why information grows the evolution of order from atoms to economies

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Why Information Grows

Author : Cesar Hidalgo
ISBN : 9780465039715
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40. 75 MB
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"Hidalgo has made a bold attempt to synthesize a large body of cutting-edge work into a readable, slender volume. This is the future of growth theory." --Financial Times What is economic growth? And why, historically, has it occurred in only a few places? Previous efforts to answer these questions have focused on institutions, geography, finances, and psychology. But according to MIT's antidisciplinarian César Hidalgo, understanding the nature of economic growth demands transcending the social sciences and including the natural sciences of information, networks, and complexity. To understand the growth of economies, Hidalgo argues, we first need to understand the growth of order. At first glance, the universe seems hostile to order. Thermodynamics dictates that over time, order-or information-disappears. Whispers vanish in the wind just like the beauty of swirling cigarette smoke collapses into disorderly clouds. But thermodynamics also has loopholes that promote the growth of information in pockets. Although cities are all pockets where information grows, they are not all the same. For every Silicon Valley, Tokyo, and Paris, there are dozens of places with economies that accomplish little more than pulling rocks out of the ground. So, why does the US economy outstrip Brazil's, and Brazil's that of Chad? Why did the technology corridor along Boston's Route 128 languish while Silicon Valley blossomed? In each case, the key is how people, firms, and the networks they form make use of information. Seen from Hidalgo's vantage, economies become distributed computers, made of networks of people, and the problem of economic development becomes the problem of making these computers more powerful. By uncovering the mechanisms that enable the growth of information in nature and society, Why Information Grows lays bear the origins of physical order and economic growth. Situated at the nexus of information theory, physics, sociology, and economics, this book propounds a new theory of how economies can do not just more things, but more interesting things.

Web Content Management

Author : Deane Barker
ISBN : 9781491908105
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62. 51 MB
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Looking to select a web content management system (CMS), but confused about the promises, terminology, and buzzwords? Do you want to understand content management without having to dive into the underlying programming? This book provides a clear, unbiased overview of the entire CMS ecosystem—from platforms to implementations—in a language- and platform-agnostic manner for project managers, executives, and new developers alike. Author Deane Barker, a CMS consultant with almost two decades of experience, helps you explore many different systems, technologies, and platforms. By the end of the book, you’ll have the knowledge necessary to make decisions about features, architectures, and implementation methods to ensure that your project solves the right problems. Learn what content is, how to compare different systems, and what the roles of a CMS team are Understand how a modern CMS models and aggregates content, coordinates workflow, and manages assets Explore the scope and structure of a CMS implementation project Learn the process and best practices for successfully running your CMS implementation Examine the practice of migrating web content, and learn how to work with an external CMS integrator

Social Evolution Political Psychology And The Media In Democracy

Author : Peter Beattie
ISBN : 9783030028015
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39. 87 MB
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This book analyzes why we believe what we believe about politics, and how the answer affects the way democracy functions. It does so by applying social evolution theory to the relationship between the news media and politics, using the United States as its primary example. This includes a critical review and integration of the insights of a broad array of research, from evolutionary theory and political psychology to the political economy of media. The result is an empirically driven political theory on the media’s role in democracy: what role it currently plays, what role it should play, and how it can be reshaped to be more appropriate for its structural role in democracy.

Information Modelling And Knowledge Bases Xxviii

Author : H. Jaakkola
ISBN : 9781614997207
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 81 MB
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Information modelling and knowledge bases are now essential, not only to academics working in computer science, but also wherever information technology is applied. This book presents papers from the 26th International Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (formerly the European Japanese Conference – EJC), which took place in Tampere, Finland, in June 2016. The conference provides a platform to bring together researchers and practitioners working with information modelling and knowledge bases, and the 33 accepted papers cover topics including: conceptual modelling; knowledge and information modelling and discovery; linguistic modelling; cross-cultural communication and social computing; environmental modelling and engineering; and multimedia data modelling and systems. All papers were improved and resubmitted for publication after the conference. Covering state-of-the-art research and practice, the book will be of interest to all those whose work involves information modelling and knowledge bases.

On The Origin Of Species Arabic Edition

Author : Charles Darwin
ISBN : 1519231261
Genre :
File Size : 60. 9 MB
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Author : Richard E. Nisbett
ISBN : 9990601534
Genre : Cognition and culture
File Size : 29. 23 MB
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Author : ألدوس هكسلي/مروة سامى/-
ISBN : 9789776539105
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 45. 69 MB
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بناية رمادية منخفضة ، لا تزيد عن أربعة و ثلاثين طابقاً فقط كُتبت على مدخلها الرئيسى عبارة : ( مركز وسط لندن للتفريخ و التكييف ) ، و كُتب على درع شعار الدولة العالمية : (المجتمع ، و الهوية، و الاستقرار) تُواجه قاعة الطابق الأرضي الفسيحة جهة الشمال ، ممًا يجعلها باردة طوال الصيف ، وراء ألواح النوافذ الزجاجية ، على النقيض من جو الغرفة الاستوائي ، واخترق شعاع رفيع ثاقب النافذة يبحث بنهم عن جسد متدثر ملقى

Author : Elizabeth Gilbert
ISBN : 9953876029
Genre : Travel writers
File Size : 26. 13 MB
Format : PDF
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Author : فيكتور هوجو
ISBN : 9789776127111
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 50 MB
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رواية البؤساء من أشهر روايات القرن التاسع عشر وفيها رصد فيكتور هوجو الحياة الإجتماعية التى عاشها الفرنسيون خلال الفترة بين سقوط نابليون فى عام 1918 والثورة التى حُكم عليها بالفشل ضد الملك لويس فيليب فى عام 1832

L Evoluzione Dell Ordine

Author : César Hidalgo
ISBN : 9788833975061
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 73 MB
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«Potrebbe essere un cambiamento di paradigma del pensiero economico». Scott Page, docente di Sistemi complessi, Scienze politiche e Economia, University of Michigan «Con stile accessibile e divertente, Hidalgo riesce a sintetizzare un imponente corpo di conoscenze d’avanguardia in un libro snello e leggibile. È il futuro della teoria della crescita e questo stimolante volume merita senz’altro di essere letto». Financial Times Il paradosso della crescita economica è da sempre appalto di sociologi, economisti e psicologi. Il motivo per cui le economie crescono nel tempo è stato a lungo indagato da queste discipline con risultati alterni, spesso politicamente ben connotati. Esistono molti libri che tentano di dare conto della continua crescita economica, cercando di spiegare anche perché risulti distribuita in maniera disuguale sul territorio, ma finora il problema non era mai stato aggredito dal lato delle scienze naturali e in particolare della fisica. È proprio questo che fa in questo libro – in maniera del tutto originale – César Hidalgo. Mette da parte la sociologia e si concentra sui concetti di informazione, rete, entropia e complessità, che sono argomenti squisitamente fisico-matematici e forniscono una lettura alternativa e affascinante dell’intera questione della crescita economica. Per capire come facciano le economie a crescere continuamente, ci dice in definitiva Hidalgo, conviene prima capire come si è evoluto l’ordine nel cosmo. A prima vista l’Universo sembrerebbe ostile all’ordine. La fisica dice che l’entropia cresce col tempo e che il disordine (ovvero il caos) finirà col regnare sovrano. Tuttavia c’è la possibilità che si creino dei cortocircuiti, delle condizioni particolari nelle quali, in luoghi un po’ speciali, l’ordine cresce localmente. La Terra – e la vita su di essa – è appunto uno di questi luoghi molto speciali. E sulla Terra ci sono a loro volta luoghi, come la Silicon Valley dei nostri giorni, ancora più speciali, nei quali l’ordine cresce a un ritmo serrato, ben maggiore che altrove. Perché non analizzare questo fenomeno con gli strumenti della fisica e della matematica? Vista in questa prospettiva, la crescita economica diventa un problema di reti di persone e di conoscenze; un problema fisico, in ultima istanza. Noi umani siamo in grado di generare ordine a dispetto dell’entropia, generare informazione, incrementarla, farla crescere. Sembra che andiamo contro le leggi di natura, ma non è così: in realtà le sfruttiamo a nostro vantaggio. L’evoluzione dell’ordine si situa così al crocevia tra la teoria dell’informazione, la fisica, la sociologia e l’economia, adombrando una nuova teoria economica che potrebbe indicarci non solo come fare di più, ma anche come farlo meglio.

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