the silwood circle a history of ecology and the making of scientific careers in late twentieth century britain

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The Silwood Circle

Author : Hannah Gay
ISBN : 9781848169920
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 73 MB
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This is an original and wide-ranging account of the careers of a close-knit group of highly influential ecologists working in Britain from the late 1960s onwards. The book can also be read as a history of some recent developments in ecology. One of the group, Robert May, is a past president of the Royal Society, and the author of what many see as the most important treatise in theoretical ecology of the later twentieth century. That the group flourished was due not only to May's intellectual leadership, but also to the guiding hand of T. R. E. Southwood. Southwood ended his career as Linacre Professor of Zoology at the University of Oxford, where he also served a term as Vice-Chancellor. Earlier, as a professor and director of the Silwood Park campus of Imperial College London, he brought the group together. Since it began to coalesce at Silwood it has been named here the Silwood Circle. Southwood promoted the interests of its members with the larger aim of raising the profile of ecological and environmental science in Britain. Given public anxiety over the environment and the loss of ecosystems, his actions were well-timed. Ecology, which had been on the scientific margins in the first half of the twentieth century, came to be viewed as a science central to modern existence. The book illustrates its importance to many areas. Members of the Silwood Circle have acted as government advisors in the areas of conservation and biodiversity, resource management, pest control, food policy, genetically modified crops, sustainable agriculture, international development, defence against biological weapons, and epidemiology and infectious disease control. In recounting the science they carried out, and how they made their careers, the book reflects also on the role of the group, and the nature of scientific success. Contents:IntroductionSome Ecological Ideas that Anticipated Those of the Silwood CircleEntomology and Ecology at Imperial College, 1907–1965T R E Southwood and the Early Years of the Silwood CircleSome Important Antecedents to the Silwood Circle: Ecology at Oxford and at Some North American CentresHard Work and the Making of Reputations: Robert May and Richard Southwood, 1971–1979The Growth of Careers 1970–1995, Part OneThe Growth of Careers 1970–1995, Part TwoVoices in the Larger World: Responsibilities, Awards and RewardsInterlude: My Philosophical LensConclusion Readership: Academic libraries, historians of science and late 20th-century Britain. Keywords:History of Science;Ecology;Robert May;Imperial College;Royal Society;Richard Southwood;Silwood CircleReviews: “(An) excellent book… Hannah's book has the dual merit of both giving a sweeping analytic history of theoretical ecology (itself going wide outside the Silwood Circle) along with very insightful comments about 'the making of scientific careers', which is an area which most graduate students should think about more than they typically do!” Professor Lord May of Oxford OM AC Kt FRS Department of Zoology, University of Oxford

The Chemistry Department At Imperial College London

Author : Hannah Gay
ISBN : 9781783269754
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 65 MB
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This is the first comprehensive history of the chemistry department at Imperial College London. Based on archival records, oral testimony, published papers, published and unpublished memoirs, the book tells the story of this world-famous department from its foundation as the Royal College of Chemistry in 1845 to the large department it had become by the year 2000. The book covers research, teaching, departmental governance, students and social life. It also highlights the extraordinary contributions made to the war effort in both the first and second world wars. From its first professors, A. Wilhelm Hofmann and Edward Frankland, the department has been home to many eminent chemists, including, in the later twentieth century, the Nobel laureates Derek Barton and Geoffrey Wilkinson. New information on these and many others is presented in a lively narrative that places both people and events in the larger historical contexts of chemistry, politics, culture and the economy. The book will interest not only those connected with Imperial College, but anyone interested in chemistry and its history, or in higher

The History Of Imperial College London 1907 2007

Author : Hannah Gay
ISBN : 9781860948183
Genre :
File Size : 49. 85 MB
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This is the first major history of Imperial College London. The book tells the story of a new type of institution that came into being in 1907 with the federation of three older colleges. Imperial College was founded by the state for advanced university-level training in science and technology, and for the promotion of research in support of industry throughout the British Empire. True to its name the college built a wide number of Imperial links and was an outward looking institution from the start. Today, in the post-colonial world, it retains its outward-looking stance, both in its many international research connections, and with staff and students from around the world. Connections to industry and the state remain important. The College is one of BritainOCOs premier research and teaching institutions, including now medicine alongside science and engineering. This book is an in-depth study of Imperial College; it covers both governance and academic activity within the larger context of political, economic and socio-cultural life in twentieth-century Britain."

Die Mathematisierung Des Lebens

Author : Ariane Tanner
ISBN : 3161544919
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 48 MB
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English summary: To mathematize the world and thereby explain it: in 1925, the natural scientist and actuary Alfred James Lotka completed his monograph "Elements of Physical Biology", which interpreted all processes on planet earth energetically and formalised them. The result was a mathematically precise and at the same time holistic world view of interacting dynamic systems that humans should influence rationally. Ariane Tanner deciphers "Elements of Physical Biology" as an interdisciplinary synopsis of its time, denoting it as a key work of the 20th century's narrative of energetic holism. At the same time, she tells the story of Lotka as a largely non-academic researcher and scientific 'interventor' who slipped through conventional reception models. German description: Die Welt mathematisieren und dadurch erklaren: Mit der Monographie "Elements of Physical Biology" trat der Naturwissenschaftler und Versicherungsstatistiker Alfred James Lotka 1925 dazu an, samtliche Prozesse auf dem Planeten Erde energetisch zu verstehen und zu formalisieren. Daraus entstand ein mathematisch exaktes, gleichzeitig komplettes Weltbild von dynamischen Systemen, die der Mensch vernunftig beeinflussen sollte. Ariane Tanner entziffert "Elements of Physical Biology" als transdisziplinares Panoptikum seiner Zeit und deutet es als Schlusselwerk fur eine Geschichte der energetischen Holismen im 20. Jahrhundert. Gleichzeitig bietet sie eine Erzahlung uber einen hauptsachlich ausserakademisch Forschenden, der als wissenschaftlicher `Interventor` sowohl disziplinar wie auch innovatorisch zwischen die etablierten Rezeptionsmuster fiel.

Sociologie Des Changements Environnementaux

Author : Céline Granjou
ISBN : 9781784051112
Genre : Environmental sciences
File Size : 74. 4 MB
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A l’heure de l’Anthropocène, où la puissance technique exercée par l’homme sur son milieu naturel n’a jamais été aussi grande, le tournant du XXIe siècle est moins marqué par la « fin » de la nature que par l’irruption de ses futurs. Cet ouvrage pose les bases d’une sociologie des changements environnementaux qui prend acte que l’homme n’est plus le seul acteur de son devenir. En développant trois exemples, le retour des loups dans les Alpes, la crise de la vache folle et les évolutions de la biodiversité, ce livre analyse les régimes d’anticipation environnementale expérimentés par les scientifiques, les experts et les gestionnaires. Il nous invite à rompre avec le dualisme classique qui fait de la nature le cadre fixe et atemporel du changement social et du progrès. Conversant avec les contributions récentes des humanités environnementales, Sociologie des changements environnementaux s’attache à rouvrir notre conception de la temporalité sociale en pointant comment les animaux et les mécanismes écologiques stimulent, eux aussi, le futur.

Recreational Hunting Conservation And Rural Livelihoods

Author : Barney Dickson
ISBN : 144430318X
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 38 MB
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Recreational hunting has long been a controversial issue. Is it a threat to biodiversity or can it be a tool for conservation, giving value to species and habitats that might otherwise be lost? Are the moral objections to hunting for pleasure well founded? Does recreational hunting support rural livelihoods in developing countries, or are these benefits exaggerated by proponents? For the first time, this book addresses many of the issues that are fundamental to an understanding of the real role of recreational hunting in conservation and rural development. It examines the key issues, asks the difficult questions, and seeks to present the answers to guide policy. Where the answers are not available, it highlights gaps in our knowledge and lays out the research agenda for the next decade.

Ecological Methods

Author : Peter A. Henderson
ISBN : 9781118895283
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 40 MB
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4th edition of this classic Ecology text Computational methods have largely been replaced by descriptions of the available software Includes procedure information for R software and other freely available software systems Now includes web references for equipment, software and detailed methodologies

Analogies In Physics And Life

Author : Richard M. Weiner
ISBN : 9789812790828
Genre : Analogy
File Size : 69. 71 MB
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Noncommutative geometry is a novel approach which is opening up new possibilities for geometry from a mathematical viewpoint. It is also providing new tools for the investigation of quantum space-time in physics. Recent developments in string theory have supported the idea of quantum spaces, and have strongly stimulated the research in this field. This self-contained volume contains survey lectures and research articles which address these issues and related topics. The book is accessible to both researchers and graduate students beginning to study this subject.

The Ecological Century

Author : Edgar Barton Worthington
ISBN : WISC:89011410867
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 9 MB
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Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

Greening The Academy

Author : Samuel Fassbinder
ISBN : 9789462091016
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 77 MB
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This is the academic Age of the Neoliberal Arts. Campuses—as places characterized by democratic debate and controversy, wide ranges of opinion typical of vibrant public spheres, and service to the larger society—are everywhere being creatively destroyed in order to accord with market and military models befitting the academic-industrial complex. While it has become increasingly clear that facilitating the sustainability movement is the great 21st century educational challenge at hand, this book asserts that it is both a dangerous and criminal development today that sustainability in higher education has come to be defined by the complex-friendly “green campus” initiatives of science, technology, engineering and management programs. By contrast, Greening the Academy: Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts takes the standpoints of those working for environmental and ecological justice in order to critique the unsustainable disciplinary limitations within the humanities and social sciences, as well as provide tactical reconstructive openings toward an empowered liberal arts for sustainability. Greening the Academy thus hopes to speak back with a collective demand that sustainability education be defined as a critical and moral vocation comprised of the diverse types of humanistic study that will benefit the well-being of our emerging planetary community and its numerous common locales.

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