translation and its regulation in cancer biology and medicine

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Translation And Its Regulation In Cancer Biology And Medicine

Author : Armen Parsyan
ISBN : 9789401790789
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 28 MB
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This book, for the first time, comprehensively assembles and analyzes a large body of information on the role of the fundamental mechanism of the protein biosynthesis pathway, translation, in cancer biology. It systematically explores the function of the translation machinery and its regulation, including cell signaling, in the development, maintenance and progression of human cancer. The work presented here unveils the tremendous potential and applications of this vast and exciting branch of genetic, biochemical and molecular science in cancer medicine and drug development. Chapters contributed by experts in the field take the reader on a journey that starts with a dissection of the translation machinery and its regulation in norm and cancer. Later chapters characterize etiological and pathogenetic roles that translation plays in specific cancer types. Various aspects of diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic significance of the translation machinery and its control in cancer are discussed. Readers will discover the importance of the process of translation and its regulatory mechanisms in physiology and cancer biology. The chapters and the numerous illustrations included here were contributed by expert scientists and clinicians from renowned academic and clinical establishments in Canada, the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Belgium, Spain, Germany and Australia. The book conveys information and knowledge that may interest a broad range of students and scholars ranging from basic scientists to clinicians and drug developers seeking to better understand the protein synthesis and its aberrations in cancer biology and cancer medicine.

Translational Control In Biology And Medicine

Author : Michael Mathews
ISBN : 9780879697679
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 43 MB
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Updated and broadened 3rd edition. Since the last edition was published, the structures of the bacterial and eukaryotic ribosomes have been published, adding substantially to our knowledge of the basic mechanisms of translation. Understanding of how translation is regulated, by both protein and RNA regulators, has also advanced considerable. In addition, the current manifesttion of this volume has a significant focus on the role of translational control in human development and disease.

Therapeutic Strategies In Cancer Biology And Pathology

Author : Gajanan V. Sherbet
ISBN : 9780124165908
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 40 MB
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Currently, intensive effort is being directed toward the identification of molecular targets that can provide approaches to the development of novel therapeutic strategies in cancer management. This book focuses on metastasis-associated genes, metastasis promoter and suppressor genes, which relate specifically to behavioral alterations of cancer cells in epithelial mesenchymal transition, cancer stem cell maintenance and propagation, and to the acquisition of invasive and metastasis faculty. The function of these genes has implications for cell cycle regulation and cell proliferation and so constitute an essential element in cancer growth and dissemination. The emphasis in this book is on how appropriate these genes are as molecular targets and how practicable are the constituents of their signal transduction systems as potential candidates and how accessible they are to targeted therapy. Written in a straightforward and clear style with background information supporting the new research, this book will be useful for students and researchers in cancer therapies. Identifies molecular targets and their accessibility for therapeutic intervention Provides information on biological features of tumor development and dissemination Background information provided for each topic

Cell Death Signaling In Cancer Biology And Treatment

Author : Daniel Johnson
ISBN : 9781461458470
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 62 MB
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A key goal in the treatment of cancer is to achieve selective and efficient killing of tumor cells. The aim of Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment is to describe state-of-the-art approaches and future opportunities for achieving this goal by targeting mechanisms and pathways that regulate cancer cell death. In this book, molecular defects in cell death signaling that characterize cancer cells, including dysregulation of cell death due to overexpression/hyperactivation of oncoproteins, as well as the loss of tumor suppressor proteins will be described. The potential for targeting microRNAs will be discussed. Multiple chapters will describe preclinical and clinical approaches that are currently being used to target epigenetic modifications, DNA repair pathways, and protein chaperones, as a means of provoking tumor cell death. Finally, the development and application of novel agents and approaches for targeting specific components of cell death signaling pathways and machinery will be reviewed.

The Long And Short Non Coding Rnas In Cancer Biology

Author : Erwei Song
ISBN : 9789811014987
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 84 MB
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The book conveys a comprehensive knowledge of long and short ncRNAs in cancer regulation and their potentials as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Topics covered include the molecular mechanisms of various classes of ncRNAs (with emphasis on long non-coding RNAs and microRNAs) in cancer, the functional roles of ncRNAs in regulating different cancer hallmarks (including proliferation, apoptosis, stem-cell properties, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metabolism, angiogenesis, tumor-host interactions and therapeutic resistance), the role of ncRNAs in regulating cancer signaling circuitry programs (highlighting their involvement in c-myc, p53 and NFkB signaling), a systemic summary of clinical and preclinical studies that evaluate the potential of ncRNA signatures for cancer diagnosis and prognosis and strategies to delivery short ncRNAs as therapeutic molecules for cancer treatment. This book may serve as a comprehensive resource for researchers, graduate students and oncologists in ncRNA and cancer research and help drug development by identifying ncRNA targets.

Translating Micrornas To The Clinic

Author : Jeffrey Laurence
ISBN : 9780128005545
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 6 MB
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Translating microRNA to the Clinic reviews the possibilities of current methodological tools and experimental approaches used by leading translational researchers. The book features the uses of micro ribonucleic acid as deployed in cancer targeting in biomarkers, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration, among many others. Pedagogically, the work concentrates on the latest knowledge, laboratory techniques, and experimental approaches used by translational research leaders in this field, promoting a cross-disciplinary communication between the sub-specialities of medicine, but in common with other books on the topic. In addition, the book emphasizes recent innovations, critical barriers to progress, the new tools that are being used to overcome them, and specific areas of research that require additional study to advance the field as a whole. Encompasses the latest innovations and tools being used to apply microRNA from lab to clinic“/li> Extensive pedagogical updates aiming to improve the education of translational researchers in this field Transdisciplinary approach aims to support cross-fertilization between different sub-specialties of medicine

Cancer Theranostics

Author : Xiaoyuan Chen
ISBN : 9780124078840
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 81 MB
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Aiding researchers seeking to eliminate multi-step procedures, reduce delays in treatment and ease patient care, Cancer Theranostics reviews, assesses, and makes pertinent clinical recommendations on the integration of comprehensive in vitro diagnostics, in vivo molecular imaging, and individualized treatments towards the personalization of cancer treatment. Cancer Theranostics describes the identification of novel biomarkers to advance molecular diagnostics of cancer. The book encompasses new molecular imaging probes and techniques for early detection of cancer, and describes molecular imaging-guided cancer therapy. Discussion also includes nanoplatforms incorporating both cancer imaging and therapeutic components, as well as clinical translation and future perspectives. Supports elimination of multi-step approaches and reduces delays in treatments through combinatorial diagnosis and therapy Fully assesses cancer theranostics across the emergent field, with discussion of biomarkers, molecular imaging, imaging guided therapy, nanotechnology, and personalized medicine Content bridges laboratory, clinic, and biotechnology industries to advance biomedical science and improve patient management

Genomic Medicine

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Science and Technology Committee
ISBN : 0108444503
Genre : Genetic screening
File Size : 43. 40 MB
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Volume 1 Report also available (ISBN 9780108444517). Genomic medicine has developed from the sequencing of the human genome

Advances In Cancer Research

Author : George F. Vande Woude
ISBN : 0080488226
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 25 MB
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Advances in Cancer Research

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author : Bruce Alberts
ISBN : 9781317563747
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 11 MB
Format : PDF
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

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