trying biology the scopes trial textbooks and the antievolution movement in american schools

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Trying Biology

Author : Adam R. Shapiro
ISBN : 9780226029450
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 44 MB
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In Trying Biology, Adam R. Shapiro convincingly dispels many conventional assumptions about the 1925 Scopes “monkey” trial. Most view it as an event driven primarily by a conflict between science and religion. Countering this, Shapiro shows the importance of timing: the Scopes trial occurred at a crucial moment in the history of biology textbook publishing, education reform in Tennessee, and progressive school reform across the country. He places the trial in this broad context—alongside American Protestant antievolution sentiment—and in doing so sheds new light on the trial and the historical relationship of science and religion in America. For the first time we see how religious objections to evolution became a prevailing concern to the American textbook industry even before the Scopes trial began. Shapiro explores both the development of biology textbooks leading up to the trial and the ways in which the textbook industry created new books and presented them as “responses” to the trial. Today, the controversy continues over textbook warning labels, making Shapiro’s study—particularly as it plays out in one of America’s most famous trials—an original contribution to a timely discussion.

Morals Not Knowledge

Author : John H. Evans
ISBN : 9780520297432
Genre : Religion
File Size : 44. 67 MB
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"Academics have long claimed that the relationship between religion and science concerns knowledge of the physical world, and that conflict ensues because religion has one way of knowing and science another. For example, it is claimed that to find the age of the Earth religious people look to holy scripture and scientists look at the age of rocks. This book shows that this is indeed true among the elites who focus on this debate. However, contrary to the assumptions of elites and public discourse in general, that same relationship and conflict does not exist between religious citizens and science. This book shows that regular religious people in the U.S. are at most in conflict over a few fact claims with science, and that this limited conflict does not lead to conflict with scientific claims writ large. More importantly, American religion has changed since the 1960s, de-emphasizing knowledge claims about the physical world, and becoming more focused on social relationships and thus morality. This book shows that any religion and science debate in the public is not about scientific claims about nature, such as the age of the Earth, but rather about morality - and opposition to the morality implicitly promoted by scientists"--Provided by publisher.

The Other School Reformers

Author : Adam Laats
ISBN : 9780674416710
Genre : Education
File Size : 26. 69 MB
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The idea that American education has been steered by progressivism is accepted as fact by liberals and conservatives alike. Adam Laats shows that this belief is wrong. Calling to center stage conservatives who shaped America’s classrooms, he shows that in the long march of American public education, progressive reform has been a beleaguered dream.

A Companion To The History Of American Science

Author : Georgina M. Montgomery
ISBN : 9781405156257
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 47 MB
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A Companion to the History of American Science offers a collection of essays that give an authoritative overview of the most recent scholarship on the history of American science. Covers topics including astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, Big Science, military technology, and more Features contributions by the most accomplished scholars in the field of science history Covers pivotal events in U.S. history that shaped the development of science and science policy such as WWII, the Cold War, and the Women’s Rights movement

After The Monkey Trial

Author : Christopher M. Rios
ISBN : 9780823256693
Genre : Religion
File Size : 55. 14 MB
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In the well-known Scopes "Monkey Trial" of 1925, famously portrayed in the film and play Inherit the Wind, William Jennings Bryan's fundamentalist fervor clashed with defense attorney Clarence Darrow's aggressive agnosticism, illustrating what current scholars call the conflict thesis. It appeared, regardless of the actual legal question of the trial, that Christianity and science were at war with each other. Decades later, a new generation of evangelical scientists struggled to restore peace. After the Monkey Trial is the compelling history of those evangelical scientists in Britain and America who, unlike their fundamentalist cousins, supported mainstream scientific conclusions of the world and resisted the anti-science impulses of the era. This book focuses on two organizations, the American Scientific Affiliation and the Research Scientists' Christian Fellowship (today Christians in Science), who for more than six decades have worked to reshape the evangelical engagement with science and redefine what it means to be a creationist.

In The Beginning

Author : Michael Lienesch
ISBN : 9780807830963
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 34 MB
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Examining the political origins of creationism, a study of the role of fundamentalism in the antievolution movement through the 1920s details early twentieth-century debates over Darwinism in educational institutions and government, analyzes the Scopes trial and its significance, and traces the rise of creation science and the theory of intelligent design.

The Epic Of Evolution

Author : James Bradley Miller
ISBN : UVA:X004746560
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76. 57 MB
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For courses in Anthropology and Human Evolution. This collection of essays offers students the academic basis for discussing science and religion. The papers offer a better appreciation of the complexity of thinking in both scientific and religious traditions on evolution and the fertile common ground that is still in great need of exploration.

The American Biology Teacher

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015045433227
Genre : Biology
File Size : 76. 81 MB
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Social Issues In America Divorce And Child Custody Gun Violence And Gun Control

Author : James Ciment
ISBN : UCSC:32106019033221
Genre : Social movements
File Size : 23. 74 MB
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More than 150 key social issues confronting the United States today are covered in this eight-volume set: from abortion and adoption to capital punishment and corporate crime; from obesity and organized crime to sweatshops and xenophobia.

Trial And Error

Author : Edward J. Larson
ISBN : 0198035233
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 38 MB
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Trial and Error traces the coverage or lack thereof, of evolution in textbooks used in American public schools from the mid-1800s to the present. While the teaching of Darwinian evolution was common and not controversial in the late 19th century and into the early 20th century, the debates between evolutionists and creationists, those who argue that the Biblical theory of origins deserves equal treatment, have flared throughout the twentieth century--first in the 1920s, most famously in the Scopes trial; again in the 1960s, when the regional legislation banning the teaching of evolution was overturned, notably in Arkansas and Louisiana; and throughout the 1980s with various controversies over science textbooks, including California. Larson proposes to bring the subject up to the present through a discussion of recent trends, including the "intelligent design" movement, led by Phillip Johnson, a revised form of anti-evolutionism that gained popularity on college campuses; the impact of Michael Behe's versions of evolution; and debates over what counts as evidence for and against evolution--all of which have influenced debates over science standards, particularly at state and local levels. This new chapter will chronicle anti-evolution actions in Kansas and elsewhere and counter-actions by the National Academy of Science and other anti-creationist groups. This updated classic work presents a balanced historical interpretation of legal and educational debates over evolutionism, and will appeal to those interested in the fields of history, religion, science, and law.

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