who gets what and why the new economics of matchmaking and market design

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Who Gets What And Why

Author : Alvin E. Roth
ISBN : 9780544291133
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 40 MB
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A Nobel laureate reveals the often surprising rules that govern a vast array of activities -- both mundane and life-changing -- in which money may play little or no role. If you've ever sought a job or hired someone, applied to college or guided your child into a good kindergarten, asked someone out on a date or been asked out, you've participated in a kind of market. Most of the study of economics deals with commodity markets, where the price of a good connects sellers and buyers. But what about other kinds of "goods," like a spot in the Yale freshman class or a position at Google? This is the territory of matching markets, where "sellers" and "buyers" must choose each other, and price isn't the only factor determining who gets what. Alvin E. Roth is one of the world's leading experts on matching markets. He has even designed several of them, including the exchange that places medical students in residencies and the system that increases the number of kidney transplants by better matching donors to patients. In Who Gets What -- And Why, Roth reveals the matching markets hidden around us and shows how to recognize a good match and make smarter, more confident decisions.

Who Gets What And Why

Author : Alvin Roth
ISBN : 0007520778
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 1 MB
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From a Nobel-Prize winning economist, a fascinating and accesible look at how our lives are shaped not only by the choices we make, but by the choices we have. In many parts of life - jobs, housing, medical care, education, even a date on the internet - price is not the only determinant of who gets what. So how do the other processes that influence who gets which goods, jobs, university places and partners really work? In WHO GETS WHAT Nobel Prize winning economist Alvin Roth uncovers the global rules of how markets allocate, how matchmaking shapes lives, where markets exist that we may not even realise, and how everything about our biggest experiences - from getting accepted at university or living where we want - can be better understood and negotiated when one understands the design of those matching markets. The distribution of rewards is often unfair, but it's seldom as random as it seems, and Roth reveals just how much of our life takes place in marketplaces, and leads us to a new understanding of who gets what and why. For fans of 'FREAKONOMICS and THINKING FAST AND SLOW this groundbreaking book sheds new light on the politics of free markets, and how many things that we choose in life also must choose us.

Author : Steven D. Levitt
ISBN : 9789960543932
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 61 MB
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أيهما أشد خطراً، المسدس أم حوض السباحة؟ ما هي الأشياء المشتركة بين معلمي المدارس ومصارعي السومو؟ لماذا ما يزال تجار المخدرات يعيشون مع أمهاتهم؟ ما هو مقدار اهتمام الوالدين حقاً؟ ما هو تأثير قضية «رو» و«ويد» في جرائم العنف؟ قد لا تبدو هذه الأسئلة مثل الأسئلة النمطية التي يسألها الاقتصادي، لكن ستيفن د. ليفيت ليس اقتصادياً نمطياً؛ إنه عالم شجاع أكثر من أي شيء آخر، يدرس المادة والأحاجي في الحياة اليومية ــ من الغش والجريمة إلى الرياضة وتربية الأطفال ــ وتقوم استنتاجاته عادة على قلب الحكمة التقليدية رأساً على عقب. وغالباً ما يبدأ بتل كبير من المعطيات وبسؤال بسيط لم يطرح من قبل. إنه يهتم ببعض هذه الأسئلة مثل قضايا الحياة والموت، وبعضها الآخر ذو ميزات استثنائية دون شك. وهكذا يحتوي هذا الكتاب على حقل جديد من الدراسة، وهو (الاقتصاد العجيب). ومن خلال سرده للقصص الآسرة ومن النظرة العميقة غير المباشرة، يبين ليفيت وزميله ستيفن ج. دوبنر أن الاقتصاد -في جذوره- دراسة للحوافز ـــ كيف يحصل الناس على ما يريدون أو يحتاجون، لاسيما عندما يريد الناس الآخرون الشيء ذاته أو يحتاجونه. في كتابهما (الاقتصاد العجيب)، يشرع المؤلفان في استكشاف الجانب الخفي ـــ من كل شيء؛ الأعمال الداخلية لعصابة مخدرات، وحقيقة الوسطاء العقاريين، وأساطير تمويل الحملات. وقصص الغش لدى معلمي المدارس. وأسرار جمعية كوكلوكس كلان (العرقية). ومن هنا فإذا كانت الأخلاق تمثل كيف نريد للعالم أن يسير، فإن الاقتصاد يمثل كيف يعمل العالم فعلاً. صحيح إن قراء هذا الكتاب سيتسلحون بقصص وأحاجٍ تكفي لتروى في آلاف الحفلات، لكن كتاب (الاقتصاد العجيب) يستطيع أن يقدم أكثر من ذلك، إنه يعيد تعريف الطريقة التي ننظر بها إلى العالم الحديث تعريفاً حرفياً. العبيكان للنشر

Reinventing Capitalism In The Age Of Big Data

Author : Viktor Mayer-Schonberger
ISBN : 9781473656512
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 8 MB
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Markets have long been acknowledged to be a superior mechanism for managing resources but until the advent of big data, they largely functioned better in theory than in practice. Now, as ideal markets are within reach because of vastly greater access to information, we are on the verge of a major disruption. As data becomes a more valuable asset than cash, the rules for surviving and thriving are changing. Reinventing Capitalism is a provocative look at how data is reinventing markets and, in so doing, is ushering in an era where the firm is no longer predominant. With richer and more comprehensive information about human wants and needs, an economy powered by data offers the possibility of increased abundance, equality, and resilience. The data-driven markets that will thrive in this environment are far better than firms at organizing human endeavors, meaning that finance driven capitalism is being displaced by its more efficient, more sustainable, and more democratic disruptor: data capitalism.

Evolving Properties Of Intellectual Capitalism

Author : Ove Granstrand
ISBN : 9780857935465
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24. 62 MB
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Intellectual capitalism is evolving, driving and driven by technological innovations and various forms of entrepreneruship. The purpose of this eagerly anticipated book is to analyze the linkages between R&D, patents, innovations, entrepreneurship and growth. Based on a large array of national empirical and policy studies, it elaborates on a comprehensive range of innovation and IP issues that are pertinent not only to Europe but to the world as a whole. These issues include the role of patents and licensing in the governance of technology and innovation, and the various uses and abuses of patents. It further elaborates on new IP phenomena in an increasingly patent-intensive world with patent-rich multinationals and patent-savvy new entrants from Asia. In a world facing challenges that call for innovative responses, the book contains a set of valuable policy recommendations for strengthening innovativeness for economic growth and ultimately for social value creation.

How Digital Communication Technology Shapes Markets

Author : Swati Bhatt
ISBN : 9783319472508
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 70 MB
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This Palgrave Pivot explores how communication technology such as the Internet has changed the nature of trade, focusing especially on economy-wide reductions in company size (granularity) and the role of retailers (disintermediation). By increasing access to comparative data, influencing conceptions of time, and reducing the number of intermediaries between creator and consumer, technological connectivity is changing the very definition of competition. In the new network economy, disintermediation and granularity are turning cooperative information gathering and sharing into a vital market institution. To exemplify the effects of communication technology, Bhatt focuses on two markets with particularly powerful effects on the economy: labor and education, and CIME (communication, information services, media, and entertainment). Mobile connectivity is radically changing the extent, capabilities, and operations of these markets, both in terms of the services they provide and how they interact with consumers. Bhatt also explores how these benefits intersect with new concerns about privacy and security when the line between public and private information is becoming ever more fluid.

Author : اريك هوفر
ISBN : 9789960549477
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 11 MB
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قالت (وول ستريت جورنال): «إذا أردتَ معلوماتٍ صحيحة مختصرة عن الدوافع التي تعمل في عقول المتعصبين وعن آليات الحركات الجماهيرية في أشد مستوياتها البدائية فأقترح عليك أن تقرأ هذا الكتاب». - بينما كان إريك هوفر يعمل على أرصفة تحميل السفن وتفريغها في سان فرانسيسكو في الأربعينيات من القرن الماضي كان يشغل وقت فراغه في كتابة البحوث الفلسفية، وهذا الكتاب (المؤمن الصادق) هو أول كتبه وأهمها، وقد قفز إلى قائمة أفضل الكتب مبيعاً، عندما استشهد به الرئيس أيزنهاور في إحدى ندواته التلفزيونية. إن الكتاب لا يزال منسجماً تمام الانسجام مع ظروف العالم اليوم، وهو وضروري لفهم مجريات الأحداث فيه؛ إذ يقدم صورة مثيرة للعقل المتعصب، ودراسة عميقة للطريقة التي يتحول بها الإنسان ليصبح متطرفاً. العبيكان للنشر

Extraordinary Popular Delusions And The Madness Of Crowds Harriman Definitive Edition

Author : Charles Mackay
ISBN : 9780857197436
Genre :
File Size : 87. 34 MB
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"Men, it has been well said, think in herds; it will be seen that they go mad in herds, while they only recover their senses slowly, and one by one..." Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds is the original guide to behavioural psychology - and how manias, follies and superstitions begin, spread and (eventually) pass. A hugely entertaining tour through financial scams and stock market bubbles, alchemical quests and prophecy wars, duelling bouts and relic hunts, the book is as insightful and memorable today as when it was first published almost 180 years ago. This edition comes with an exclusive foreword by Russell Napier, author of Anatomy of the Bear. Harriman Definitive Editions offer the best quality editions of the best financial books of all time. Beautifully typeset in new designs, accompanied by forewords by the best modern financial writers, printed and bound in high-quality hardcovers on acid-free paper - they are essential long-term additions to the portfolio of every investor and trader.

Author : ميلان كونديرا
ISBN : 9789776604599
Genre :
File Size : 21. 78 MB
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الرواية يتمركز خطها السردي حول اربعة شخصيات رئيسية أهمهم توماس بطل الراوية، هذه الشخصيات تتنوع بين الخفة والثقل، تدور الرواية على خلفية أحداث سياسية "ثقيلة" حيث اجتياح روسيا لدولة التشيك خلال الحرب العالمية الثانية، و على خلفية انتشار النظام الشيوعي "الثقيل" كما يظن ، أكثر شخصية تفاعلت معها كانت تريزا، تلك المرأة الثقيلة التي فشلت في ارتداء عباءة الخفة التي يترتديها توماس طوال الوقت، وللحق بارع هو كونديرا في تجسيد صورة الخائن بالشخص الذي يتمتع بالخفة، رغم ان الخطايا هي أكثر ما يثقل الإنسان الفصل الثالث الذي تناول شرح مفصل للمفاهيم بين توماس وسابينا، فعلى الرغم من أنه خلا من أي جانب روائي إلا انه زاد الرواية ثقلاً معنوياً وفكرياً صادم جداً-لأنه جديد في طريقه تناوله- ومبهر جداً جداً في ما حمله من معاني .

Twin Plant News

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822020552402
Genre : Industries
File Size : 82. 15 MB
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