trust us we re experts pa how industry manipulates science and gambles with your future

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Trust Us We Re Experts Pa

Author : Sheldon Rampton
ISBN : 9781101144060
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34. 25 MB
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The authors of Toxic Sludge Is Good for You! unmask the sneaky and widespread methods industry uses to influence opinion through bogus experts, doctored data, and manufactured facts. We count on the experts. We count on them to tell us who to vote for, what to eat, how to raise our children. We watch them on TV, listen to them on the radio, read their opinions in magazine and newspaper articles and letters to the editor. We trust them to tell us what to think, because there’s too much information out there and not enough hours in a day to sort it all out. We should stop trusting them right this second. In their new book Trust Us, We’re Experts!: How Industry Manipulates Science and Gambles with Your Future, Sheldon Rampton and John Stauber, authors of Toxic Sludge Is Good For You, offer a chilling exposé on the manufacturing of "independent experts." Public relations firms and corporations know well how to exploit your trust to get you to buy what they have to sell: Let you hear it from a neutral third party, like a professor or a pediatrician or a soccer mom or a watchdog group. The problem is, these third parties are usually anything but neutral. They have been handpicked, cultivated, and meticulously packaged in order to make you believe what they have to say—preferably in an "objective" format like a news show or a letter to the editor. And in some cases, they have been paid handsomely for their "opinions." For example: You think that nonprofit organizations just give away their stamps of approval on products? Bristol-Myers Squibb paid $600,000 to the American Heart Association for the right to display AHA’s name and logo in ads for its cholesterol-lowering drug Pravachol. SmithKline Beecham paid the American Cancer Society $1 million for the right to use its logo in ads for Beecham’s Nicoderm CQ and Nicorette anti-smoking ads. You think that a study out of a prestigious university is completely unbiased? In 1997, Georgetown University’s Credit Research Center issued a study which concluded that many debtors are using bankruptcy as an excuse to wriggle out of their obligations to creditors. Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen cited the study in a Washington Times column and advocated for changes in federal law to make it harder for consumers to file for bankruptcy relief. What Bentsen failed to mention was that the Credit Research Center is funded in its entirety by credit card companies, banks, retailers, and others in the credit industry; that the study itself was produced with a $100,000 grant from VISA USA, Inc. and MasterCard International; and that Bentsen himself had been hired to work as a credit-industry lobbyist. You think that all grassroots organizations are truly grassroots? In 1993, a group called Mothers Opposing Pollution (MOP) appeared, calling itself "the largest women’s environmental group in Australia, with thousands of supporters across the country." Their cause: A campaign against plastic milk bottles. It turned out that the group’s spokesperson, Alana Maloney, was in truth a woman named Janet Rundle, the business partner of a man who did P.R. for the Association of Liquidpaperboard Carton Manufacturers—the makers of paper milk cartons. You think that if a scientist says so, it must be true? In the early 1990s, tobacco companies secretly paid thirteen scientists a total of $156,000 to write a few letters to influential medical journals. One biostatistician received $10,000 for writing a single, eight-paragraph letter that was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. A cancer researcher received $20,137 for writing four letters and an opinion piece to the Lancet, the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, and The Wall Street Journal. Rampton and Sta...

Kivalina

Author : Christine Shearer
ISBN : 9781608461288
Genre : Nature
File Size : 46. 46 MB
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"For the people of Kivalina, Alaska, the price of further climate change denial could be the complete devastation of their lives and culture. Their village must be relocated to survive, but neither the fossil fuel giants or the U.s. government are willing to take full responsibility."--P. [4] of cover.

Brandishing The First Amendment

Author : Tamara Piety
ISBN : 9780472117925
Genre : Law
File Size : 23. 50 MB
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Tamara R. Piety argues that increasingly expansive First Amendment protections for commercial speech imperil public health, safety, and welfare; the reliability of commercial and consumer information; the stability of financial markets; and the global environment. Using evidence from public relations and marketing, behavioral economics, psychology, and cognitive studies, she shows how overly permissive extensions of protections to commercial expression limit governmental power to address a broad range of public policy issues.

Proceedings Of The Xii International Symposium On Biological Control Of Weeds

Author : M. H. Julien
ISBN : 9781845935061
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 64 MB
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These proceedings contain the full-length papers and abstracts of papers presented at the symposium. Subjects covered include: ecology and modelling in biological control of weeds; benefits, risks and cost analysis of biological weed control; target and biological control agent selection; pre-release specificity and efficacy testing; regulations and public awareness; evolutionary processes; opportunities and constraints for the biological control of weeds in Europe; release activities and post-release evaluations; and management specifics, integration, restoration and implementation.

Arguments And Arguing

Author : Thomas A. Hollihan
ISBN : 1577663624
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56. 29 MB
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The primary focus of the updated, second edition has not changed-it embraces the narrative or storytelling approach to the study of argumentation. The first section introduces readers to rhetorical theorists and their principles. These significant contributions to the field of argumentation and debate include Aristotle's views on audiences and the ethical character of an advocate, Burke's dramatistic theory of communication, Brockriede's metaphorical image of arguers, Fisher's narrative paradigm, Mill's guidelines for testing the causal correlation, Perelman and Obrechts-Tyteca's conception of a universal audience, Rokeach's definition of values, and Toulmin's model for developing and analyzing argument claims and his conception of arguments as field dependent. Hollihan and Baaske's discussions of these ideas and their applications are easy to follow, unencumbered by technical jargon, and illustrated with engaging examples drawn from current and well-known historical events. The key to the success of this text is the authors' ability to show readers how foundational principles of argumentation are used in a variety of real-world situations. The second section covers specialized contexts such as academic debates, courts of law, politics, business and organizations, and interpersonal relationships. Activities that stimulate critical thinking and the implementation of the ideas discussed are provided at the end of each chapter.

The Origin Persistence And Failings Of Hiv Aids Theory

Author : Henry H. Bauer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122863074
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 16 MB
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"This work challenges the belief that HIV is the cause of AIDS. Among the many topics explored are the failings of HIV testing, statistical evidence that HIV is not a sexually transmitted disease, and problems caused by the differing diagnostic criteria for AIDS around the world"--Provided by publisher.

Leslie S

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89096113345
Genre : New York (N.Y.)
File Size : 44. 14 MB
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