value free science

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Value Free Science

Author : Harold Kincaid
ISBN : 0195345584
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 19 MB
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It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge, but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be value free. Things are not so simple, however, as recent work in science studies makes clear. The contributors to this volume investigate where and how values are involved in science, and examine the implications of this involvement for ideals of objectivity.

Value Free Science

Author : Robert N. Proctor
ISBN : 067493170X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39. 11 MB
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Proctor lucidly demonstrates how value-neutrality is a reaction to larger political developments, including the use of science by government and industry, the specialization of professional disciplines, and the efforts to stifle intellectual freedoms or to politicize the world of the academy.

Science Policy And The Value Free Ideal

Author : Heather Douglas
ISBN : 082297357X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79. 57 MB
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The role of science in policymaking has gained unprecedented stature in the United States, raising questions about the place of science and scientific expertise in the democratic process. Some scientists have been given considerable epistemic authority in shaping policy on issues of great moral and cultural significance, and the politicizing of these issues has become highly contentious. Since World War II, most philosophers of science have purported the concept that science should be “value-free.” In Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal, Heather E. Douglas argues that such an ideal is neither adequate nor desirable for science. She contends that the moral responsibilities of scientists require the consideration of values even at the heart of science. She lobbies for a new ideal in which values serve an essential function throughout scientific inquiry, but where the role values play is constrained at key points, thus protecting the integrity and objectivity of science. In this vein, Douglas outlines a system for the application of values to guide scientists through points of uncertainty fraught with moral valence. Following a philosophical analysis of the historical background of science advising and the value-free ideal, Douglas defines how values should-and should not-function in science. She discusses the distinctive direct and indirect roles for values in reasoning, and outlines seven senses of objectivity, showing how each can be employed to determine the reliability of scientific claims. Douglas then uses these philosophical insights to clarify the distinction between junk science and sound science to be used in policymaking. In conclusion, she calls for greater openness on the values utilized in policymaking, and more public participation in the policymaking process, by suggesting various models for effective use of both the public and experts in key risk assessments.

Is Science Value Free

Author : Hugh Lacey
ISBN : 0415349036
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 34 MB
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In this book, Hugh Lacey explicates and appraises the view that science is value free. Lacey discusses how science and values interact, with a focus on a discussion of development, and science's place in development - particularly in third-world countries.

Max Weber And The Problems Of Value Free Social Science

Author : Jay A. Ciaffa
ISBN : 0838753957
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 81 MB
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This book examines the Werturteilsstreit ("value-judgment dispute"), from its initial stages in the debates between the eminent German social historian Max Weber and his contemporaries, to more recent contributions from scholars such as Karl Popper, Talcott Parsons, and Jurgen Habermas.

The Challenge Of The Social And The Pressure Of Practice

Author : Martin Carrier
ISBN : 0822971135
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 28 MB
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Philosophers, sociologists, and historians of science offer a multidisciplinary view of the complex interrelationships of values in science and society, in both contemporary and historic contexts. They analyze the impact of commercialization and politicization on epistemic aspirations, and conversely, the ethical dilemmas raised by “practically relevant” science in today's society.

Beyond Max Weber S Value Free Science

Author : William Petropulos
ISBN : OCLC:165894843
Genre :
File Size : 61. 92 MB
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Values And Objectivity In Science

Author : Hugh Lacey
ISBN : 0739111418
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 85 MB
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This book offers an account of how values play an important role within scientific practices, and how this account illuminates many ethical issues that arise concerning scientific practices and applications.

Sexualities In History

Author : Kim M. Phillips
ISBN : 0415929350
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 40 MB
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Over the past twenty years, historians have overturned nearly everything we once took for granted about human sexuality. Gender, sexual orientation, "deviance," and even the biology of sex have been unmasked for what they are-historically specific, culturally contested, and above all, unstable constructions.

Science Values And Objectivity

Author : Peter Machamer
ISBN : 9780822970866
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 76 MB
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Collection of essays that identify the values crucial to science, distinguish some of the criteria that can be used for value identification, and elaborate the conditions for warranting certain values as necessary or central to scientific research.

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