Release on 2014-10-28 | by Andrè de Almeida,Fabrizio Ceciliani,David Eckersall,Ingrid Miller,Jenny Renaut,Paola Roncada,Romana Turk
Proceedings of the 5th Management Committee Meeting and 4th Meeting of Working Groups 1,2 & 3 of COST Action FA 1002
Author: Andrè de Almeida,Fabrizio Ceciliani,David Eckersall,Ingrid Miller,Jenny Renaut,Paola Roncada,Romana Turk
Pubpsher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Category: Technology & Engineering
Proteomics is the large-scale study of the proteome, i.e. a set of proteins being expressed in a certain fluid, tissue, organ or organism. The value of this advanced technology is being recognised in farm animal and veterinary sciences from ‘farm to fork’. The potential of proteomics is unequivocal in holding a significant promise in applications such as vaccine and drug development, physiology, toxicology, animal product quality and food safety. Proteomics has been growing steadily during the last 3-4 years and, as time goes by, proteomics-based studies are more and more common, not just to scientists but to the general public as well, unravelling the full potential of this innovative technology. This book reflects the will of a group of multi-disciplinary scientists that merge innovation with excellence of research and to whom the dissemination of knowledge and discovery through cooperation is a key point. It is of interest to scientists at the early stages of their careers as well as to researchers well established in the field and to whom proteomics may be the necessary next step towards more in-depth research activities. By providing a collection of diverse scientific interests, 'Farm Animal Proteomics 2014' demonstrates the vitality of the area and the importance it holds to animal and food research, to science, industry, government agencies, the consumer and ultimately the society as a whole.
Release on 2011-05-02 | by D. Sauvant,J. van Milgen,P. Faverdin,N. Friggens
Author: D. Sauvant,J. van Milgen,P. Faverdin,N. Friggens
Pubpsher: Springer Science & Business Media
For more than 30 years, modelling has been an important method for integrating, in a flexible, comprehensive and widely applicable way, basic knowledge and biological concepts on digestion and metabolism in farm animals. The purpose of this book is to present the 'state of art' in this area. The chapters are written by leading teams and researchers in this field of study, mainly from Europe, North America and Australasia. Considerable progress has been made in topics dealing with: modelling methods, feeding behaviour, digestion and metabolic processes in ruminants and monogastric animals. This progress is clearly illustrated by the emergence of a new paradigm in animal nutrition, which has moved from the aim to cover the requirements of the animal to explaining and predicting the responses of the animals to diets (e.g., productivity and efficiency, impact on quality of products, environmental aspects, health and well-being). In this book several chapters illustrate that through empirical models, meta-analysis is an efficient tool to synthesize information gathered over recent decades. In addition, compared with other books on modelling farm animal nutrition, two new aspects received particular attention: expanding knowledge of the individual animal to understanding the functioning and management of herds, and the consideration of the environmental impact of animal production. This book is a valuable source of information for researchers, nutritionists, advisors, and graduate students who want to have up-to-date and concise information on mathematical modelling applied to farm animals.
Livestock production systems are the result of an interaction between domestic animals and the environment, modulated by man, that dates back to Neolithic times. As a consequence of this interaction among the wide diversity of animal resources, natural habitats and population needs, very different farming systems have developed across the Mediterranean Basin. Understanding the mechanisms and effects of these relationships is key to design the farming systems best adapted to each condition, guaranteeing an adequate balance between target animal production and environmental outcomes provided by these systems. This is indeed a multidimensional topic, influenced by animal genetics, feeding resources, flock management, and economic and social aspects inside and outside the household. Therefore, this book focuses on the basis of the animal-environment interactions and the impact of human activities on the type and magnitude of these interactions. In this context, the issue of sustainability of livestock production is evaluated considering economic, social and environmental aspects. This book contributes to upgrade the state of the art in Mediterranean conditions, providing indicators and procedures of application across a wide range of systems, and hence of interest for researchers, students and professionals concerned with livestock production and the environment.
Embracing a wide range of disciplines, including physiology, biochemistry, veterinary medicine and feed technology, this book covers every type of farm animal found in both developing and developed countries, including cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens, goats, horses, fish, deer, buffaloes, rabbits and camelids, as well as ducks, turkeys, ostriches and other birds. The encyclopedia contains approximately 2000 entries from 90 contributors. These entries range from short definitions to more discursive articles, all entries are fully cross-referenced to aid further research.
Release on 2012-06-07 | by Pedro Rodrigues,David Eckersall,André de Almeida
Proceedings of the 3rd Managing Committee Meeting and 2nd Meeting of Working Groups 1, 2 & 3 of COST Action FA1002
Author: Pedro Rodrigues,David Eckersall,André de Almeida
Pubpsher: Springer Science & Business Media
Proteomics is a field with growing interest in almost every area of life sciences. Proteomic techniques, along with potential and obtained results have long been key components of biomedical and pharmaceutical research. In agriculture, animal and veterinary research however, use of proteomics is still limited, despite the large number of potential applications. As a result, there is a pressing need for wider use and dissemination of proteomics in animal and veterinary science research. This book meets this need by bridging the gap between experts in the technology of proteomics and those at the forefront of research into many facets of animal physiology and pathophysiology. The book encompasses a wide range of topics: from muscle and meat proteomics to acute phase proteins and proteomics in aquaculture, to name but a few. The book summarily presents the state of the art in farm animal proteomics research in Europe, providing readers with interesting examples of the applications of this set of advanced technologies as well as useful contact details of colleagues with expertise in the field. The book will be of interest to scientists at the cutting edge of animal and veterinary research who are currently, or are considering, analytical investigation and identification of protein in animal tissue and in pathogens in health and disease. Furthermore the book will provide an insight for proteomic specialists in demonstrating the breadth of applications that their technology can have in animal and food research.
Release on 2004-01-15 | by Susan L. Fubini,Norm Ducharme
Author: Susan L. Fubini,Norm Ducharme
Pubpsher: Elsevier Health Sciences
This is the only resource of its kind that provides practical field-tested surgical procedures for farm animals. Many procedures can safely be performed in the field as standing surgery using portable chutes that help keep the animals immobilized. Coverage includes key information on patient preparation, anesthesia concerns, fluid therapy, imaging options, and postoperative management. This is the only book covering surgery of all these species of farm animals: cattle, goats, sheep, and swine More than 500 figures clearly illustrate common disorders, techniques, and equipment for large animal surgery Step-by-step surgical guidelines cover various procedures for each species by body system Up-to-date, practical information on key surgical techniques and equipment Uniquely qualified authors and contributors are experts in the field of large animal surgery
Release on 2012-12-06 | by J.F. Roche,D. O'Callaghan
A Seminar in the CEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Beef Production, held in Brussels December 13–14, 1982
Author: J.F. Roche,D. O'Callaghan
Pubpsher: Springer Science & Business Media
In some countries, especially on the European continent, there still exists a remarkable veal market. This type of meat production seems, irrespective of any economic forecasts, to remain unchallenged so long as consumers expect that restaurants should offer courses like "r6ti de veaux", "vitello a la casa" or "Kalbsschnitzel". Producers, at least since about the past 1-/2 decades, have been aware of the beneficial effect of anabolic agents in veal production. This is possible due to the lack of endogenous sexual hormones during the juvenile or prepuberal status of these animals. A discussion about the benefit / risk - evaluation in connection with the use of anabolic agents in general was promoted in recent years by the public. This concern occurred concomitantly with the detection of illegally treated veal calves and the occurrence of diethylstilbestrol (DES) residues in canned food containing veal. The aim of this paper is to summarize the present status of residue data in edible tissues and excreta in order to allow the evaluation of the risk (given in the paper of Hoffmann within this program) and to consider reasonable monitoring measures. We have to face the fact that without an efficient control system the illegal treatment of calves can not be excluded. Therefore, this paper will not only consider different compounds and formulations, but will also deal with practised routes of administration.
Release on 1998-01-01 | by K. J. McCracken,Unsworth E. F.,A. R. G. Wylie
Proceedings of the 14th Symposium on Energy Metabolism, Newcastle, Co. Down, Northern Ireland, 14-20 September 1997
Author: K. J. McCracken,Unsworth E. F.,A. R. G. Wylie
Pubpsher: C A B International
The Proceedings of the 14th Symposium on Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, held in Northern Ireland in September 1997, comprises 85 original contributions by leading scientists from over 20 countries around the world. In keeping with previous Symposia in the series, held under the auspices of the European Association for Animal Production, this book contains papers which provide the latest research on the energy metabolism and other aspects of the physiology of a wide variety of farmed animals. Highlights include a comprehensive review of the current state of research on leptins and their potential applications in animal production, and a large section relating to organ and tissue metabolism, with major contributions from the USA, UK, France, Germany and Denmark. An important strength of the book is the diversity of species covered. For example, the sections on modelling and feed evaluation relate to pigs, sows, broiler chickens, laying hens, turkeys, lambs, beef and dairy cattle and fish. There are also substantial contributions on lactation and reproduction, growth, environmental aspects and maintenance. This book is essential reading for research workers in animal science, particularly those concerned with nutrition and feed evaluation.
Key features: Stresses safety in handling, restraint, and containment of animals Covers handling and restraint of all domestic and common tamed animals and provides information on normal animal behavior and welfare Discusses how to recognize signs in animals of poor handling and containment Reviews zoonotic disease risks to animal handlers, particularly from normal-appearing animals, and how to avoid transmission of disease Features over 200 informative line drawings for clarity and simplicity of illustration Explains how to tie useful knots and hitches and when to use them for restraint Includes basic ethical considerations and legal liabilities of animal handling and containment Presents steps to prevent animal escapes, barn fires, and problems with transport Authored by an experienced veterinary educator in clinical medicine for veterinarians, veterinary students, pre-veterinary students, veterinary technicians and technologists, animal scientists, and animal owners Proper handling and restraint are essential to the welfare of captive animals, allowing them to be examined, groomed and treated in ways that contribute to their optimum quantity and quality of life. The aim of the book is to prepare future or current veterinarians and veterinary technologists, technicians/nurses, and assistants to be able to handle animals more safely and gain the confidence of animals and their owners. In turn, they will be able to instruct owners in proper animal handling methods, reducing the risk of physical injury or mutual infectious diseases. Throughout the book, the author emphasises that each animal is an individual and each handling environment provides its own advantages and disadvantages: handling an animal safely, humanely and efficiently requires practical knowledge of the species’ normal behaviour. This is explored in detail in each of the species-based chapters, which cover proper handling of domestic household and laboratory animals, as well as farm and ranch animals where safe handling aids the producer in both humane practice and greater profitability. After reading this book, the practitioner or student will be versed in the most basic part of the art of veterinary medicine: the safe handling of animals.
Around 60 billion animals are bred for food each year worldwide and more than a billion are transported, often over long distances, every week. However, awareness and understanding of animal welfare, the factors that affect it and the correlation between it and other issues such as food safety and quality are increasing. Long distance transport can cause both physical and mental problems in animals and promoting animal welfare will be beneficial to both the animals and the agricultural and processing industries. In conjunction with a global coalition of NGOs working on animal transport and welfare, this volume brings together studies from well known animal scientists and researchers to review the implications and necessity of long distance animal transport for slaughter. Authoritative reports on regional practices are combined with discussions of the science, economics, legislation and procedures involved in this practice. This review will be essential for researchers and professionals within animal production and welfare as well as veterinary science.