wahhabi islam from revival and reform to global jihad

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Wahhabi Islam

Author : Natana J. DeLong-Bas
ISBN : 1845113225
Genre : Islam
File Size : 45. 10 MB
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Featuring a study of Wahhabism's founder, Muhammad Ibn al-Wahhab, this book aims to reveal Muhammad Ibn al-Wahhab, as the voice of reform, advocating an Islamic society in which Muslims, Christians and Jews co-existed and cooperated. It also presents his vision of jihad as strictly limited to self-defence of the Muslim community.

Wahhabism

Author : Hamid Algar
ISBN : 9781483557052
Genre : Religion
File Size : 31. 67 MB
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Wahhabism, a peculiar interpretation of Islamic doctrine and practice that first arose in mid-eighteenth century Arabia, is sometimes regarded as simply an extreme or uncompromising form of Sunni Islam. This is incorrect, for at the very outset the movement was stigmatized as aberrant by the leading Sunni scholars of the day, because it rejected many of the traditional beliefs and practices of Sunni Islam and declared permissible warfare against all Muslims that disputed Wahhabi teachings. Nor can Wahhabism be regarded as a movement of "purification" or "renewal," as the source of the genuinely revivalist movements that were underway at the time. Not until Saudi oil money was placed at the disposal of its propagandists did Wahhabism find an echo outside the Arabian Peninsula. The author discusses the rise of Wahhabism at the hands of Muhammad b.'Abd al-Wahhab, a native of Najd in the eastern part of the Arabian peninsula, the doctrines he elaborated to serve as the basis of the Wahhabi sect, and the alliance he concluded with the Saudi family, then rulers of the principality of al-Dir'iya. An early result of this union was a creeping conquest of the Arabian Peninsula, misnamed as jihad; it culminated in the sacking of Taif and the occupation of Mecca in 1803. This first Wahhabi occupation was short-lived but Wahhabism triumphed anew with the foundation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1925. Among the extensions of Wahhabism beyond Arabia must be accounted the perverse and brutal regime of the Taliban in Afghanistan.

Shariah

Author : John L. Esposito
ISBN : 9780199325085
Genre : Religion
File Size : 35. 12 MB
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Most Americans and Europeans have by now heard of Shariah. In the West, politicians, media commentators, televangelists, and others have stoked fears that Muslims intend to impose a repressive rule based on Shariah in America and Europe. Shariah has been portrayed as a medieval system that oppresses women, stifles human rights, and imposes harsh punishments like stoning and amputation. In reality, however, Shariah is a complex concept that has been interpreted in many ways over time and around the world. It plays a vital role in the lives of Muslims around the world, offering guidance on everything from personal morality to ritual practices, family life, and finance. In this timely addition to Oxford's What Everyone Needs to Know® series, John Esposito and Natana DeLong-Bas offer an accessible and thorough guide to this little-understood, but often caricatured system. The book provides clear and even-handed answers to a wide range of questions, covering the history, development, content, and practice of Shariah. What are its origins? What is a Shariah court and how does it work? How does a person become a Muslim in the eyes of Islamic law? Does Islamic law allow Muslims to marry non-Muslims? What are blasphemy laws, and how are they enforced? How does Islamic law govern trade and contracts of sale? Do Muslims in the West want Shariah Law? Is there a need to protect American and European societies from the imposition of Shariah? By answering the questions that so many people have about Shariah and its role in Muslim life, this book makes an invaluable contribution to the crucial task of fostering mutual understanding in our globalizing, pluralistic societies.

The Birth Of The Islamic Reform Movement In Saudi Arabia

Author : George Rentz
ISBN : STANFORD:36105119999923
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 7 MB
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Current troubles in the Middle East have focused much international attention on Saudi Arabia. However, little has been published in English on the background to its culture and its roots in the First Saudi State that arose in 18th-century central Arabia. The Islamic reform movement that gave it its sense of mission, and the life and thought of Shaikh Muhammad b. â??Abd al-Wahhab (1703-1792), the teacher who inspired it, have been similarly neglected. Often referred to outside Arabia as Wahhabism, the Shaikhâ??s teachings have been a fundamental influence on the lives of Saudi Arabians and their government ever since his death in 1792. His ideas continue to inspire his many followers, both inside the Kingdom and abroad, and a knowledge of his life and thought is vital to a proper understanding of both Saudi Arabia and the Arab world of today. Students of Saudi Arabian history have long recognized George S Rentzâ??s thesis on the Shaikhâ??s life and the origins of the First Saudi State as a work of pioneering scholarship. Despite this, since its acceptance in 1947 by the University of California, it has never before now been published. Closely basing his account on the local Najdi chroniclers who were contemporary with many of the events they describe, Rentz pieces together the life and thought of the thinker who, using as his guide orthodox Hanbalite doctrine, set out to purify Islam as he saw it practised around him, and to direct Muslims back to the original fountainhead of their faith. In the process Rentz tells the colourful story of the creation of the First Saudi State (1745â??1818) with its capital at al-Dirâ??iyah, near present-day Riyadh.

The War For Muslim Minds

Author : Gilles Kepel
ISBN : 0674015754
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 61 MB
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Assesses the roots and impact of global terrorism, including the United States' ability to address the Middle East challenge and fault lines in terrorist ideology, outlining conditions for acceptance of Israel and democratization of Islamist and Arab soci

The Wahhabi Mission And Saudi Arabia

Author : David Commins
ISBN : 9780857731357
Genre : Religion
File Size : 72. 79 MB
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The history of the Wahhabis' close, loyal alliance with the ancestors of the present Saudi royal family has been recounted in fascinating, and persuasive detail by David Commins. His conclusion is no less startling as it is important, that Wahhabi hegemony over regional religious culture is in jeopardy; its credibility debased, possibly no longer able to buttress the Saudi dynasty's legitimacy. Whatever their future, the story of the Wahhabis has been told with authority and clarity by Commins in this absorbing book. - David Waines, Professor of Islamic Studies, Lancaster University ‘David Commins’ careful, comprehensive and erudite account of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia could not have come at a more opportune time. After so many tendentious and uninformed treatments of the subject in recent years, it is a pleasure to read a real historian’s account, based upon original Arabic sources. Everyone involved in the public debate about Saudi Arabia’s role in the Muslim world should read this book.’ —F. GREGORY GAUSE, UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT ‘David Commins’ work makes major contributions toward understanding the historical development of Wahhabism, particularly in the 19th century. His analysis of 19th century Wahhabi thought demonstrates the interplay between religion and politics during this critical time, setting the stage for the 20th century founding of the contemporary Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.’ —NATANA J. DELONG-BAS, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, AUTHOR OF WAHHABI ISLAM: FROM REVIVAL AND REFORM TO GLOBAL JIHAD (I.B.TAURIS)

Force And Fanaticism

Author : Simon Ross Valentine
ISBN : 9781849044646
Genre : Wahhābīyah
File Size : 80. 2 MB
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The product of three years research in Saudi Arabia on what Wahhabism means to those whose lives are governed by its formidably strict tenets.

Notable Muslims

Author : Natana J. DeLong-Bas
ISBN : UOM:39015063343365
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 28. 84 MB
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"From political leaders and human rights activists to rap musicians and NBA basketball stars, this diverse collection of profiles documents the contributions of fifty male and fifty female Muslims to a wide variety of different fields and professions. As an exploration and celebration of what it means to be a Muslim today, it offers a colourful and vibrant counterpoint to the stereotypes of religious fundamentalists and masked suicide bombers that have become all too commonplace in Western representations of Islam." "Notable Muslims is unique among works of a similar nature in its contemporary focus; eighty-five of the one hundred figures profiled are alive today, and many have been interviewed personally by Natana DeLong-Bas for this project. With a complete set of references and web links for every profile, this meticulously researched work will provide an indispensable resource for students and teachers and a rich source of inspiration for all those committed to building bridges of interfaith and intercultural understanding in the modern world."--BOOK JACKET.

Saudi Arabia Exposed

Author : John R. Bradley
ISBN : 9781466893047
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 88 MB
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Saudi Arabia: land of oil, terrorism, Islamic fundamentalism, and a crucial American ally. As the only Western journalist to have extensively worked in the Saudi Kingdom, John R. Bradley is uniquely able to expose the turmoil that is shaking the House of Saud to its foundations. From the heart of the secretive Islamic kingdom's urban centers to its most remote mountainous terrain, from the homes of royalty to the slums of its poorest inhabitants, he provides intimate details and reveals underlying regional, religious, and tribal rivalries. Bradley highlights tensions generated by social change, focuses on the educational system, the increasing restlessness of Saudi youth faced with limited opportunities for cultural and political expression, and the predicament of Saudi women seeking opportunities but facing constraints. What are the implications for the Sauds and the West? This book offers a startling look at the present predicament and a troubling view of the future.

The Oxford Encyclopedia Of Islam And Women

Author :
ISBN : 0199764468
Genre : Religion
File Size : 34. 33 MB
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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women will provide clear, current, comprehensive information on the major topics of scholarly interest within the study of Islam and women.

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