waste engine oils rerefining and energy recovery

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Waste Engine Oils

Author : Francois Audibert
ISBN : 008046517X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40. 64 MB
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Waste Engine Oils presents a complete description of the field of engine used oils, widely collected in the networks of services-stations and garages. It describes the manufacture of base oils in refineries, and mentions the main additives playing an essential role in the quality of the marketed finished oils. The organization of the different systems of collecting in order to obtain a waste oil regenerable or used as fuel are explained. This book covers the main operations of physical and chemical treatments required in waste oil regeneration by covering the fundamental principles techniques such as vacuum distillation, solvent deasphalting, and ultrafiltration. A wide part is dedicated to applications with the description of about twenty processes. In addition, the book describes several types of energetic valorizations which concern a quite important fraction of the collected oil volume. * Comprehensive approach of the waste oil valorization * Overview of chemical engineering operations applied to waste oil * Objective view of the given information on a subject giving rise to competitiveness between the two routes of volorization

Refining Used Lubricating Oils

Author : James Speight
ISBN : 9781466551497
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 69 MB
Format : PDF
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Used lubricating oil is a valuable resource. However, it must be re-refined mainly due to the accumulation of physical and chemical contaminants in the oil during service. Refining Used Lubricating Oils describes the properties of used lubricating oils and presents ways these materials can be re-refined and converted into useful lubricants as well as other products. It provides an up-to-date review of most of the processes for used lubricating oil refining that have been proposed or implemented in different parts of the world, and addresses feasibility and criteria for selecting a particular process. The book begins with an overview of lubricating oil manufacturing, both petroleum-based and synthetic-based. It reviews the types and properties of lubricating oils and discusses the characteristics and potential of used lubricating oils. The authors describe the basic steps of used oil treatment including dehydration, distillation or solvent extraction, and finishing. They explore the combustion of used oil for use as fuel, covering chemistry and equipment, fuel oil properties, and combustion emissions. The book considers alternative processing options such as refinery processing and re-refining. It also reviews the major refining processes that have been suggested over the years for used oil. These include acid/clay, simple distillation, combinations of distillation and hydrogenation, solvent extraction, filtration, and coking processes. The book addresses economic, life cycle assessment, and other criteria for evaluating the attractiveness of an oil recycling project, examining various costs and presenting an economic evaluation method using an Excel spreadsheet that can be downloaded from the publisher’s website. The book concludes with a chapter offering insights on how to choose the most suitable process technology.

Refining Used Lubricating Oils

Author : James Speight
ISBN : 9781466551503
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 92 MB
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Used lubricating oil is a valuable resource. However, it must be re-refined mainly due to the accumulation of physical and chemical contaminants in the oil during service. Refining Used Lubricating Oils describes the properties of used lubricating oils and presents ways these materials can be re-refined and converted into useful lubricants as well as other products. It provides an up-to-date review of most of the processes for used lubricating oil refining that have been proposed or implemented in different parts of the world, and addresses feasibility and criteria for selecting a particular process. The book begins with an overview of lubricating oil manufacturing, both petroleum-based and synthetic-based. It reviews the types and properties of lubricating oils and discusses the characteristics and potential of used lubricating oils. The authors describe the basic steps of used oil treatment including dehydration, distillation or solvent extraction, and finishing. They explore the combustion of used oil for use as fuel, covering chemistry and equipment, fuel oil properties, and combustion emissions. The book considers alternative processing options such as refinery processing and re-refining. It also reviews the major refining processes that have been suggested over the years for used oil. These include acid/clay, simple distillation, combinations of distillation and hydrogenation, solvent extraction, filtration, and coking processes. The book addresses economic, life cycle assessment, and other criteria for evaluating the attractiveness of an oil recycling project, examining various costs and presenting an economic evaluation method using an Excel spreadsheet that can be downloaded from the publisher’s website. The book concludes with a chapter offering insights on how to choose the most suitable process technology.

Design Aspects Of Used Lubricating Oil Re Refining

Author : Firas Awaja
ISBN : 0080462642
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 9 MB
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Design Aspects of Used Lubricating Oil Re-Refining presents a feasible and comprehensive technology for recycling of used lubricating oils. This book discusses efficient and effective ways of reusing lubricating oil which, if implemented, will result in a better quality of life, the stability of the environment, the health of national economies and better relationships between nations. It presents essential experimental results for process designers and engineers to establish a complete process design. The conditions and behaviour in each step in the re-refining process, (dehydration, solvent extraction, solvent stripping, and vacuum distillation) are examined in order to discover ways to recover and reuse wastes that are produced by lubricating oils. •Addresses and demonstrates the current knowledge of the process behaviour and re-refining technology of used lubricating oils •Introduces background information on the lubrication, oil recycling industry outlining the major manufacturers and detailing their processes •Contains 94 figures and 22 tables that on results regarding the re-refining process behaviour of used lubricating oil

Automotive Lubricants Reference Book

Author : Roger Haycock
ISBN : 1860584713
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 97 MB
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The automotive lubricants arena has undergone significant changes since the first edition of this book was published in 1996. Environmental concerns, particularly reagarding improvement of ar quality have been important in recent years, Reduced emmissions are directly related to changes in lubricant specifications and quality, and the second edition of the Automotive Lubricants Reference Book reflects the urgency of such matters by including updated and expanded detail. This second edition also considers the recent phenomenon of increased consolidation within the oil and petroleum additive arenas, which has resulted in fewer poeple for research, devlopment, and implementation, along with fewer competing companies. After reviewing the first edition the authors have fully reviewed and updated the information to fit in with the changes in technology and markets. Chapters include, Introduction and Fundamentals Constituents of Modern Lubricants Crankcase Oil Testing Crankcase Oil Quality Levels and Formulations Practical Experiences with Lubricant Problems Performance Levels, Classification, Specification, and Approval of Engine Lubricants. Other Lubricants for Road Vehicles Other Specialized Oils of Interest Blending, Storage, Purchase, and Use Safety Health, and the Environment The Future.

The Chemical Engineer

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822036008431
Genre : Chemical engineering
File Size : 45. 64 MB
Format : PDF
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Petroleum Refining

Author : James H. Gary
ISBN : 9780203907924
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 50 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Petroleum refiners must face billion-dollar investments in equipment in order to meet ever-changing environmental requirements. Because the design and construction of new processing units entail several years’ lead time, refiners are reluctant to commit these dollars for equipment that may no longer meet certain conditions when the units come on stream. Written by experts with both academic and professional experience in refinery operation, design, and evaluation, Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics, Fifth Edition is an essential textbook for students and a vital resource for engineers. This latest edition of a bestselling text provides updated data and addresses changes in refinery feedstock, product distribution, and processing requirements resulting from federal and state legislation. Providing a detailed overview of today’s integrated fuels refinery, the book discusses each major refining process as they relate to topics such as feedstock preparation, operating costs, catalysts, yields, finished product properties, and economics. It also contains end-of-chapter problems and an ongoing case study.

Measurements And Standards For Recycled Oil Ii

Author : National Measurement Laboratory (U.S.). Recycled Oil Program
ISBN : UOM:39015077587015
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 15 MB
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Series On Emission Scenario Documents Lubricants And Lubricant Additives

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264221154
Genre :
File Size : 42. 1 MB
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This OECD Emission Scenario Document (ESD) provides information on the sources, use patterns and release pathways of chemicals used in lubricants to assist in the estimation of releases of chemicals into the environment.

Advanced Technologies Improving Industrial Efficiency

Author : F. William Payne
ISBN : UOM:39015009790950
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 96 MB
Format : PDF
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