the unanimity rule in the revision of treaties a re examination

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The Unanimity Rule In The Revision Of Treaties A Re Examination

Author : Edwin C. Hoyt
ISBN : 9789401195669
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 32 MB
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In international law the authority of the writers has been great and the Statute of the International Court of Justice still takes cognizance of them as subsidiary sources. Yet it has been widely recognized that on many points writers, even of the most respecta ble authority, have merely repeated the statements of their predecessors, sometimes with the result that error or some indivi dual dogma or predilection has been perpetuated. The three-mile limit of territorial waters, for example, was long identified with the range of cannon and with the famous dictum of Galiani until modern historical research revealed more accurately its historical origin in the practice of states. The very definition of internation al law as a law of which only states were subjects impelled to somewhat far-fetched inclusions of certain political entities as "states," and has had at last to yield at least to the concept that an international organization may also be a subject of inter national law. The long repetition of the essential attributes ot states - sovereignty, independence, equality - has not altered the realities of the very great differences between states in respect of each of these attributes. As Cardozo said of definitions, if our preconceived notions of international law do not accord with the facts of international life, so much the worse for those old no tions; they must be revised to be brought into line with reality.

The Unanimity Rule In The Revision Of Treaties

Author : Edwin Chase Hoyt
ISBN : UOM:39015023098083
Genre : Treaties
File Size : 51. 69 MB
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The Problem Of Sovereignty In The Charter And In The Practice Of The United Nations

Author : Djura Ninčić
Genre : Law
File Size : 32. 35 MB
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V Lkerrecht

Author : Wilhelm Wengler
ISBN : 9783642886621
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 83 MB
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Das hier vorgelegte Buch soll nicht bloß eine Darstellung dessen sein, was die heutige Völkerrechtswissenschaft zu ihrem Gegenstand zu sagen hat, versehen etwa mit Zusätzen über die persönliche Auffassung des Autors zu Streitfragen. Hauptanliegen des Verfassers war es vielmehr, die einzelnen Sätze des geltenden Völkerrechts in ihrer Eigenschaft als Rechtsnormen und in ihrem Zusammenhang in einer Rechtsordnung verständlich zu machen, d. h. das Funktionieren des Völkerrechts in den einzelnen Phasen der Bildung des Norminhalts, der Normbefolgung, der Normverletzung, der Realisierung der Unrechtsfolgen und der Fest stellung der unter den Normen relevanten Sachverhalte aufzuzeigen. Erst dies macht es dem Lernenden möglich, den überquellenden Stoff des positiven Rechts zu bewältigen; erst dies ermöglicht es aber auch demjenigen, der praktisch mit dem Völkerrecht zu tun hat - und für diese Benutzer ist das Buch ebenfalls bestimmt -, Möglichkeiten, Grenzen und Technik der Beeinflussung menschlichen Verhaltens durch Völkerrecht richtig zu verstehen. Diese besondere Zielsetzung nötigte zunächst einmal dazu, die rechts theoretischen und rechtssoziologischen Voraussetzungen gründlich zu überprüfen. Begriffe wie Interesse und Zwang, Rechtszwang und Norm adressat, Zurechnung und Rechtssubjekt, Rechtsordnung und Staats interesse usw. , mußten daher neu durchdacht und in ihrer Bedeutung für das Völkerrecht untersucht werden. Soweit hierbei soziologische Ausführungen gemacht werden mußten, hat sich der Verfasser bemüht, mit Rücksicht auf den juristischen Leser die Fachsprache der Soziologie dort zu vermeiden, wo dies möglich erschien.

Stability And Change In The Law Of The Sea

Author : Alex G. Oude Elferink
ISBN : 9789004146136
Genre : Nature
File Size : 41. 69 MB
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This work looks at topics, which can contribute to an understanding of how the Convention has been adapted to newly arising issues and how further adaptation may be achieved in the future, without a readjustment of the basic legal framework contained in the Convention.

The Capacity Of International Organizations To Conclude Treaties And The Special Legal Aspects Of The Treaties So Concluded

Author : Hungdah Chiu
ISBN : 9789401509114
Genre : Law
File Size : 84. 69 MB
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Mter an international organization is established, if it is necessary for it to acquire certain rights or assume duties or new functions not provided in its constitution, there are four techniques to achieve that 1 end. The first is to amend the constitution of the organization. If the organization has only a limited number of members, then this technique is not too cumbersome. But, the procedure for amending a constitution is usually complicated and requires a substantial period of time. Thus this technique has at least the disadvantage of delay. 2 The second technique is to conclude a treaty among the member States of the organization. The organization is not a party to that treaty, but it can acquire some rights, assume some duties, or new functions under the treaty. 3 The disadvantage of this technique is similar to the first one, i. e. , the conclusion of a multilateral treaty may mean delay since the procedure involved is so complicated and cumber some. 1 E. g. , the Constitution of the ILO, Cmd. No. 393 (T. S. No. 4 of 1919), [1919] 13 Foreign ReI. U. S. : Paris Conf. 695 (1947), was amended on October 9, 1946,62 Stat. 3485, T. I. A. S. No. 1868, 15 U. N. T. S.

The Treaty Making Power In The Commonwealth Of Australia

Author : Günther Doeker
ISBN : 9789401195607
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 44 MB
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In the relation of states, treaties are a matter of great importance. The law of treaties and the study of treaty-making procedures in municipal law systems have become both from a theoretical and practical point of view, subjects of increasing interest. The United Nations Legal Committee as well as the International Law Commission have published studies concerned with the relationship of international law and municipal law, emphasizing national practices concerning the conclusion of treaties. In the case of some countries, such as Great Britain and the United States, numerous studies of treaty making problems have been made, but much less has been published in the case of many other countries such as Australia, Canada or India. In the case of Australia, research on treaty-making has resulted in comparatively few published articles in scholarly and legal journals and only a few comments in general legal treatises. But no comprehen sive legal analysis of the subject has as yet appeared. This study aims to present a comprehensive survey and analysis of actual treaty making procedures and practices in Australia against the setting of the relevant constitutional and other legal norms of the Australian political system. The analysis of treaty-making will consider both normative and empirical legal aspects. Basic constitutional norms, legal principles derived from common and constitutional law and statutes will be discussed, as well as the actual practices and procedures used in the exercise of the treaty-making power.

The Oxford Guide To Treaties

Author : Duncan B. Hollis
ISBN : 9780199601813
Genre : Law
File Size : 32. 56 MB
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Giving an overview of the current state of the law and practice in relation to treaties, this edited work is an essential reference for practitioners and legal advisers involved in treaty negotiations or the interpretation of treaties. It also reflects on the current areas of disagreement or ambiguity.

International Responsibility For Hostile Acts Of Private Persons Against Foreign States

Author : Manuel R. García-Mora
ISBN : 9789401507226
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 65 MB
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Mankind's preoccupation with survival in this age has given renewed impetus to the idea of a world community deeply concerned with the prevention of friction between nations. The achievement to date has been largely in terms of efforts to control acts of aggression committed by governments. Most people have assumed that the military rivalry between the great powers is the only threat confronting the world today. While readily conceding that this threat has placed mankind in a highly precarious situation, this book, on the other hand, reflects my conviction that any program designed to attain world peace will be significantly incomplete without the control of hostile actions which private persons have been known to commit against foreign nations. Experience shows that these actions not only endanger the good re lations between states, but are also likely to plunge the world com munity into wars, thus spreading destruction and human suffering everywhere.

The Legal Significance Of The Declarations Of The General Assembly Of The United Nations

Author : Obed Y. Asamoah
ISBN : 9789401194952
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 19 MB
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Mr. Asamoah's book is concerned with an area of growing importance in the evolution of contemporary international law. The traditional division of the sources of International law into custom and treaties has already been supplemented in Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice by the "general principles of law re cognized by civilized nations" and-as subsidiary sources, the judicial decisions and the teachings of highly qualified publicists. But in order to cope with the diversity of international law in our time, we have to look to a far greater variety of sources of international law, and we shall have to recognize that, in accordance with the many-sided character of international law, these sources may vary greatly in intensity. In recent years, Declaratory Resolutions of the General Assembly have been much concerned with the general princi ples of international law. Sometimes these Declarations are interpre tations of the Charter and other instruments; sometimes they are evi dence of state practice and a developing customary international law ; sometimes they formulate new principles which, in some cases will eventually lead to international treaties or new custom, or in other cases will be accepted as authorative statements of international legal principles, in circumstances where a formal treaty cannot be attained. There are many reasons--often of an internal character-which prevent the conclusion of a treaty but not the acceptance of the principles contained in it.

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