thirst and sodium appetite physiological basis

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Thirst And Sodium Appetite

Author : Sebastian Grossman
ISBN : 9780323157049
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 64 MB
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Thirst and Sodium Appetite: Physiological Basis describes the phenomenon of thirst and the mechanisms that define the need for water. Thirst and appetite has generated much study and research about the physiological, endocrinological, and pharmacological mechanisms that influence water intake. However, in this book, other concerns have been emphasized, such as the significance of brain mechanisms in the subject matter. This book, consisting of 11 chapters, starts with a basic description of thirst then to an analysis of basic physiological mechanisms that determine water intake. Another topic also discussed in this book is various experimental paradigms that resulted to the dual-depletion theory of thirst. The neuroanatomical, neuroendocrinological, and neuropharmacological brain mechanisms are covered in three chapters of this book. These brain mechanisms respond to different peripheral signals that stimulate the thirst. The final chapters are dedicated to sodium appetite. Although it has lesser literature than thirst has, there have been significant developments in the understanding of the role of sodium appetite in extracellular thirst. The last chapter reviews the questions that has kept investigators at bay and recommends direction of where future research may go.

Thirst And Sodium Appetite

Author : Sebastian Peter Grossman
ISBN : UOM:39015020794577
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 16 MB
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The Physiology Of Thirst And Sodium Appetite

Author : James Thomas Fitzsimons
ISBN : 0521222923
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 52 MB
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The Physiology Of Thirst And Sodium Appetite

Author : G. de Caro
ISBN : 9781475703665
Genre : Nature
File Size : 31. 92 MB
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The behavioral neuroscience of thirst and sodium appetite are research ventures that have expanded dramatically in recent years. Work done in the mid-1950s and early 1960s made it clear that drinking behavior could be affected by direct manipulations of the brain, especially by brain damage and by pharmacological treat ments. Since that. time experimental approaches have diversified and the research enterprise has attracted the interest of a broad international community of scientists. Many aspects of both thirst and sodium appetite are being studied. The most prominent of these are: 1) phylogenetic and ontogenetic aspects of the phenomena of drink ing behavior, 2) the mechanisms of a variety of dipsogenic and antidipsogenic treatments, both drugs and hormones, 3) the biological controls of drinking and their interaction with the regulation of blood volume and blood pressure, 4) the peripheral signals of drinking including the role of the baro- and volume-receptors, 5) the receptor systems within the brain and the neuroanatomical circuitry for thirst and sodium appetite, and 6) the possible roles of brain sodium and of the hormones of sodium conservation ln the arousal of sodium appetite. This acceleration of basic research activity has given in sights into the clinical disorders of thirst and salt appetite and has produced pharmacological agents of potential therapeutic use.

The Renin Angiotensin System

Author : Hideshi Kobayashi
ISBN : 9783642611643
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 48 MB
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The renin-angiotensin system and the mechanisms regulating this system developed during the adaptive evolution of verte brates, along with many other systems involved in the in tegrated survival of the organism. Because animal species have evolved from common ancestral populations, a basis for the comparison of body structures and physiological processes ex ists among animal groups belonging to different classifications. The comparative approach provides a better understanding of the structure and function of adaptive systems and facilitates the development of general principles governing these systems among animal groups; further, this approach reveals significant characteristics specific to certain animal groups. As the evolu tion of adaptation of animals to environmental conditions is explored, directions for future research are suggested. In this book, advances in research on the renin-angiotensin system are described with emphasis on the comparative aspects. However, since studies on the renin-angiotensin system of birds, reptiles, amphibians and fishes are limited compared with those con ducted in mammals, in some chapters descriptions are con cerned primarily with mammals. It has taken a long time to write this volume, and the topic is a broad one, with new data always emerging; therefore, certain aspects, and sometimes the most recent information, may not be included. Chapters 1-3 and sections 8. 1-8. 4,8. 6, 8. 7 were written by H. K. ; Chapters 4-7 and Section 8. 5 by Y. T. ; Chapter 9 was written by both authors. H. Uemura, M. Nozaki, Y. Okawara, We are indebted to Drs.

Thirst

Author : David J. Ramsay
ISBN : 9781447118176
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54. 83 MB
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At one time or another, everyone has said "I am thirsty". Yet what causes this sensation of thirst? It is obvious that a certain quantity of fluid must be present for the body to function normally. How does a water deficit in the body then influence drinking habits? But supposing the physiological need is met, what about the psychological need or social need? Water is certainly the most necessary fluid; then why do we humans often prefer other beverages, even at great cost of effort or money or health? The subject of thirst and drinking behavior are uniquely discussed in this book. For the first time both the physiological and the psychological aspects of water and beverage consumption are examined in one volume. The many recent developments concerning how a lack of water is signalled physiologically and processed neurally to affect drinking behavior are critically surveyed. Prospects for understanding the cultural and sensory influences on beverage consumption are mapped out. The thirty-one chapters by authorities in the field were all mutually reviewed and revised in the light of precirculated comments and round-table discussions. Together they provide a complete picture of the current state of knowledge on what determines fluid consumption in human beings and animals.

Thirst

Author : Barbara J. Rolls
ISBN : 0521229189
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 95 MB
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This book describes the control of thirst and water intake, and the physiology and psychology of drinking.

Neurobiology Of Food And Fluid Intake

Author : E. Stricker
ISBN : UOM:39015015103420
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 68 MB
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Hunger For Salt

Author : Derek A. Denton
ISBN : 3540112863
Genre : Salt in the body
File Size : 76. 66 MB
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Drugs Enzymes And Receptors Of The Renin Angiotensin System

Author : Ahsan Husain
ISBN : 9058230384
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 24 MB
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Since 1898, when Tigerstadt and Bergman first extracted renin from rabbit kidney, the reninrugs, Enzymes and Receptors of the Renin is designed to highlight molecular and clinical approaches to understanding the renin Chapter topics have been specifically chosen to cover selected contemporary, controversial and unresolved issues. A novel and unique feature of this book is that a commentary on each chapter, written by an independent peer or peers, is included to present alternative views, greater depth and a different perspective. Clinicians and researchers alike will find this volume a stimulating, and perhaps even entertaining, addition to their libraries. .

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