Beyond Choices

In Beyond Choices, Miguel Sicart calls for a new generation of video and computer games that are ethically relevant by design.

Beyond Choices

How computer games can be designed to create ethically relevant experiences for players. Today's blockbuster video games—and their never-ending sequels, sagas, and reboots—provide plenty of excitement in high-resolution but for the most part fail to engage a player's moral imagination. In Beyond Choices, Miguel Sicart calls for a new generation of video and computer games that are ethically relevant by design. In the 1970s, mainstream films—including The Godfather, Apocalypse Now, Raging Bull, and Taxi Driver—filled theaters but also treated their audiences as thinking beings. Why can't mainstream video games have the same moral and aesthetic impact? Sicart argues that it is time for games to claim their place in the cultural landscape as vehicles for ethical reflection. Sicart looks at games in many manifestations: toys, analog games, computer and video games, interactive fictions, commercial entertainments, and independent releases. Drawing on philosophy, design theory, literary studies, aesthetics, and interviews with game developers, Sicart provides a systematic account of how games can be designed to challenge and enrich our moral lives. After discussing such topics as definition of ethical gameplay and the structure of the game as a designed object, Sicart offers a theory of the design of ethical game play. He also analyzes the ethical aspects of game play in a number of current games, including Spec Ops: The Line, Beautiful Escape: Dungeoneer, Fallout New Vegas, and Anna Anthropy's Dys4Ia. Games are designed to evoke specific emotions; games that engage players ethically, Sicart argues, enable us to explore and express our values through play.

Beyond Health Beyond Choice

Beyond. Health,. Beyond. Choice: New. Ways. Forward. in. Public. Health. The
collected chapters in this work make it clear that pushing women to breastfeed for
health reasons alone is a weak strategy. Such encouragement does not address
 ...

Beyond Health  Beyond Choice

Current public health promotion of breastfeeding relies heavily on health messaging and individual behavior change. Women are told that “breast is best” but too little serious attention is given to addressing the many social, economic, and political factors that combine to limit women’s real choice to breastfeed beyond a few days or weeks. The result: women’s, infants’, and public health interests are undermined. Beyond Health, Beyond Choice examines how feminist perspectives can inform public health support for breastfeeding. Written by authors from diverse disciplines, perspectives, and countries, this collection of essays is arranged thematically and considers breastfeeding in relation to public health and health care; work and family; embodiment (specifically breastfeeding in public); economic and ethnic factors; guilt; violence; and commercialization. By examining women’s experiences and bringing feminist insights to bear on a public issue, the editors attempt to reframe the discussion to better inform public health approaches and political action. Doing so can help us recognize the value of breastfeeding for the public’s health and the important productive and reproductive contributions women make to the world.

Death a Practical Guide to the Choices That Lie Beyond

This book is written to help all of us better understand the choices that lie beyond.
When my sister—in—law, Kathy Grindrod, died an early death, she knew that
death was coming and thought that she had made all of the arrangements ...

Death   a Practical Guide to the Choices That Lie Beyond

Death...A Practical Guide to the choices that Lie Beyond answers the questions that should be asked now. This guide will provide practical, applicable information, along with sample forms, to help you make clear decisions about the many choices that lie beyond.

Beyond Therapy

If so, these changes in attitude might well carry over beyond choices confined to
the presence or absence of genetic diseases, to the presence or absence of
other desired qualities. Far from producing contentment and gratitude in the
parents, ...

Beyond Therapy

Undertakes a fundamental inquiry into the human and moral significance of developments in biomedical and behavioral science and technology. Seeks to facilitate a greater understanding of bioethical issues.

Amartya Sen and Rational Choice

All of them could have become lasting aspects of the alternative theory of choice
he develops after 1973, but only ... so the move from choices to preferences just
described proves Sen's point that we must move beyond choices and hold them ...

Amartya Sen and Rational Choice

Are human beings motivated exclusively by self-interest? The orthodox theory of rational choice in economics thinks that they are. Amartya Sen disagrees, and his concept commitment is central to his vision of an alternative to mainstream rational choice theory. This book examines commitment as it has evolved in Sen's critique of orthodox rational choice theory. The in-depth focus on commitment reveals subtleties in the concept itself as well as in its relationships with other concepts which Sen develops in his critique of rational choice theory, for example preference, sympathy, weakness of will, agency, personhood, social norms, rights, self-welfare goal and self-goal choice. The book provides a comprehensive understanding of commitment and offers novel interpretations of the term as a way of strengthening its plausibility. Broadly in support of Sen’s conceptualization of rational choice, the book nevertheless reveals ambiguities and weaknesses in Sen’s conceptual framework, and it reformulates Sen’s concepts when doing so strengthens the claims he makes. The book also engages with critics of Sen and argues for the importance of commitment as a component in the theory of rational choice.

Transfers and the Transition from Socialism

The Role Of Transfers In The Transition And Beyond: Choices And Tradeoffs
Most formerly socialist countries had large transfers under socialism and are
relying heavily on transfers in the transition, with growing explicit transfers in
Eastern ...

Transfers and the Transition from Socialism


Benefits and Beyond

Demographics of the workforce, health care expenses of the employee group,
and the health care market where the employer does business will affect the
types of plan choices offered. Also, deductibles, office co-pays, and coinsurance
will ...

Benefits and Beyond

Benefits and Beyond: A Comprehensive and Strategic Approach to Retirement, Health Care, and More provides readers with a variety of interdisciplinary principles and tools, including labor economics, human resources strategy, tax policy, metrics, and actuarial science. Rather than training students in the details of current benefits offerings, this text prepares students to deal with the future evolution of benefit designs and policy. Numerous cases, examples, and exercises engage readers and help them master the content.

Beyond Silenced Voices

Choices,. Not. Closets: Heterosexism. and. Homophobia. in. Schools. I'm 17 and
a senior in high school. I'm not "out" to everyone at school, but I am to most of my
friends and my folks. My parents and friends have been terrific. A lot of my ...

Beyond Silenced Voices

This book addresses race, class, and gender in education in the United States. It debates the issues of institutionalized power and privilege, and the policies, discourses, and practices that silence powerless groups. At the center of the silence are the most critical and powerful voices of all -- children and adolescents with their relentless desire to be heard and to survive. Weis and Fine go beyond examining policies, discourse, and practices to call up the voices of young people who have been expelled from the centers of their schools and our culture to speak as interpreters of adolescent culture -- among them, lesbian and gay students who have been assaulted in their schools; adolescent women burying their political and personal resistances the moment their bodies "fill out;" young men and women struggling for identities amid the radically transforming conditions of late twentieth-century capitalism; and Native American college students almost wholly excluded from the academic conversation.