the sudoku effect universities in the vicious circle of bureaucracy springerbriefs in education

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The Sudoku Effect Universities In The Vicious Circle Of Bureaucracy

Author : Stefan Kühl
ISBN : 9783319040875
Genre : Education
File Size : 51. 98 MB
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This book shows that the introduction of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) of credit points as a new accounting unit at universities has led to increased bureaucracy and the schoolmaster-style regimentation of Bachelor’s and Master’s courses. It explains how, due to the pressure of having to plan every single working hour of studying in advance, a ‘Sudoku Effect’ is created by the necessity to combine courses, exams and modules in such a way that the points ‘add up’. An unintentional side effect of the introduction of the ECTS, the Sudoku Effect has led to more classroom style teaching, an inflation of exams and fewer choices available to students. It has resulted in such complex and contradictory guidelines for the planning of the curriculum that the values attributed to the higher education reform can often only be realised if the rules for Bachelor’s and Master’s programmes are ignored, or at least stretched, in practice. The book describes how the reaction to this situation is the continuous further refinement of the complicated rules rather than their abolishment.

Author : ربيع، وليد خالد
ISBN : 9957477803
Genre : Islamic law
File Size : 38. 74 MB
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Muslims; Dietary laws; food; religious aspects; Islam.

Author : Jābir al-Aḥmad al-Ṣabāḥ (Amir of Kuwait)
ISBN : UVA:X030164506
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 36 MB
Format : PDF
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Jābir al-Aḥmad al-Ṣabāḥ, Amir of Kuwait, 1926-; speeches; commentaries.

Author : Niʻmāt Aḥmad Fuʼād
ISBN : UOM:39015021762532
Genre : Pyramids
File Size : 31. 29 MB
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Author : حجاب، محمد منير
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215751582
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 79. 34 MB
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Author : شافعي، شريف
ISBN : UOM:39015072816203
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 33. 40 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Maḥfūẓ, Najīb, 1911-2006; authors, Arab; criticism and interpretation; place in literature; Arabic fiction; Egypt; history and criticism.

Author : بن وارث، م
ISBN : 9961667387
Genre : Criminal law
File Size : 63. 24 MB
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Criminal law; Algeria; laws and legislations.

Author : Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī
ISBN : 8175480513
Genre : Arabic language
File Size : 82. 81 MB
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Dictionary of words and terms used in Koran.

Author : بوشيخي، الشاهد
ISBN : 9957701231
Genre : Arabic language
File Size : 71. 79 MB
Format : PDF
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Criticism; terms; Arabic poetry; history and criticism.

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