trade health and the environment the european union put to the test routledge explorations in environmental studies

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Trade Health And The Environment

Author : Marjolein van Asselt
ISBN : 9781134595655
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 59 MB
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The trade conflicts that the EU has faced within the EU or WTO context demonstrate that the question of how to balance trade and other societal values in situations of uncertainty has not been solved by the regulatory model evolved by the EU in the aftermath of the BSE crisis – one which privileges processes of depoliticisation and scientification. This book addresses the current key dilemmas around science, law and the regulation of trade, both on a regime level and in the context of particular industrial sectors, e.g pharmaceuticals, climate change and nanotechnology. It will present possible future research avenues by looking at both theory and practice and learning from various disciplines (law and social sciences), legal realities (WTO, USA and EU) and actors (regulators, stakeholders, courts).

The Eu And Nanotechnologies

Author : Tanja Ehnert
ISBN : 9781509908516
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 2 MB
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This book investigates the role of law in confronting major societal transformations embodied by the emergence of nanotechnologies. Taking the case of the European Union, it explores who the key decision-makers in the regulation of nanotechnologies are and how they take decisions. The questions are explored through two distinct case studies: the food and chemicals sectors. The book charts an incremental retreat of the European Union to its executive powers, including 'soft law' measures such as agencies' guidelines or implementing measures. This, the author argues, results in the Union's fundamental democratic control mechanisms, the EU legislature and the Court of Justice of the EU, being circumvented. The book recommends several immediate proposals to reform EU risk regulation, advocating a greater reliance on the European Parliament and outlining measures to increase the transparency of guidance drafting by EU agencies. This important work provides a timely examination of how emerging technologies pose both regulatory and democratic challenges.

Between Flexibility And Disintegration

Author : Bruno De Witte
ISBN : 9781783475896
Genre :
File Size : 51. 92 MB
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Differentiation was at first not perceived as a threat to the European project, but rather as a tool to promote further integration. Today, more EU policies than ever are marked by concentric circles of integration and a lack of uniform application. As the EU faces increasingly existential challenges, this timely book considers whether the proliferation of mechanisms of flexibility has contributed to this newly fragile state or whether, to the contrary, differentiation has been fundamental to integration despite the heterogeneity of national interests and priorities.

Making Transnational Law Work In The Global Economy

Author : Pieter H. F. Bekker
ISBN : 9781139492140
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 44 MB
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This tribute to Professor Detlev Vagts of the Harvard Law School brings together his colleagues at Harvard and the American Society of International Law, as well as academics, judges and practitioners, many of them his former students. Their essays span the entire spectrum of modern transnational law: international law in general; transnational economic law; and transnational lawyering and dispute resolution. The contributors evaluate established fields of transnational law, such as the protection of property and investment, and explore new areas of law which are in the process of detaching themselves from the nation-state such as global administrative law and the regulation of cross-border lawyering. The implications of decentralised norm-making, the proliferation of dispute settlement mechanisms and the rising backlash against global legal interdependence in the form of demands for preserving state legal autonomy are also examined.

Health Policy And European Union Enlargement

Author : Mckee
ISBN : 9780335226443
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 84 MB
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While there may be consensus on the broader issues of the core objectives of the health care system, expectations differ between EU countries, and European national policy-makers. This book seeks firstly to assess the impact of the enlargement process and then to analyse the challenges that lie ahead in the field of health and health policy.

Health Hazards And Public Debate

Author : Carlos Dora
ISBN : 9789289010702
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 81 MB
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This publication is based on research into the strategies used to communicate information to the public about the risks of BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) and CJD (Creutzfeldt Jakob disease) in four European countries (the UK, Germany, Italy and Finland) between 1985 and 2000, through political means and health information systems as well as through mass media reporting of the issue. It considers the lessons to be learned from the BSE/CJD crisis, given the need for timely and effective communication on real and perceived risks in such situations, both to prevent and to respond to food and environmental health scares. The book approaches the debate about effective risk communication as an evolving and interactive process between decision makers and their publics, and emphasises the importance of creating mechanisms for interaction at all stages of policy-making. Using a range of qualitative and quantitative methods, the research also looks at the way people construct their perceptions about risk and how they make decisions on risk avoidance.

Children S Health And Environment

Author : Lucianne Licari
ISBN : 9789289013741
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45. 96 MB
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In June 2004, the 52 countries in the WHO European region agreed to adopt the Childrens Environment and Health Action Plan for Europe, setting out a framework for national policy implementation in relation to environmental risk factors and their effects on childrens health. This publication contains guidance on the development of national action plans suited to each countrys circumstances, priorities and resources, whilst still addressing region-wide environmental risk factors.

Limits To Free Trade

Author : David Hanson
ISBN : 9781849803342
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 64 MB
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Limits to Free Trade ranges over a wide diversity of relevant issues ranging from international agreements, to regional trade policies, to import trade barriers, to movements for trade reforms. Informed, informative, and strongly recommended for academic library reference and resource collections, Limits to Free Trade is a model of detailed and articulate scholarship. The Midwest Book Review This book explores the growing list of non-tariff trade barriers raised by the US, EU and Japan and assesses the prospects for significant trade liberalization. The author examines the liability of global free trade through a review of the complaints that these three countries raised about each other over a five-year period. He concludes that free trade may be increasingly hampered as barriers are created more rapidly than can be resolved, and that the prospects for significantly strengthening safeguards are limited. These issues are analyzed in the contexts of the major WTO trade agreements and the political economy of decision-making in the US, EU and Japan. The author concludes that the growing problems are endemic to the system and are not amenable to easy remedy. He tackles topics including international agreements, the trade policy processes in the three regions, issues concerning trade practices, import trade barriers in the EU, and prospects for reform. Scholars, students and practitioners in business economics, international business, and international economics will find much of interest in this book.

Global Value Chains In A Changing World

Author : Deborah Kay Elms
ISBN : 9287038821
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44. 32 MB
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A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek

Exposure Science In The 21st Century

Author : Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century
ISBN : 9780309264686
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 2 MB
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From the use of personal products to our consumption of food, water, and air, people are exposed to a wide array of agents each day--many with the potential to affect health. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy investigates the contact of humans or other organisms with those agents (that is, chemical, physical, and biologic stressors) and their fate in living systems. The concept of exposure science has been instrumental in helping us understand how stressors affect human and ecosystem health, and in efforts to prevent or reduce contact with harmful stressors. In this way exposure science has played an integral role in many areas of environmental health, and can help meet growing needs in environmental regulation, urban and ecosystem planning, and disaster management. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy explains that there are increasing demands for exposure science information, for example to meet needs for data on the thousands of chemicals introduced into the market each year, and to better understand the health effects of prolonged low-level exposure to stressors. Recent advances in tools and technologies--including sensor systems, analytic methods, molecular technologies, computational tools, and bioinformatics--have provided the potential for more accurate and comprehensive exposure science data than ever before. This report also provides a roadmap to take advantage of the technologic innovations and strategic collaborations to move exposure science into the future.

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