the species problem a philosophical analysis cambridge studies in philosophy and biology

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The Species Problem

Author : Richard A. Richards
ISBN : 9781139488297
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 74 MB
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There is long-standing disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry that either there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real. This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand the origin of the problem, and advocates a solution based on the idea of the division of conceptual labor, whereby species concepts function in different ways - theoretically and operationally. It also considers related topics such as individuality and the metaphysics of evolution, and how scientific terms get their meaning. This important addition to the current debate will be essential for philosophers and historians of science, and for biologists.

Confluence

Author : Monika Kirloskar-Steinbach
ISBN : 9783495468012
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33. 96 MB
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Dieses englischsprachige Online-Journal erscheint zweimal im Jahr und bietet ausschließlich Originalbeiträge zu Themen der interkulturellen und komparativen Philosophie. Das ausführliche Konzept, den internationalen wissenschaftlichen Beirat sowie Band 1 als open-access-PDF finden Sie auf der Website confluence-journal.com. Band 1 enthält unter anderem folgende Beiträge: Intercultural Philosophy: A Conceptual Clarification R.A. Mall The Philosophical Roots of Racial Essentialism and Its Legacy N. Zack Symposium: Does the Concept of 'Truth' have Value in the Pursuit of Cross-Cultural Philosophy? H. Rosemont, Jr., J. Maffie, J. Maraldo, S. Thakchoe Book Review: An Amazing Piece of Comparative Philosophy (S.B. Oluwule, Socrates and Orunmila) H. Kimmerle Survey article: Red Wisdom: Highlighting Recent Writing in Native American Philosophy B.Y. Burkhart

The Philosophy Of Biology

Author : Kostas Kampourakis
ISBN : 9789400765375
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 74 MB
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This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Non Native Species And Their Role In The Environment

Author : Radu Cornel Guiaşu
ISBN : 9789047426134
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 73 MB
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The role of non-native species in their new environments is one of the central issues in conservation biology and ecology today. This book presents a comprehensive evolutionary exploration of the complex and dynamic interactions between introduced species and native ones, and shows that non-native species can bring useful and important contributions to novel ecosystems. Based on a wide variety of examples and case studies, a strong case is made for a more positive and objective approach to non-native species and a greater appreciation of the valuable ecosystem services they provide.

The Species Problem A Philosophical Analysis

Author : CTI Reviews
ISBN : 9781467221474
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 58 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Species Problem , A Philosophical Analysis. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Biodiversity And Environmental Philosophy

Author : Sahotra Sarkar
ISBN : 0521851327
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 64. 82 MB
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An exploration of the ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy challenges attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and covers such topics as problems of prediction in traditional ecology and the future directions for theoretical research in envionmental philosophy and convervation biology.

Scientific Enquiry And Natural Kinds

Author : P. Magnus
ISBN : 9781137271259
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 10 MB
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Some scientific categories seem to correspond to genuine features of the world and are indispensable for successful science in some domain; in short, they are natural kinds . This book gives a general account of what it is to be a natural kind and puts the account to work illuminating numerous specific examples.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 91 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Science Politics And Evolution

Author : Elisabeth A. Lloyd
ISBN : 9781139469951
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 78 MB
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This book brings together important essays by one of the leading philosophers of science at work today. Elisabeth A. Lloyd examines several of the central topics in philosophy of biology, including the structure of evolutionary theory, units of selection, and evolutionary psychology, as well as the Science Wars, feminism and science, and sexuality and objectivity. Lloyd challenges the current evolutionary accounts of the female orgasm and analyses them for bias. She also offers an innovative analysis of the concept of objectivity. Lloyd analyses the structure of evolutionary theory and unlocks the puzzle of the units of selection debates into four distinct aspects, illuminating several mysteries in the biology literature. Central to all essays in this book is the author's abiding concern for evidence and empirical data.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Biology

Author : Sahotra Sarkar
ISBN : UOM:39015079235118
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 48 MB
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Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field

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