why do linguistics

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Why Do Linguistics

Author : Fiona English
ISBN : 9781441123091
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 25. 59 MB
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What do we need to know about language and why do we need to know it? This book shows how viewing the world through a linguistics lens can help us to understand how we communicate with each other and why we do it in the ways we do. Above all this book is about noticing. It is about encouraging readers to pay attention to the language that surrounds them. The book addresses fundamental linguistic questions such as: Where do people's beliefs about language come from? Who decides what language we should speak? How do we choose the best way to express what we mean? It introduces a set of practical tools for language analysis and, using examples of authentic communicative activity including overheard conversations, Facebook posts and public announcements, shows how this kind of analysis works and what it can tell us about social interaction. Exploring language and language use from a social, intercultural and multilingual perspective, the authors demonstrate the relevance of linguistics in understanding day-to-day interaction. This book will help readers not only to become informed, active observers of language for its own sake, but also to be able to take on and challenge some of the misconceptions, assumptions and prejudices that so often underlie public discussion of language issues.

Linguistic Simplicity And Complexity

Author : John H. McWhorter
ISBN : 9781934078372
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72. 47 MB
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In John McWhorter s Defining Creole anthology of 2005, his collected articles conveyed the following theme: His hypothesis that creole languages are definable not just in the sociohistorical sense, but in the grammatical sense. His publications since the 1990s have argued that all languages of the world that lack a certain three traits together are creoles (i.e. born as pidgins a few hundred years ago and fleshed out into real languages). He also argued that in light of their pidgin birth, such languages are less grammatically complex than others, as the result of their recent birth as pidgins. These two claims have been highly controversial among creolists as well as other linguists. In this volume, Linguistic Simplicityand Complexity, McWhorter gathers articles he has written since then, in the wake of responses from a wide range of creolists and linguists. These articles represent a considerable divergence in direction from his earlier work."

How To Do Linguistics With R

Author : Natalia Levshina
ISBN : 9789027268457
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89. 19 MB
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This book provides a linguist with a statistical toolkit for exploration and analysis of linguistic data. It employs R, a free software environment for statistical computing, which is increasingly popular among linguists. How to do Linguistics with R: Data exploration and statistical analysis is unique in its scope, as it covers a wide range of classical and cutting-edge statistical methods, including different flavours of regression analysis and ANOVA, random forests and conditional inference trees, as well as specific linguistic approaches, among which are Behavioural Profiles, Vector Space Models and various measures of association between words and constructions. The statistical topics are presented comprehensively, but without too much technical detail, and illustrated with linguistic case studies that answer non-trivial research questions. The book also demonstrates how to visualize linguistic data with the help of attractive informative graphs, including the popular ggplot2 system and Google visualization tools. This book has a companion website: http://doi.org/10.1075/z.195.website

Kontaktlinguistik Contact Linguistics Linguistique De Contact 1 Halbband

Author : Hans Goebl
ISBN : 9783110194050
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41. 10 MB
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Der seit 30 Jahren immer häufiger verwendete Terminus "Kontaktlinguistik" bezeichnet ein multidisziplinäres Forschungsgebiet, das - eingebunden in den Gesamtrahmen der Linguistik - auf die Mitberücksichtigung zahlreicher soziologischer, psychologischer, ethnologischer, geographischer, historischer, politischer und anthroplogischer Sehweisen angewiesen ist. Die Herausgeber des Handbuchs verstehen unter Kontaktlinguistik eine von Linguisten aller Fachrichtungen gegenüber dem Phänomen des sozialen Kontakts zweier oder mehrerer natürlicher Einzelsprachen eingenommene Forschungshaltung und die daraus sich ergebenden theoretischen und praktischen Resutate. Sie sind sich dabei aber der Tatsache voll bewußt, daß kontaktlinguistisches Forschen keine Neuerung des 20. Jahrhunderts ist, sondern vielmehr schon immer integrativer Bestandteil von Linguistik und Philologie seit deren Existenz als Einzelwissenschaft war. Aus systematischen, arbeitspraktischen, aber auch wissenschafts-historischen Gründen wird jedoch im Rahmen der Konzeption dieses Handbuchs davon ausgegangen, daß von Kontaktlinguistik im engeren Sinne erst in der Nachfolge von Uriel Weinreichs Buch "Languages in Contact" (1953) gesprochen werden kann. Hinsichtlich der Eigenständigkeit der Kontaktlinguistik wird auf zwei heute sehr wesentliche Faktoren hingewiesen: 1) auf den sachlich relevanten Umstand der in neuerer Zeit immens gesteigerten Mobilität vieler Völker, Kulturen und Kulturgüter (und damit auch von deren Sprachen) und 2) auf die wissenschaftliche Notwendigkeit der integrativen Zusammenfügung ansonsten getrennt operierender Einzelwissenschaften zu einer möglichst umfassenden wissenschaftlichen Analyse mehrsprachiger Phänomene. Das zweibändige Handbuch richtet sich an alle - Wissenschaftler wie interessierte Laien - , die mit Problemen des synchronen Sprachkontakts zu tun haben. In beiden Halbbänden werden zur besseren Vermittlung der Problematik neben dem wissenschaftlichen Text in größerem Umfang auch Graphiken, Tabellen und Karten verwendet. Dieses Handbuch ist der erste Versuch, weltweit stets wichtiger werdende Themen wie Mehrsprachigkeit, Sprachkontakt und Sprachkonflikt in übersichtlichen und die jüngsten Forschungsergebnisse einschließenden Analysen zu erarbeiten und der Fachwelt vorzulegen.

Redefining Linguistics Rle Linguistics A General Linguistics

Author : Hayley G. Davis
ISBN : 9781134742868
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65. 96 MB
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The academic discipline of linguistics is at a critical stage of development. Whatever consensus there may have been fifteen or even ten years ago is fast disappearing. A process of redefinition is underway, and it is the aim of this volume to contribute to that process, explain why a redefinition is needed, and how it should proceed. In the case of linguistics the subject is also the subject matter. Many linguists have ignored the problem of definition, simply regarding linguistics as the ‘science of language itself’. What, though, is ‘language itself’? Is it a language, ie English, Swahili? Or, language in a more general sense? The primary goal of a redefinition of linguistics should be to demonstrate that language is not an objective matter. Linguistics is, and should be, the study of whatever is linguistically pertinent. A linguistics redefined would look at how we interpret and construct our day-to-day communication acts, what views of language are shared by and opposed by societies, and the source and roles that these views play in our living and learning experience. These papers argue the case for such a redefinition more explicitly than has ever been done before in modern linguistic theory. Such a redefined perspective, precisely because it is a perspective, subject to ‘outside’ influence, and in constant dialogue with the perspective of the other human sciences, must be endlessly redefined.

Linguistics

Author : Anne E. Baker
ISBN : 9780631230359
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89. 24 MB
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Linguistics is a comprehensive crosslinguistic introduction to the study of language, and is ideal for students with no background in linguistics. A comprehensive introduction to the study of language, set apart by its inclusion of cross-linguistic data from over 80 different spoken and signed languages Explores how language works by examining discourse, sentence-structure, meaning, words, and sounds Introduces psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic issues, including language acquisition, neurolinguistics, language variation, language change, language contact, and multilingualism Written in a problem-oriented style to engage readers, and is ideal for those new to the subject Incorporates numerous student-friendly features throughout, including extensive exercises, summaries, assignments, and suggestions for further reading Based on the bestselling Dutch edition of this work, the English edition has been revised and expanded to offer an up-to-date and engaging survey of linguistics for students new to the field

Linguistics And The Teacher

Author : Ronald Carter
ISBN : 9781136515422
Genre : Education
File Size : 48. 4 MB
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Linguistics and the Teacher is a collection of essays by linguists on different aspects of the relationship between linguistics and education. All the contributors are united in their belief that linguistics should be a central element in the education of teachers, and argue for principled and systematic analysis in the study of the role of language in learning. The essays range from theoretical accounts of the nature of language study in teacher education to practical examples of how linguistics can help the teacher in such diverse contexts as the assessment of difficulty in textbooks, the teaching of literature, and analysing children’s writing. The book offers models for analysis, specific syllabus and course proposals, and, in a key essay, discussion of those areas relevant to language and learning upon which most linguists would agree. The collection as a whole presents teachers with all the materials they need to make informed judgements about what has hitherto been regarded as a difficult area.

Georgetown University Round Table On Languages And Linguistics Gurt 2000 Linguistics Language And The Professions

Author : James E. Alatis
ISBN : 1589018559
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72. 19 MB
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The 2000 Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics brought together distinguished linguists from around the globe to discuss applications of linguistics to important and intriguing real-world issues within the professions. With topics as wide-ranging as coherence in operating room communication, involvement strategies in news analysis roundtable discussions, and jury understanding of witness deception, this resulting volume of selected papers provides both experts and novices with myriad insights into the excitement of cross-disciplinary language analysis. Readers will find—in the words of one contributor—that in such cross-pollination of ideas, "there's tremendous hope, there's tremendous power and the power to transform."

Doing Applied Linguistics

Author : Nicholas Groom
ISBN : 9781136672132
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 62. 23 MB
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Doing Applied Linguistics provides a concise, lively and accessible introduction to the field of applied linguistics for readers who have little or no prior knowledge of the subject. The book explores the basics of the field then goes on to examine in more depth what applied linguists actually do, and the types of research methods that are most frequently used in the field. By reading this book students will find the answers to four sets of basic questions: What is applied linguistics, and what do applied linguists do? Why do it? What is the point of applied linguistics? How and why might I get involved in applied linguistics? How to do it? What kinds of activities are involved in doing applied linguistic research? Written by teachers and researchers in applied linguistics Doing Applied Linguistics is essential reading for all students with interests in this area.

The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Linguistics

Author : Dirk Geeraerts
ISBN : 9780199890026
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 53. 74 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of Cognitive Linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

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