the technological singularity the mit press essential knowledge series

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The Technological Singularity

Author : Murray Shanahan
ISBN : 9780262527804
Genre : Computers
File Size : 28. 85 MB
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The idea of technological singularity, and what it would mean if ordinary human intelligence were enhanced or overtaken by artificial intelligence.

Machine Learning

Author : Ethem Alpaydin
ISBN : 9780262529518
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80. 6 MB
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A concise overview of machine learning -- computer programs that learn from data -- which underlies applications that include recommendation systems, face recognition, and driverless cars.

Paradox

Author : Margaret Cuonzo
ISBN : 9780262525497
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 84. 65 MB
Format : PDF
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An introduction to paradoxes showing that they are more than mere puzzles but can prompt new ways of thinking.

Memes In Digital Culture

Author : Limor Shifman
ISBN : 9780262525435
Genre : Computers
File Size : 74. 97 MB
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Taking "Gangnam Style" seriously: what Internet memes can tell us about digital culture.

Solving The Frame Problem

Author : Murray Shanahan
ISBN : 0262193841
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 14 MB
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"Shanahan gives a clear exposition of the AI problem in general and logical AI in particular. He goes on to a clear exposition of the frame problem and many approaches to its solution. Much of this will become accepted as authoritative." -- John McCarthy, Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University "The frame problem is one of the central theoretical issues of artificial intelligence, and considerable progress in the study of this problem has been made over the last years. Shanahan's book provides a clear and comprehensive treatment of this work. It will be appreciated by everyone interested in the logical foundations of artificial intelligence." -- Vladimir Lifschitz, Gottesman Family Centennial Professor in Computer Sciences, University of Texas at Austin In 1969, John McCarthy and Pat Hayes uncovered a problem that has haunted the field of artificial intelligence ever since--the frame problem. The problem arises when logic is used to describe the effects of actions and events. Put simply, it is the problem of representing what remains unchanged as a result of an action or event. Many researchers in artificial intelligence believe that its solution is vital to the realization of the field's goals. "Solving the Frame Problem" presents the various approaches to the frame problem that have been proposed over the years. The author presents the material chronologically--as an unfolding story rather than as a body of theory to be learned by rote. There are lessons to be learned even from the dead ends researchers have pursued, for they deepen our understanding of the issues surrounding the frame problem. In the book'sconcluding chapters, the author offers his own work on event calculus, which he claims comes very close to a complete solution to the frame problem. "Artificial Intelligence series"

Metadata

Author : Jeffrey Pomerantz
ISBN : 9780262528511
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38. 47 MB
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Everything we need to know about metadata, the usually invisible infrastructure for information with which we interact every day.

The Self Tracking

Author : Gina Neff
ISBN : 9780262334709
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 85 MB
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People keep track. In the eighteenth century, Benjamin Franklin kept charts of time spent and virtues lived up to. Today, people use technology to self-track: hours slept, steps taken, calories consumed, medications administered. Ninety million wearable sensors were shipped in 2014 to help us gather data about our lives. This book examines how people record, analyze, and reflect on this data, looking at the tools they use and the communities they become part of. Gina Neff and Dawn Nafus describe what happens when people turn their everyday experience -- in particular, health and wellness-related experience -- into data, and offer an introduction to the essential ideas and key challenges of using these technologies. They consider self-tracking as a social and cultural phenomenon, describing not only the use of data as a kind of mirror of the self but also how this enables people to connect to, and learn from, others.Neff and Nafus consider what's at stake: who wants our data and why; the practices of serious self-tracking enthusiasts; the design of commercial self-tracking technology; and how self-tracking can fill gaps in the healthcare system. Today, no one can lead an entirely untracked life. Neff and Nafus show us how to use data in a way that empowers and educates.

The Internet Of Things

Author : Samuel Greengard
ISBN : 9780262527736
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 30 MB
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A guided tour through the Internet of Things, a networked world of connected devices, objects, and people that is changing the way we live and work.

The Technological Singularity

Author : Victor Callaghan
ISBN : 9783662540336
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 26. 84 MB
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This volume contains a selection of authoritative essays exploring the central questions raised by the conjectured technological singularity. In informed yet jargon-free contributions written by active research scientists, philosophers and sociologists, it goes beyond philosophical discussion to provide a detailed account of the risks that the singularity poses to human society and, perhaps most usefully, the possible actions that society and technologists can take to manage the journey to any singularity in a way that ensures a positive rather than a negative impact on society. The discussions provide perspectives that cover technological, political and business issues. The aim is to bring clarity and rigor to the debate in a way that will inform and stimulate both experts and interested general readers.

Open Access

Author : Peter Suber
ISBN : 9780262300988
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 21. 66 MB
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The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue. In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn't, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber's influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispensable book on the subject for researchers, librarians, administrators, funders, publishers, and policy makers.

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