the year without summer 1816 and the volcano that darkened the world and changed history

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The Year Without Summer

Author : William K. Klingaman
ISBN : 9780312676452
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 20 MB
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Traces a year of dramatic global change in the aftermath of a massive early nineteenth-century Indonesian volcanic eruption that disrupted weather patterns and triggered food shortages, religious revivals, migrations, and a typhus epidemic.

Krakatoa

Author : Simon Winchester
ISBN : 9780141926230
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 43 MB
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Simon Winchester's brilliant chronicle of the destruction of the Indonesian island of Krakatoa in 1883 charts the birth of our modern world. He tells the story of the unrecognized genius who beat Darwin to the discovery of evolution; of Samuel Morse, his code and how rubber allowed the world to talk; of Alfred Wegener, the crack-pot German explorer and father of geology. In breathtaking detail he describes how one island and its inhabitants were blasted out of existence and how colonial society was turned upside-down in a cataclysm whose echoes are still felt to this day.

Volcano Weather

Author : Henry M. Stommel
ISBN : UOM:39015004554708
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 16 MB
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Examines the influence of the eruption of the Indonesian volcano, Mount Tambora, on the weather conditions in Europe and New England.

Eruptions That Shook The World

Author : Clive Oppenheimer
ISBN : 9781139496391
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 79 MB
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What does it take for a volcanic eruption to really shake the world? Did volcanic eruptions extinguish the dinosaurs, or help humans to evolve, only to decimate their populations with a super-eruption 73,000 years ago? Did they contribute to the ebb and flow of ancient empires, the French Revolution and the rise of fascism in Europe in the 19th century? These are some of the claims made for volcanic cataclysm. Volcanologist Clive Oppenheimer explores rich geological, historical, archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records (such as ice cores and tree rings) to tell the stories behind some of the greatest volcanic events of the past quarter of a billion years. He shows how a forensic approach to volcanology reveals the richness and complexity behind cause and effect, and argues that important lessons for future catastrophe risk management can be drawn from understanding events that took place even at the dawn of human origins.

Super Volcano

Author : Greg Breining
ISBN : 9781616738983
Genre : Nature
File Size : 60. 64 MB
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Despite growing evidence of geothermic activity under America's first and foremost national park, it took geologists a long time to realize that there was actually a volcano beneath Yellowstone. And then, why couldn't they find the caldera or crater? Because, as an aerial photograph finally revealed, the caldera is 45 miles wide, encompassing all of Yellowstone. What will happen, in human terms, when it erupts? Greg Breining explores the shocking answer to this question and others in a scientific yet accessible look at the enormous natural disaster brewing beneath the surface of the United States. Yellowstone is one of the world's five "super volcanoes." When it erupts, much of the nation will be hit hard. Though historically Yellowstone has erupted about every 600,000 years, it has not done so for 630,000, meaning it is 30,000 years overdue. Starting with a scenario of what will happen when Yellowstone blows, this fascinating study describes how volcanoes function and includes a timeline of famous volcanic eruptions throughout history.

Volcanoes In Human History

Author : Jelle Zeilinga de Boer
ISBN : 9781400842858
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 64 MB
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When the volcano Tambora erupted in Indonesia in 1815, as many as 100,000 people perished as a result of the blast and an ensuing famine caused by the destruction of rice fields on Sumbawa and neighboring islands. Gases and dust particles ejected into the atmosphere changed weather patterns around the world, resulting in the infamous ''year without a summer'' in North America, food riots in Europe, and a widespread cholera epidemic. And the gloomy weather inspired Mary Shelley to write the gothic novel Frankenstein. This book tells the story of nine such epic volcanic events, explaining the related geology for the general reader and exploring the myriad ways in which the earth's volcanism has affected human history. Zeilinga de Boer and Sanders describe in depth how volcanic activity has had long-lasting effects on societies, cultures, and the environment. After introducing the origins and mechanisms of volcanism, the authors draw on ancient as well as modern accounts--from folklore to poetry and from philosophy to literature. Beginning with the Bronze Age eruption that caused the demise of Minoan Crete, the book tells the human and geological stories of eruptions of such volcanoes as Vesuvius, Krakatau, Mount Pelée, and Tristan da Cunha. Along the way, it shows how volcanism shaped religion in Hawaii, permeated Icelandic mythology and literature, caused widespread population migrations, and spurred scientific discovery. From the prodigious eruption of Thera more than 3,600 years ago to the relative burp of Mount St. Helens in 1980, the results of volcanism attest to the enduring connections between geology and human destiny. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Island On Fire

Author : Alexandra Witze
ISBN : 1605989584
Genre : Nature
File Size : 66. 69 MB
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Can a single explosion change the course of history? An eruption at the end of the 18th century led to years of climate change while igniting famine, disease, even perhaps revolution. Laki is one of Iceland's most fearsome volcanoes. Its eruption in 1783 is one of history's great, untold natural disasters. Spewing out sun-blocking ash and then a poisonous fog for eight long months, the effects of the eruption lingered across the world for years. It caused the deaths of people as far away as the Nile and created catastrophic conditions throughout Europe. Island on Fire is the story not only of a single eruption but the people whose lives it changed, the dawn of modern volcanology, as well as the history--and potential--of other super-volcanoes like Laki around the world. And perhaps most pertinently, in the wake of the eruption of another Icelandic volcano, Eyjafjallajökull, which closed European air space in 2010, acclaimed science writers Witze and Kanipe look at what might transpire should Laki erupt again in our lifetime.

Abraham Lincoln And The Road To Emancipation 1861 1865

Author : William K. Klingaman
ISBN : 9781101218709
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 71. 96 MB
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In this comprehensive account of Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, William K. Klingaman takes a fresh look at what is arguably the most controversial reform in American history. Taking the reader from Lincoln's inauguration through the Civil War to his tragic assassination, it uncovers the complex political and psychological pressures facing Lincoln in his consideration of the slavery question, including his decision to issue the proclamation without consulting any member of his cabinet, and his meticulous attention to every word of the document. The book concludes with a discussion of what the Emancipation Proclamation really meant to four million newly freed blacks and its subsequent impact on race relations in America.

All Standing

Author : Kathryn Miles
ISBN : 9781451610154
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 37 MB
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The story of an infant born at sea highlights the efforts of crewpeople and passengers to secure the survival of Irish citizens fleeing from the potato famine through acts of heroism and human decency.

Supervolcano The Catastrophic Event That Changed The Course Of Human History

Author : Marie D. Jones
ISBN : 9781365856174
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 60 MB
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75,000 years ago, a cataclysmic event occurred that almost wiped out human life. According to a new theory, this event may also have altered the evolution of humankind! This event released more then 3,000 times the energy of Mt. St. Helens, The catastrophic eruption of Toba in Indonesia and its impact, and the strong possibility that another supervolcano may erupt in our lifetime. The Toba eruption caused a severe "population bottleneck" in humans which lead to the extinction of all other branches of our species with the exception of one...the branch that survived Toba and became modern humans. Learn about supervolcanos? What are they? Where they are found? Learn how genetic, geological, and computer studies show that each human today is related to a survivor of Toba. Learn how to prepare for the next supervolcano, which many believe is right here in our own backyard: Yellowstone National Park. Learn why an eruption at Yellowstone could be catastrophic for humanity.

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