thermodynamics and equations of state for matter from ideal gas to quark gluon plasma

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Thermodynamics And Equations Of State For Matter

Author : Vladimir Fortov
ISBN : 9789814749213
Genre :
File Size : 65. 87 MB
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionPhase States of Matter, Their ClassificationEquations of State of Gases and LiquidsQuantum-Mechanical Models of a SolidPlasma ThermodynamicsMonte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics MethodsStatistical Substance ModelDensity Functional MethodPhase TransitionsSemi-Empirical Equations of StateRelativistic Plasma. Wide–Range DescriptionNuclear Transformations Under Strong CompressionQuark–Gluon Plasma and Strange MatterSemi-Empiric Nuclear ModelsBibliography Readership: The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Thermodynamics And Equations Of State For Matter

Author : Vladimr E. Fortov
ISBN : 9814749192
Genre : Equations of state
File Size : 45. 22 MB
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Thermodynamics Of Fluids Under Flow

Author : D. Jou
ISBN : 9783662044148
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 75 MB
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Based on the authors’ successful theory for extended irreversible thermodynamics, the book analyzes the thermodynamic aspects of several phenomena induced by the flow in fluid systems.

Quark Gluon Plasma And Heavy Ion Collisions

Author : Marzia Nardi
ISBN : 9812381740
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 45 MB
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This book offers the unique possibility of tackling the problem of hadronic deconfinement from different perspectives. After general introductions to the physical issues, from both the theoretical and the experimental point of view, the book presents the most recent expertise on field theory approaches to the QCD phase diagram, many-body techniques and applications, the dynamics of phase transitions, and phenomenological analysis of relativistic heavy ion collisions. One of the major goals of this book is to promote interchange among those fields of research, which have traditionally been cultivated by different communities of physicists. The contributions in the book help in obtaining deep comprehension of this new state of matter, a system of deconfined quarks and gluons. At the same time the book offers a few examples of how the seeds of the deconfined state are looked for in the phenomenological analysis of the observables measured in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The main topics are dealt with in a pedagogical style, suitable for beginners as well as experienced researchers.

Hadrons And Quark Gluon Plasma

Author : Jean Letessier
ISBN : 1139433032
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 60 MB
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Before matter as we know it emerged, the universe was filled with the primordial state of hadronic matter called quark–gluon plasma. This hot soup of quarks and gluons is effectively an inescapable consequence of our current knowledge about the fundamental hadronic interactions: quantum chromodynamics. This book covers the ongoing search to verify the prediction experimentally and discusses the physical properties of this novel form of matter. It begins with an overview of the subject, followed by discussion of experimental methods and results. The second half of the book covers hadronic matter in confined and deconfined form, and strangeness as a signature of the quark–gluon phase. Covering the basics as well as more advanced material, it is ideal as an introduction for graduate students, as well as providing a valuable reference for researchers already working in this and related fields.

Inis Atomindex

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015039845477
Genre : Nuclear energy
File Size : 46. 83 MB
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Physics And Astrophysics Of Quark Gluon Plasma

Author : Dinesh Kumar Srivastava
ISBN : 8173191670
Genre : Heavy ion collisions
File Size : 83. 10 MB
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Contributed papers presented at the Third International Conference on Physics and Astrophysics of Quark-Gluon Plasma, held at Jaipur, India in 1997?

The Physics Of The Quark Gluon Plasma

Author : Sourav Sarkar
ISBN : 9783642022852
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 37 MB
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The aim of this book is to offer to the next generation of young researchers a broad and largely self-contained introduction to the physics of heavy ion collisions and the quark-gluon plasma, providing material beyond that normally found in the available textbooks. For each of the main aspects - QCD thermodynamics and global features of the QGP, collision hydrodynamics, electromagnetic probes, jet and quarkonium production, color glass condensate, and the gravity connection - the present volume provides extensive and pedagogical lectures, surveying the present status of both theory and experiment. A particular feature of this volume is that all lectures have been written with the active assistance of selected students present at the course in order to ensure the adequate level and coverage for the intended readership.

Big Data

Author : Fei Hu
ISBN : 9781498734875
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88. 35 MB
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Although there are already some books published on Big Data, most of them only cover basic concepts and society impacts and ignore the internal implementation details—making them unsuitable to R&D people. To fill such a need, Big Data: Storage, Sharing, and Security examines Big Data management from an R&D perspective. It covers the 3S designs—storage, sharing, and security—through detailed descriptions of Big Data concepts and implementations. Written by well-recognized Big Data experts around the world, the book contains more than 450 pages of technical details on the most important implementation aspects regarding Big Data. After reading this book, you will understand how to: Aggregate heterogeneous types of data from numerous sources, and then use efficient database management technology to store the Big Data Use cloud computing to share the Big Data among large groups of people Protect the privacy of Big Data during network sharing With the goal of facilitating the scientific research and engineering design of Big Data systems, the book consists of two parts. Part I, Big Data Management, addresses the important topics of spatial management, data transfer, and data processing. Part II, Security and Privacy Issues, provides technical details on security, privacy, and accountability. Examining the state of the art of Big Data over clouds, the book presents a novel architecture for achieving reliability, availability, and security for services running on the clouds. It supplies technical descriptions of Big Data models, algorithms, and implementations, and considers the emerging developments in Big Data applications. Each chapter includes references for further study.

Melting Hadrons Boiling Quarks From Hagedorn Temperature To Ultra Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions At Cern

Author : Johann Rafelski
ISBN : 9783319175454
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 9 MB
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This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma -- announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gaździcki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and to the rise of the experimental relativistic heavy ion collision program. These parts contain previously unpublished material authored by Hagedorn and Rafelski: conference retrospectives, research notes, workshop reports, in some instances abbreviated to avoid duplication of material, and rounded off with the editor's explanatory notes. About the editor: Johann Rafelski is a theoretical physicist working at The University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. Bor n in 1950 in Krakow, Poland, he received his Ph.D. with Walter Greiner in Frankfurt, Germany in 1973. Rafelski arrived at CERN in 1977, where in a joint effort with Hagedorn he contributed greatly to the establishment of the relativistic heavy ion collision, and quark-gluon plasma research fields. Moving on, with stops in Frankfurt and Cape Town, to Arizona, he invented and developed the strangeness quark flavor as the signature of quark-gluon plasma.

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