volatile biomarkers non invasive diagnosis in physiology and medicine

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Volatile Biomarkers

Author : Anton Amann
ISBN : 9780444626202
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 46 MB
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Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath, sweat or urine carry much information on the state of human health. The role of VOCs in clinical diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring is expected to become increasingly significant due to recent advances in the field. Volatile Biomarkers: Non-Invasive Diagnosis in Physiology and Medicine includes the latest discoveries and applications for VOCs from the world's foremost scientists and clinicians working in this emerging analytic area. Appeals to a multidisciplinary audience, including scientists, researchers, and clinicians with an interest in breath analysis Features the latest scientific research and technical breakthroughs in the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of volatile organic compounds Includes case presentations documenting applications in multiple areas of human health and safety

Ion Molecule Attachment Reactions Mass Spectrometry

Author : Toshihiro Fujii
ISBN : 9781489975881
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 56 MB
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This book explores the mechanism of alkali-metal ion/molecule association reaction, surveys the instrumental basis to study its kinetic, and describes the instrumentation to the measurement of alkali-metal ion affinities. The applications of the ion complexation mechanism in the condensed phase in reaction to direct analysis MS are also covered. Other topics include mechanism and reaction rate, experimental and theoretical ion affinities, applications of ion attachment reactions (IAR) to mass spectrometry such as alkali ion CIMS, ion attachment MS and cationization mass spectrometry of ESI, FAB, FD, LD, MALDI and SIMS and topics of IAR-based direct analysis mass spectrometry.

Nanobiophysics

Author : Victor A. Karachevtsev
ISBN : 9789814613972
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 89 MB
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Nanobiophysics is a new branch of science that operates at the interface of physics, biology, chemistry, material science, nanotechnology, and medicine. This book is the first one devoted to nanobiophysics and introduces this field with a focus on some selected topics related to the physics of biomolecular nanosystems, including nucleosomal DNA and model lipid membranes, nanobiohybrids involving DNA/RNA and single-walled carbon nanotubes, biomolecules deposited on nanoparticles, and nanostructured surfaces. It describes unique experimental physical methods that are used to study nanosized biostructures. It outlines the applied aspects of nanobiophysics, considering the state of art in the fabrication of two types of sensors: gas sensors, with a focus on breath gas detection, and nanophotonic sensors, with a focus on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon detection in water samples. It also covers the development of nanoscale scaffolds for delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids to cells, which is an important example of the possible application of nanobiophysics researches in nanomedicine.

Canine Olfaction Science And Law

Author : Tadeusz Jezierski
ISBN : 9781482260274
Genre : Law
File Size : 42. 11 MB
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The value of the canine nose is well-documented, and working dogs are being utilized for their olfactory skills in an increasing number of fields. Not only are dogs used by police, security, and the military, but they are also now used in forensic science, in medical detection of disease, in calculating population trends of endangered species and eradicating invasive species in protected environments, and in identifying infestations and chemical contaminants. Edited and contributed to by eminent scholars, Canine Olfaction Science and Law: Advances in Forensic Science, Medicine, Conservation, and Environmental Remediation takes a systematic scientific approach to canine olfaction. It includes work from scientists working in pure and applied disciplines, trainers and handlers who have trained and deployed detection dogs, and lawyers who have evaluated evidence produced with the aid of detection and scent identification dogs. The book is divided into six sections covering The anatomy, genetics, neurology, and evolution of canine olfaction as well as diseases affecting it The chemistry and aerodynamics of odors Behavior, learning, and training Uses of canine olfaction in forensics and law Uses in conservation and remediation Uses in detection of diseases and medical conditions The various contributors describe cutting edge research, some conclusions of which are the subject of vigorous debates between various laboratories and researchers. The editors have added cross-references so that readers can consider the different perspectives that are currently being advanced and understand where consensus is being built and where more research needs to be done. A useful practical reference, Canine Olfaction Science and Law provides a wealth of information beneficial to a wide range of disciplines. It aids trainers and handlers of detection dogs as well as various professionals in healthcare, law enforcement, forensic science, and environmental conservation to gain a better understanding of the remarkable power of the canine nose while encouraging further advances in applications.

Direct Analysis In Real Time Mass Spectrometry

Author : Yiyang Dong
ISBN : 9783527341849
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 87 MB
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DART-MS is a relatively new, but very fast evolving technology. Due to its versatility, it addresses fields of crucial importance to people and community, e.g. food or agricultural, forensic, industrial, environmental, medicinal and clinical analysis.

Molecularly Imprinted Polymers For Analytical Chemistry Applications

Author : Wlodzimierz Kutner
ISBN : 9781782626473
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 23 MB
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A summary of the latest developments and applications of molecular imprinting for selective chemical sensing.

Breath Analysis For Clinical Diagnosis And Therapeutic Monitoring

Author : Anton Amann
ISBN : 9789814480611
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25. 22 MB
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This book describes how the analysis of the trace gases in exhaled breath can be used for non-invasive clinical diagnosis of disease and for monitoring the effectiveness of therapy. This approach offers an important addition to the diagnostic techniques available to medicine, having the advantage that on-line breath analysis can provide information to the clinician immediately and thus facilitate rapid diagnosis and treatment. The book is a compilation of contributions to a conference held in Dornbirn, Austria, 23–26 September 2004 on various aspects of this new topic. Written by the foremost workers in the field, it will provide clinicians and others in the medical fraternity with an up-to-date summary of the status of the subject. The wide scope of the chapters ranges from descriptions of the analytical methods that are available, through the use of breath analysis in the study of physiological phenomena, to the identification of biomarkers of particular injury and disease. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Biomedical, Biological & Agricultural Sciences Contents:New Analytical TechniquesNitric Oxide, Carbon Monoxide, and EthaneBroadly-Based StudiesFocused StudiesUse of IsotopesAnimal Studies Readership: Graduate students in medicine, physiology and biology, researchers in non-invasive medical diagnostics, and clinicians and surgeons, including intensive care specialists. Keywords:Breath Gas Analysis;Medical Diagnostics;Mass Spectrometry;SIFT-MS;PTR-MS;GC-MS;SPME;Ion Mobility Spectroscopy;Laser IR Spectroscopy;Gas Chromatography;Cancer ScreeningKey Features:First authoritative summary of the available analytical methods for breath analysisIdentification of the known breath biomarkers for particular diseases, including cancer and respiratory diseaseInteresting case studies of physiological phenomena

Physiology Of Respiration

Author : Michael P. Hlastala
ISBN : 9780195138474
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 18 MB
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This text explains how the respiratory system functions and provides a framework for understanding many respiratory diseases. It was developed as a working text with problem-solving exercises for students. The book covers pulmonary anatomy and microstructure, mechanics, gas exchange, acid-base balance, and control mechanisms. Unlike other texts, it strikes a good balance between the principles of pulmonary gas exchange, neural control, and integrative aspects of respiration.

Disease Markers In Exhaled Breath

Author : Nandor Marczin
ISBN : 9780203909195
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 33 MB
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With nearly 1700 references, Disease Markers in Exhaled Breath is essential reading for pulmonologists; anesthesiologists; physiologists; chest, pulmonary, thoracic, and cardiovascular physicians and surgeons; asthmologists; and upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and medical school students in these disciplines. It discusses the potential diagnostic value of markers in several disorders including cancer, asthma, transplant rejection, and heart disease.

Animal Social Complexity

Author : Frans B. M. De Waal
ISBN : 0674034120
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 28 MB
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For over 25 years, primatologists have speculated that intelligence, at least in monkeys and apes, evolved as an adaptation to the complicated social milieu of hard-won friendships and bitterly contested rivalries. Yet the Balkanization of animal research has prevented us from studying the same problem in other large-brained, long-lived animals, such as hyenas and elephants, bats and sperm whales. Social complexity turns out to be widespread indeed. For example, in many animal societies one individual's innovation, such as tool use or a hunting technique, may spread within the group, thus creating a distinct culture. As this collection of studies on a wide range of species shows, animals develop a great variety of traditions, which in turn affect fitness and survival. The editors argue that future research into complex animal societies and intelligence will change the perception of animals as gene machines, programmed to act in particular ways and perhaps elevate them to a status much closer to our own. At a time when humans are perceived more biologically than ever before, and animals as more cultural, are we about to witness the dawn of a truly unified social science, one with a distinctly cross-specific perspective?

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