using the borsuk ulam theorem lectures on topological methods in combinatorics and geometry universitext

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Using The Borsuk Ulam Theorem

Author : Jiri Matousek
ISBN : 9783540766490
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 65 MB
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To the uninitiated, algebraic topology might seem fiendishly complex, but its utility is beyond doubt. This brilliant exposition goes back to basics to explain how the subject has been used to further our understanding in some key areas. A number of important results in combinatorics, discrete geometry, and theoretical computer science have been proved using algebraic topology. While the results are quite famous, their proofs are not so widely understood. This book is the first textbook treatment of a significant part of these results. It focuses on so-called equivariant methods, based on the Borsuk-Ulam theorem and its generalizations. The topological tools are intentionally kept on a very elementary level. No prior knowledge of algebraic topology is assumed, only a background in undergraduate mathematics, and the required topological notions and results are gradually explained.

Thirty Three Miniatures

Author : Jiří Matoušek
ISBN : 9780821849774
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83. 1 MB
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This volume contains a collection of clever mathematical applications of linear algebra, mainly in combinatorics, geometry, and algorithms. Each chapter covers a single main result with motivation and full proof in at most ten pages and can be read independently of all other chapters (with minor exceptions), assuming only a modest background in linear algebra. The topics include a number of well-known mathematical gems, such as Hamming codes, the matrix-tree theorem, the Lovasz bound on the Shannon capacity, and a counterexample to Borsuk's conjecture, as well as other, perhaps less popular but similarly beautiful results, e.g., fast associativity testing, a lemma of Steinitz on ordering vectors, a monotonicity result for integer partitions, or a bound for set pairs via exterior products. The simpler results in the first part of the book provide ample material to liven up an undergraduate course of linear algebra. The more advanced parts can be used for a graduate course of linear-algebraic methods or for seminar presentations. Table of Contents: Fibonacci numbers, quickly; Fibonacci numbers, the formula; The clubs of Oddtown; Same-size intersections; Error-correcting codes; Odd distances; Are these distances Euclidean?; Packing complete bipartite graphs; Equiangular lines; Where is the triangle?; Checking matrix multiplication; Tiling a rectangle by squares; Three Petersens are not enough; Petersen, Hoffman-Singleton, and maybe 57; Only two distances; Covering a cube minus one vertex; Medium-size intersection is hard to avoid; On the difficulty of reducing the diameter; The end of the small coins; Walking in the yard; Counting spanning trees; In how many ways can a man tile a board?; More bricks--more walls?; Perfect matchings and determinants; Turning a ladder over a finite field; Counting compositions; Is it associative?; The secret agent and umbrella; Shannon capacity of the union: a tale of two fields; Equilateral sets; Cutting cheaply using eigenvectors; Rotating the cube; Set pairs and exterior products; Index. (STML/53)

Graph Theoretic Concepts In Computer Science

Author : Petr Kolman
ISBN : 9783642258695
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68. 48 MB
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This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 37th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science, WG 2011, held at Teplá Monastery, Czech Republic, in June 2011. The 28 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The workshop aims at merging theory and practice by demonstrating how concepts from graph theory can be applied to various areas in computer science, and by extracting new graph theoretic problems from applications.

Algebraic And Geometric Combinatorics

Author : Christos A. Athanasiadis
ISBN : 9780821840801
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 86 MB
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This volume contains original research and survey articles stemming from the Euroconference ""Algebraic and Geometric Combinatorics"". The papers discuss a wide range of problems that illustrate interactions of combinatorics with other branches of mathematics, such as commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, convex and discrete geometry, enumerative geometry, and topology of complexes and partially ordered sets. Among the topics covered are combinatorics of polytopes, lattice polytopes, triangulations and subdivisions, Cohen-Macaulay cell complexes, monomial ideals, geometry of toric surfaces, groupoids in combinatorics, Kazhdan-Lusztig combinatorics, and graph colorings. This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students interested in various aspects of modern combinatorial theories.

Polynomial Methods In Combinatorics

Author : Larry Guth
ISBN : 9781470428907
Genre : Combinatorial geometry
File Size : 22. 24 MB
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This book explains some recent applications of the theory of polynomials and algebraic geometry to combinatorics and other areas of mathematics. One of the first results in this story is a short elegant solution of the Kakeya problem for finite fields, which was considered a deep and difficult problem in combinatorial geometry. The author also discusses in detail various problems in incidence geometry associated to Paul Erdős's famous distinct distances problem in the plane from the 1940s. The proof techniques are also connected to error-correcting codes, Fourier analysis, number theory, and differential geometry. Although the mathematics discussed in the book is deep and far-reaching, it should be accessible to first- and second-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates. The book contains approximately 100 exercises that further the reader's understanding of the main themes of the book.

A Journey Through Discrete Mathematics

Author : Martin Loebl
ISBN : 9783319444796
Genre : Computers
File Size : 20. 98 MB
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This collection of high-quality articles in the field of combinatorics, geometry, algebraic topology and theoretical computer science is a tribute to Jiří Matoušek, who passed away prematurely in March 2015. It is a collaborative effort by his colleagues and friends, who have paid particular attention to clarity of exposition – something Jirka would have approved of. The original research articles, surveys and expository articles, written by leading experts in their respective fields, map Jiří Matoušek’s numerous areas of mathematical interest.

Understanding And Using Linear Programming

Author : Jiri Matousek
ISBN : 9783540307174
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 66 MB
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The book is an introductory textbook mainly for students of computer science and mathematics. Our guiding phrase is "what every theoretical computer scientist should know about linear programming". A major focus is on applications of linear programming, both in practice and in theory. The book is concise, but at the same time, the main results are covered with complete proofs and in sufficient detail, ready for presentation in class. The book does not require more prerequisites than basic linear algebra, which is summarized in an appendix. One of its main goals is to help the reader to see linear programming "behind the scenes".

Numerical Optimization

Author : Joseph-Frédéric Bonnans
ISBN : 9783662050781
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27. 99 MB
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This book starts with illustrations of the ubiquitous character of optimization, and describes numerical algorithms in a tutorial way. It covers fundamental algorithms as well as more specialized and advanced topics for unconstrained and constrained problems. This new edition contains computational exercises in the form of case studies which help understanding optimization methods beyond their theoretical description when coming to actual implementation.

Extremal Graph Theory

Author : Bela Bollobas
ISBN : 9780486317588
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 40. 33 MB
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The ever-expanding field of extremal graph theory encompasses a diverse array of problem-solving methods, including applications to economics, computer science, and optimization theory. This volume, based on a series of lectures delivered to graduate students at the University of Cambridge, presents a concise yet comprehensive treatment of extremal graph theory. Unlike most graph theory treatises, this text features complete proofs for almost all of its results. Further insights into theory are provided by the numerous exercises of varying degrees of difficulty that accompany each chapter. Although geared toward mathematicians and research students, much of Extremal Graph Theory is accessible even to undergraduate students of mathematics. Pure mathematicians will find this text a valuable resource in terms of its unusually large collection of results and proofs, and professionals in other fields with an interest in the applications of graph theory will also appreciate its precision and scope.

Combinatorial Algebraic Topology

Author : Dimitry Kozlov
ISBN : 9783540719625
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22. 10 MB
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This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of combinatorial algebraic topology in book form. The first part of the book constitutes a swift walk through the main tools of algebraic topology. Readers - graduate students and working mathematicians alike - will probably find particularly useful the second part, which contains an in-depth discussion of the major research techniques of combinatorial algebraic topology. Although applications are sprinkled throughout the second part, they are principal focus of the third part, which is entirely devoted to developing the topological structure theory for graph homomorphisms.

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