the un peace and force peacekeeping

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The Un Peace And Force

Author : Michael Pugh
ISBN : 9781135250461
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 69 MB
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Restoring and maintaining peace within war-torn societies is a relatively new task for the United Nations. This book examines the options for the UN in the use of force to secure peace, and the extent to which peacekeeping can be effectively extended to coerce warring factions. A combination of internationally distinguished academics and new scholars at the forefront of research are represented, making an important contribution to the debate about the role of international military operations in the maintenance of international peace and security.

Legions Of Peace

Author : Philip Cunliffe
ISBN : 184904290X
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 2 MB
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The huge number of security forces stationed around the world as United Nations peace- keepers is second only to the global military deployments of the USA. But most UN peacekeepers come from the emerging powers and developing states that comprise the global South. This is the first book to analyze this phenomenon at the international level. Such unprecedented deployments show that peacekeeping is the most widely tolerated use of force in international affairs today. Far from signaling progress towards global governance, Legions of Peace argues that UN peacekeeping must be understood in the context of continuing economic inequality and the uneven distribution of global power. Philip Cunliffe contends that through UN peacekeeping Western states have used their domination of international institutions to harness the armed forces of the global South. In so doing, Western states seek to reduce the political and military costs of hegemony and stave off their inevitable, long-term decline in power. This strategy has profound political implications. Instead of transcending the "scourge of war," by globalizing peacekeeping the UN has made peace dependent on the extensive and sustained deployment of armed force--a development that bodes ill for the future.

The Oxford Handbook Of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Author : Joachim Koops
ISBN : 9780199686049
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 78 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations offers for the first time a comprehensive overview and assessment of all 67 United Nations peacekeeping operations conducted between 1948 and 2013. Written by leading scholars and senior practitioners the handbook presents a chapter-by-chapter chronological analysis of the historical background, major development and overall effectiveness of each UN peacekeeping operation. In addition, the handbook includes a collection of thematic chapters that examine key issues such as 'major trends of peace operations', 'the link between peacekeeping, humanitarian interventions and the responsibility to protect', 'peacekeeping and international law', 'the UN's inter-organizational partnerships' and 'how to evaluate success or failure'. This handbook brings together leading scholars and senior practitioners in order to provide a comprehensive assessment of the successes, failures and lessons learned of UN peacekeeping since 1948. This is a unique reference book for scholars and practitioners working in the field of international relations, international security, peacekeeping and global governance.

The Use Of Force In Un Peacekeeping

Author : Peter Nadin
ISBN : 9781351332460
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 32 MB
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This edited volume provides a detailed and nuanced analysis of UN peacekeeping and the use of force, to inform a better understanding of the complex and interconnected issues at stake for the UN community. Peacekeeping is traditionally viewed as a largely passive military activity, governed by the principles of impartiality, consent, and the minimum use of force. Today, most large UN Peacekeeping Operations are only authorized to use force in defence of their mandates and to protect civilians under imminent threat of physical violence. Recently, with the deployment of the Force Intervention Brigade in the DRC, the UN has gone beyond peacekeeping and into the realm of peace-enforcement. These developments have brought to the fore questions regarding the use of force in the context of peacekeeping. The key questions addressed in this book examine not only the utility of force, but also the dilemmas and constraints inherent to the purposive use of force at a strategic, operational and tactical level. Should UN peacekeepers exercise military initiative? Is UN peacekeeping capable of undertaking offensive military operations? If so, then under what circumstances should peacekeepers use force? How should force be wielded? And against whom? With chapters written by experts in the field, this comprehensive volume will be of great use and interest to postgraduate students, academics and experts in international security, the UN, peacekeeping and diplomacy.

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Author : Ramesh Chandra Thakur
ISBN : 9280810677
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 10 MB
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This volume explores the evolution of United Nations efforts at peacekeeping, particularly since the early 1990s. Peacekeeping has always been one of the most visible symbols of the UN role in international peace and security. Disappointment with the performance of UN peacekeeping operations became symbolic of the UN's failure to emerge from the ashes of the Cold War as a rejuvenated key player in international and, increasingly, internal peace and security. United Nations Peacekeeping Operations reflects some of the thinking, some of the experiences in the UN and in the field, some of the frustrations, and some of the hopes of this past decade. It combines academic analysis, field experience, and reflection with forward-looking proposals for more effective peace operations designed and deployed by the UN in partnership with regional, sub-regional, and local actors. The first part of the book outlines the challenges of post-cold war peacekeeping. The second part sheds light on regional experiences of peacekeeping missions, with an emphasis on the post-Soviet region and Africa. In the third part practitioners with extensive field experience share their specific experiences in Cambodia, former Yugoslavia, and East Timor. Part four takes stock of the recent record of UN peacekeeping, and of the UN's own attempt to analyze, evaluate, and reform its performance in peace operations.

Un Peacekeeping In Lebanon Somalia And Kosovo

Author : Ray Murphy
ISBN : 0521843057
Genre : Law
File Size : 45. 12 MB
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The concept of UN peacekeeping has had to evolve and change to meet the challenges of contemporary sources of conflict; consequently, peacekeeping operations have grown rapidly in number and complexity. This book examines a number of issues associated with contemporary multinational peace operations, and seeks to provide insights into the problems that arise in establishing and deploying such forces to meet the challenges of current conflicts. The focus of the book is three case studies (Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo), involving a comparative analysis of the traditional peacekeeping in Lebanon, the more robust peace enforcement mission in Somalia, and the international administration undertaken on behalf of the international community in Kosovo. The book analyses the lessons that may be learned from these operations in terms of mandates, command and control, use of force and the relevance of international humanitarian and human rights law to such operations.

Aspects Of Peacekeeping

Author : D. Stuart Gordon
ISBN : 0714650404
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 38 MB
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The nature of UN operational involvement in the practical management of conflict has evolved dramatically since the end of the Cold War. The post-Cold War liberation of the Security Council, the subsequent paralysis in its decision-making competence, and the apparent dilution of the concept of sovereignty as a prohibition on intervention have been principal factors in the evolving fortunes of UK peace-support operations. This evolving environment has had profound implications for the way in which the humanitarian community, the United Nations and military forces engaged under a UN flag have reacted to peace-support operations. This book explores contemporary peace-support operations and examines many of the principal challenges that now confront those charged, in different ways, with bringing peace to war-torn societies. In particular, this volume looks at the evolving nature of military, UN and humanitarian non-governmental organization's intervention in these complex conflicts. It also explores how these organizations relate to one another and the way in which a division of labour is determined.

A Crisis Of Expectations

Author : Ramesh Chandra Thakur
ISBN : UOM:39015031771366
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 86 MB
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In this distinctive book, an international cast of contributors combines case studies and analytical approaches to explore - both critically and sympathetically - the landscape of UN peacekeeping efforts in the 1990s. Setting the stage with a discussion of the rapidly changing nature of peacekeeping, the contributors provide a comprehensive group of case studies that examines all UN operations in the 1990s. Analyzing the larger issues thrown up by these case studies, the contributors look at UN peacekeeping from a regular state-participant's point of view and assess the relationship between regional organizations and the United Nations in peacekeeping missions. In addition, they examine organizational problems at UN headquarters in New York and discuss problems of command and control in the field. After exploring the difficulties of peacekeeping in civil wars, the relationship between peacekeeping and peacemaking, and the tensions created in moves toward peace enforcement, the contributors conclude by considering the vexing issues of national sovereignty, national interests, and international interests.

The Psychology Of Peacekeeping

Author : Harvey J. Langholtz
ISBN : 0275962326
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 86 MB
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Based on the notion that in today's context of ethnopolitical conflict and chaos, war is a failure of psychology as well as of diplomacy and that roles are emerging for psychologists and other social scientists to play in peacekeeping before, during, and after conflict. Examines the psychological di

Un Peacekeeping

Author : Andrzej Sitkowski
ISBN : 0275992144
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77. 10 MB
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The UN peacekeeping system has largely outlived its usefulness and is bound to fail when applied to currently predominant, violent and messy conflagrations. Lacking radical changes in that system, the UN should disarm, restricting the peacekeeping to military observers' missions and to subcontracting other operations out to military alliances and regional organizations. The widely lamented massacres of innocent civilians under UN Peacekeeper eyes in Rwanda, Srebrenica, and the Congo influenced neither the UN's approach nor the analysis of the methods. In this book, Andrzej Sitkowski confronts two basic peacekeeping myths. First, the belief that peacekeeping is distinct from peace enforcement blurs this distinction and undermines the viability of peacekeeping operations. In fact, it is the UN's definition of self-defense, which is understood to include actions of troops against forceful obstructions to discharging their mandates, that confuses the issue. Nevertheless, that distinction remains a cornerstone of the UN doctrine. Secondly, it is widely believed that the peacekeepers are allowed to apply force only in self-defense and lack the authorization to use it in defending UN Security Councils mandates. This myth persists, even in cases when the UN Security Council undertakes explicit authorization to enforce specific goals of the mandate.

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