thermodynamics and applications of hydrocarbons energy production

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Thermodynamics And Applications Of Hydrocarbon Energy Production

Author : Abbas Firoozabadi
ISBN : 9780071843300
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 86 MB
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This state-of-the-art guide presents a systematic methodology for applying thermodynamics principles in the many areas of the hydrocarbon energy industry Thermodynamics and Applications in Hydrocarbon Energy Production lays out a unified view of classical thermodynamics and teaches how to effectively put those theories to work in fuel exploration, preparation, and refinement. Shale gas and oil development is a relatively new subject in petroleum engineering and is the main focus of the U.S. energy industry—this book addresses these important issues. The use of thermodynamics in reservoir, transportation system, surface facility, and refinery development is covered in full detail. Advanced chapters explain leading-edge techniques, including molecular simulation. High-quality illustrations and tables are featured throughout Each chapter includes examples, theory extensions, and problems Provides practical solutions to key engineering problems Written by a world-renowned petroleum reservoir engineering expert

Flow Assurance Solids In Oil And Gas Production

Author : Jon Steinar Gudmundsson
ISBN : 9781351733168
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 25 MB
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The precipitation and deposition of solids are a major challenge in the production of oil and gas. Flow assurance solids are formed because of unavoidable changes in temperature, pressure and composition of the oil-gas-water flowstream, from reservoir conditions to processing conditions. The advent of subsea production and the increased exploitation of heavy crudes have made flow assurance issues dominant in ensuring efficient and safe exploitation of hydrocarbon assets. Five troublesome flow assurance solids are described in the book: asphaltene, paraffin wax, natural gas hydrate, naphthenate and inorganic scale. These big-five solids are presented in stand-alone chapters. Each chapter is designed to be readable without clutter. Derivations of equations and descriptions of supporting details are given in several appendices. The book is intended for professional engineers and natural scientist working in E&P companies, engineering companies, service companies and specialized companies. An understanding of the big-five solids is required throughout the lifetime of oil and gas assets, from early development to abandonment. The technical, safety and environmental risks associated with deposition problems in near-wellbore formations, production tubing, wellhead equipment, flowlines and processing facilities, are relevant for decisions in the oil and gas industry and in outside regulatory and financial entities.

Compositional Grading In Oil And Gas Reservoirs

Author : Rogerio Oliveira Esposito
ISBN : 9780128124536
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 63 MB
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Compositional Grading in Oil and Gas Reservoirs offers instruction, examples, and case studies on how to answer the challenges of modeling a compositional gradient subject. Starting with the basics on PVT analysis, applied thermodynamics, and full derivations of irreversible thermodynamic-based equations, this critical reference explains gravity-modified equations to be applied to reservoirs, enabling engineers to obtain fluid composition at any point of the reservoir from measured data to create a stronger model calibration. Once model-parameters are re-estimated, new sensibility can be acquired for more accurate modeling of composition, aiding engineers with stronger production curves, reserve estimations, and design of future development strategies. Multiple examples and case studies are included to show the application of the theory from very simple to more complex systems, such as actual reservoirs influenced by thermal diffusion and gravity simultaneously. Other example include a layer for which asphaltene precipitation takes place in the reservoir and three –phase flash algorithms for liquid-liquid-vapor equilibrium calculations, detailing the techniques necessary to ensure convergence. The book combines practical studies with the importance in modeling more complex phenomena, filling a gap for current and upcoming reservoir engineers to expand on solutions and make sense of their reservoir’s output results. Presents a deeper level of detail on the heterogeneity composition and thermo-physical properties of petroleum fluids in the reservoir Includes tactics on how to Increase reliability of reservoir simulation initialization, with practice examples at the end of each chapter Helps readers make sense of compositional grading, with coverage on both theory and application that fulfill a gap in research on reservoir simulation

Thermodynamics Of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs

Author : Abbas Firoozabadi
ISBN : 0070220719
Genre : Nature
File Size : 30. 71 MB
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The main issue in hydrocarbon reservoirs is the recovery of oil from underground. If a hole (.e., a well) is punched and nothing else is done one may produce only 20% of the oil. The Hole may fail and collapse. Thermodynamics provides a theoretical framework for efficient hydrocarbon exploration. It also helps to keep a well wide open. Crude oil consists of million of components and a change in pressure or temperature may cause the formation of solids, which can plug the medium. Again thermodynamics can tell you what to do. We can use thermodynamics models to increase oil recovery in hydrocarbon reservoir from 20% to 50% percent. Thermodynamic models can also be used for the design of processing plants in chemical industries and gas processing industries. The main goal of the book is to provide an in-depth- thermodynamic framework for solving certain petroleum and chemical engineering problems. The thermodynamic framework is also useful for solving certain problems in other engineering disciplines as well as in physics and chemistry.

Gasification For Synthetic Fuel Production

Author : R Luque
ISBN : 9780857098085
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 62 MB
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Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock. Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production Outlines the different applications of gasification technology

The Yaws Handbook Of Thermodynamic Properties For Hydrocarbons And Chemicals

Author : Carl L. Yaws
ISBN : 1933762071
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 30 MB
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"Written by one of the most prolific and well-respected chemical engineers that the industry has ever produced. The Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties of Hydrocarbons and Chemicals is the most comprehensive and thorough volume ever written on the thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbons and chemicals. Carl Yaws is the world's foremost authority on vapor pressure and the properties of chemicals and he again proves it in this follow up to his important work published in 2005 by GPC Books, The Yaws' Handbook of Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons and Chemicals. Covering the thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbons and chemicals, this volume covers the spectrum, including chapters on the heat capacity and entropy of gas, the heat capacity and entropy of solids, the heat capacity of liquids, the entropy of formation and many other topics. Including more than 12,800 organic and inorganic chemicals, this resourceful work covers C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics collected together in one volume, making it most useful for any chemical engineer's library. Not just useful for the scientist in the lab or the student, this volume provides valuable information for the engineer working in the field. The design of heat exchangers and other equipment for heating or cooling substances to temperatures necessary in process applications requires knowledge of heat capacity, covered in the first portion of the book. The heat effects of chemical reactions are ascertained from enthalpy of formation, covered in chapter four. Other chapters cover the Helmholtz energy of formation, the Gibbs energy of formation, internal energy of formation and entropy of formation, useful in modeling and ascertaining the energy of explosions. The thermodynamic properties provided in the book are important in design, operations, research, development, environmental and safety, covering literally thousands of compounds. This coverage greatly exceeds the coverage of any other book and makes The Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties of Hydrocarbons and Chemicals a must-have for anyone working in the fields of chemical engineering, process engineering, refining and chemistry."--Publisher's website.

Thermodynamics With Chemical Engineering Applications

Author : Elias I. Franses
ISBN : 9781107069756
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 62 MB
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Master the principles of thermodynamics, and understand their practical real-world applications, with this deep and intuitive undergraduate textbook.

Pvt And Phase Behaviour Of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids

Author : Ali Danesh
ISBN : 0080540058
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 36 MB
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This book on PVT and Phase Behaviour Of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids is volume 47 in the Developments in Petroleum Science series. The chapters in the book are: Phase Behaviour Fundamentals, PVT Tests and Correlations, Phase Equilibria, Equations of State, Phase Behaviour Calculations, Fluid Characterisation, Gas Injection, Interfacial Tension, and Application in Reservoir Simulation.

Advanced Membrane Science And Technology For Sustainable Energy And Environmental Applications

Author : Angelo Basile
ISBN : 9780857093790
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 25 MB
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Membrane materials allow for the selective separation of gas and vapour and for ion transport. Materials research and development continues to drive improvements in the design, manufacture and integration of membrane technologies as critical components in both sustainable energy and clean industry applications. Membrane utilisation offers process simplification and intensification in industry, providing low-cost, and efficient and reliable operation, and contributing towards emissions reductions and energy security. Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications presents a comprehensive review of membrane utilisation and integration within energy and environmental industries. Part one introduces the topic of membrane science and engineering, from the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation to membrane characterization and economic analysis. Part two focuses on membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in coal and gas power plants, including pre- and post-combustion and oxygen transport technologies. Part three reviews membranes for the petrochemical industry, with chapters covering hydrocarbon fuel, natural gas and synthesis gas processing, as well as advanced biofuels production. Part four covers membranes for alternative energy applications and energy storage, such as membrane technology for redox and lithium batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen production. Finally, part five discusses membranes utilisation in industrial and environmental applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and forward osmosis, as well as water, wastewater and nuclear power applications. With its distinguished editors and team of expert contributors, Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications is an essential reference for membrane and materials engineers and manufacturers, as well as researchers and academics interested in this field. Presents a comprehensive review of membrane science and technology, focusing on developments and applications in sustainable energy and clean-industry Discusses the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation and membrane characterization and economic analysis Addresses the key issues of membrane utilisation in coal and gas power plants and the petrochemical industry, the use of membranes for alternative energy applications and membrane utilisation in industrial and environmental applications

Organic Rankine Cycle Orc Power Systems

Author : Ennio Macchi
ISBN : 9780081005118
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 60 MB
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Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems: Technologies and Applications provides a systematic and detailed description of organic Rankine cycle technologies and the way they are increasingly of interest for cost-effective sustainable energy generation. Popular applications include cogeneration from biomass and electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, as well as waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes. With hundreds of ORC power systems already in operation and the market growing at a fast pace, this is an active and engaging area of scientific research and technical development. The book is structured in three main parts: (i) Introduction to ORC Power Systems, Design and Optimization, (ii) ORC Plant Components, and (iii) Fields of Application. Provides a thorough introduction to ORC power systems Contains detailed chapters on ORC plant components Includes a section focusing on ORC design and optimization Reviews key applications of ORC technologies, including cogeneration from biomass, electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes Various chapters are authored by well-known specialists from Academia and ORC manufacturers

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