specifically included in this book include respiratory failure, cardiovascular failure, electrolyte derangements, diabetic ketoacidosis, burn injuries, status epilepticus, status asthmaticus, toxic ingestions, and sepsis, among many others.