the social construction of technological systems new directions in the sociology and history of technology mit press

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The Social Construction Of Technological Systems

Author : Wiebe E. Bijker
ISBN : 9780262300872
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 13 MB
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This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume's title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

The Social Construction Of Technological Systems

Author : Wiebe E. Bijker
ISBN : 0262521377
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 8 MB
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The impact of technology on society is clear and unmistakable. The influence ofsociety on technology is more subtle. The 13 essays in this book draw on a wide array of casestudies from cooking stoves to missile systems, from 15th­century Portugal to today's AI labs- to outline an original research program based on a synthesis of ideas from the social studies ofscience and the history of technology. Together they affirm the need for a study of technology thatgives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions.

The Social Construction Of Technological Systems

Author : Wiebe E. Bijker
ISBN : 0262517604
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 32 MB
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An anniversary edition of an influential book that introduced a groundbreaking approach to the study of science, technology, and society.

Of Bicycles Bakelites And Bulbs

Author : Wiebe E. Bijker
ISBN : 0262522276
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 37 MB
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The stories of the safety bicycle, the first truly synthetic plastic, and the fluorescent light bulb -each a fascinating case study in itself- reflect a cross-section of time periods, engineering and scientific disciplines, and economic, social, and political cultures. The bicycle story explores such issues as the role of changing gender relationships in shaping a technology; the Bakelite story examines the ways in which social factors intrude even in cases of seemingly pure chemistry and entrepreneurship; and the fluorescent bulb story offers insights into the ways in which political and economic relationships can affect the form of a technology.

An Introduction To Science And Technology Studies

Author : Sergio Sismondo
ISBN : 9781444358889
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 76 MB
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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, Second Edition reflects the latest advances in the field while continuing to provide students with a road map to the complex interdisciplinary terrain of science and technology studies. Distinctive in its attention to both the underlying philosophical and sociological aspects of science and technology Explores core topics such as realism and social construction, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the public understanding of science Includes numerous empirical studies and illustrative examples to elucidate the topics discussed Now includes new material on political economies of scientific and technological knowledge, and democratizing technical decisions Other features of the new edition include improved readability, updated references, chapter reorganization, and more material on medicine and technology

How Users Matter

Author : Nelly Oudshoorn
ISBN : 0262651092
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 76 MB
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A collection of essays that examines how users shape and are shaped by technology in all phases, from design to use.

Entanglements

Author : Simone Tosoni
ISBN : 9780262035279
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 76 MB
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Conversations with a founder of the influential Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) approach in science and technology studies offer an introduction to the field.

Handbook Of Science And Technology Studies

Author : Sheila Jasanoff
ISBN : 9781452213637
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79. 37 MB
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For the most current, comprehensive resource in this rapidly evolving field, look no further than the Revised Edition of the Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. This masterful volume is the first resource in more than 15 years to define, summarize, and synthesize this complex multidisciplinary, international field. Tightly edited with contributions by an internationally recognized team of leading scholars, this volume addresses the crucial contemporary issues—both traditional and nonconventional—social studies, political studies, and humanistic studies in this changing field. Containing theoretical essays, extensive literature reviews, and detailed case studies, this remarkable volume clearly sets the standard for the field. It does nothing less than establish itself as the benchmark, one that will carry the field well into the next century.

A Companion To The History Of American Broadcasting

Author : Aniko Bodroghkozy
ISBN : 9781118646359
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 72. 60 MB
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Presented in a single volume, this engaging review reflects on the scholarship and the historical development of American broadcasting A Companion to the History of American Broadcasting comprehensively evaluates the vibrant history of American radio and television and reveals broadcasting’s influence on American history in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. With contributions from leading scholars on the topic, this wide-ranging anthology explores the impact of broadcasting on American culture, politics, and society from an historical perspective as well as the effect on our economic and social structures. The text’s original and accessibly-written essays offer explorations on a wealth of topics including the production of broadcast media, the evolution of various television and radio genres, the development of the broadcast ratings system, the rise of Spanish language broadcasting in the United States, broadcast activism, African Americans and broadcasting, 1950’s television, and much more. This essential resource: Presents a scholarly overview of the history of radio and television broadcasting and its influence on contemporary American history Contains original essays from leading academics in the field Examines the role of radio in the television era Discusses the evolution of regulations in radio and television Offers insight into the cultural influence of radio and television Analyzes canonical texts that helped shape the field Written for students and scholars of media studies and twentieth-century history, A Companion to the History of American Broadcasting is an essential and field-defining guide to the history and historiography of American broadcasting and its many cultural, societal, and political impacts.

Social Influences On Information And Communication Technology Innovations

Author : Tatnall, Arthur
ISBN : 9781466615601
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 98 MB
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It has been over twenty years since developments in actor-network theory were first written on paper. Since then, the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) community has begun to discover the power of using actor-network theory as an explanatory framework for much of its research. This research community has come to an understanding that information systems are, of necessity, socio-technical in nature and require a socio-technical approach to their investigation. Thanks to developments in actor-network theory, researchers can now approach people and technology as one single entity that gives support to social influences on technological innovations. Social Influences on Information and Communication Technology Innovations discusses in great detail the use of actor-network theory in offering explanations for socio-technical phenomena, focusing greatly on information communication technologies. Implementation and use of information and communication technologies inevitably involves the interactions of both technology and people. This publication facilitates international growth in the body of research investigating the value of using actor-network theory as a means of understanding socio-technical phenomena and technological innovation.

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