the rise of the conservative legal movement the battle for control of the law princeton studies in american politics historical international and comparative perspectives

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The Rise Of The Conservative Legal Movement

Author : Steven M. Teles
ISBN : 1400829690
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 64 MB
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Starting in the 1970s, conservatives learned that electoral victory did not easily convert into a reversal of important liberal accomplishments, especially in the law. As a result, conservatives' mobilizing efforts increasingly turned to law schools, professional networks, public interest groups, and the judiciary--areas traditionally controlled by liberals. Drawing from internal documents, as well as interviews with key conservative figures, The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement examines this sometimes fitful, and still only partially successful, conservative challenge to liberal domination of the law and American legal institutions. Unlike accounts that depict the conservatives as fiendishly skilled, The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement reveals the formidable challenges that conservatives faced in competing with legal liberalism. Steven Teles explores how conservative mobilization was shaped by the legal profession, the legacy of the liberal movement, and the difficulties in matching strategic opportunities with effective organizational responses. He explains how foundations and groups promoting conservative ideas built a network designed to dislodge legal liberalism from American elite institutions. And he portrays the reality, not of a grand strategy masterfully pursued, but of individuals and political entrepreneurs learning from trial and error. Using previously unavailable materials from the Olin Foundation, Federalist Society, Center for Individual Rights, Institute for Justice, and Law and Economics Center, The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement provides an unprecedented look at the inner life of the conservative movement. Lawyers, historians, sociologists, political scientists, and activists seeking to learn from the conservative experience in the law will find it compelling reading.

Building The Judiciary

Author : Justin Crowe
ISBN : 9781400842575
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44. 80 MB
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How did the federal judiciary transcend early limitations to become a powerful institution of American governance? How did the Supreme Court move from political irrelevance to political centrality? Building the Judiciary uncovers the causes and consequences of judicial institution-building in the United States from the commencement of the new government in 1789 through the close of the twentieth century. Explaining why and how the federal judiciary became an independent, autonomous, and powerful political institution, Justin Crowe moves away from the notion that the judiciary is exceptional in the scheme of American politics, illustrating instead how it is subject to the same architectonic politics as other political institutions. Arguing that judicial institution-building is fundamentally based on a series of contested questions regarding institutional design and delegation, Crowe develops a theory to explain why political actors seek to build the judiciary and the conditions under which they are successful. He both demonstrates how the motivations of institution-builders ranged from substantive policy to partisan and electoral politics to judicial performance, and details how reform was often provoked by substantial changes in the political universe or transformational entrepreneurship by political leaders. Embedding case studies of landmark institution-building episodes within a contextual understanding of each era under consideration, Crowe presents a historically rich narrative that offers analytically grounded explanations for why judicial institution-building was pursued, how it was accomplished, and what--in the broader scheme of American constitutional democracy--it achieved.

Disarmed

Author : Kristin A. Goss
ISBN : 1400837758
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 39 MB
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More than any other advanced industrial democracy, the United States is besieged by firearms violence. Each year, some 30,000 people die by gunfire. Over the course of its history, the nation has witnessed the murders of beloved public figures; massacres in workplaces and schools; and epidemics of gun violence that terrorize neighborhoods and claim tens of thousands of lives. Commanding majorities of Americans voice support for stricter controls on firearms. Yet they have never mounted a true national movement for gun control. Why? Disarmed unravels this paradox. Based on historical archives, interviews, and original survey evidence, Kristin Goss suggests that the gun control campaign has been stymied by a combination of factors, including the inability to secure patronage resources, the difficulties in articulating a message that would resonate with supporters, and strategic decisions made in the name of effective policy. The power of the so-called gun lobby has played an important role in hobbling the gun-control campaign, but that is not the entire story. Instead of pursuing a strategy of incremental change on the local and state levels, gun control advocates have sought national policies. Some 40% of state gun control laws predate the 1970s, and the gun lobby has systematically weakened even these longstanding restrictions. A compelling and engagingly written look at one of America's most divisive political issues, Disarmed illuminates the organizational, historical, and policy-related factors that constrain mass mobilization, and brings into sharp relief the agonizing dilemmas faced by advocates of gun control and other issues in the United States.

When Movements Matter

Author : Edwin Amenta
ISBN : 9780691138268
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 40 MB
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When Movements Matter accounts for the origins of Social Security as we know it. The book tells the overlooked story of the Townsend Plan--a political organization that sought to alleviate poverty and end the Great Depression through a government-provided retirement stipend of $200 a month for every American over the age of sixty. Both the Townsend Plan, which organized two million older Americans into Townsend clubs, and the wider pension movement failed to win the generous and universal senior citizens' pensions their advocates demanded. But the movement provided the political impetus behind old-age policy in its formative years and pushed America down the track of creating an old-age welfare state. Drawing on a wealth of primary evidence, historical detail, and arresting images, Edwin Amenta traces the ups and downs of the Townsend Plan and its elderly leader Dr. Francis E. Townsend in the struggle to remake old age. In the process, Amenta advances a new theory of when social movements are influential. The book challenges the conventional wisdom that U.S. old-age policy was a result mainly of the Depression or farsighted bureaucrats. It also debunks the current view that America immediately embraced Social Security when it was adopted in 1935. And it sheds new light on how social movements that fail to achieve their primary goals can still influence social policy and the way people relate to politics.

The Fifth Freedom

Author : Anthony S. Chen
ISBN : 0691139539
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 19 MB
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Broadly interdisciplinary, 'The Fifth Freedom' sheds new light on the role of parties, elites, and institutions in the policymaking process; the impact of racial politics on electoral realignment; the history of civil rights; the decline of New Deal liberalism; and the rise of the New Right.

The Rise Of The Conservative Legal Movement

Author : Steven Michael Teles
ISBN : 0691122083
Genre : Law
File Size : 20. 84 MB
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Starting in the 1970s, conservatives learned that electoral victory did not easily convert into a reversal of important liberal accomplishments, especially in the law. As a result, conservatives' mobilizing efforts increasingly turned to law schools, professional networks, public interest groups, and the judiciary--areas traditionally controlled by liberals. Drawing from internal documents, as well as interviews with key conservative figures, The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement examines this sometimes fitful, and still only partially successful, conservative challenge to liberal domination of the law and American legal institutions. Unlike accounts that depict the conservatives as fiendishly skilled, The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement reveals the formidable challenges that conservatives faced in competing with legal liberalism. Steven Teles explores how conservative mobilization was shaped by the legal profession, the legacy of the liberal movement, and the difficulties in matching strategic opportunities with effective organizational responses. He explains how foundations and groups promoting conservative ideas built a network designed to dislodge legal liberalism from American elite institutions. And he portrays the reality, not of a grand strategy masterfully pursued, but of individuals and political entrepreneurs learning from trial and error. Using previously unavailable materials from the Olin Foundation, Federalist Society, Center for Individual Rights, Institute for Justice, and Law and Economics Center, The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement provides an unprecedented look at the inner life of the conservative movement. Lawyers, historians, sociologists, political scientists, and activists seeking to learn from the conservative experience in the law will find it compelling reading.

Fighting For Democracy

Author : Christopher S. Parker
ISBN : 0691140030
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 4 MB
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Fighting for Democracy shows how the experiences of African American soldiers during World War II and the Korean War influenced many of them to challenge white supremacy in the South when they returned home. Focusing on the motivations of individual black veterans, this groundbreaking book explores the relationship between military service and political activism. Christopher Parker draws on unique sources of evidence, including interviews and survey data, to illustrate how and why black servicemen who fought for their country in wartime returned to America prepared to fight for their own equality.Parker discusses the history of African American military service and how the wartime experiences of black veterans inspired them to contest Jim Crow. Black veterans gained courage and confidence by fighting their nation's enemies on the battlefield and racism in the ranks. Viewing their military service as patriotic sacrifice in the defense of democracy, these veterans returned home with the determination and commitment to pursue equality and social reform in the South. Just as they had risked their lives to protect democratic rights while abroad, they risked their lives to demand those same rights on the domestic front.Providing a sophisticated understanding of how war abroad impacts efforts for social change at home, Fighting for Democracy recovers a vital story about black veterans and demonstrates their distinct contributions to the American political landscape.

Oah Annual Meeting

Author : Organization of American Historians. Meeting
ISBN : IND:30000116759956
Genre : Historians
File Size : 46. 69 MB
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Program Of The Annual Meeting

Author : Organization of American Historians. Meeting
ISBN : UCSC:32106020343213
Genre : Historians
File Size : 56. 60 MB
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Die Gegen Demokratie

Author : Pierre Rosanvallon
ISBN : 9783868549263
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34. 97 MB
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Obgleich das demokratische Ideal uneingeschränkt bejaht wird, stehen die Systeme, die sich auf das Ideal berufen, immer heftiger in der Kritik. Doch diese Differenz ist nicht so neu, wie sie scheint: Historisch betrachtet ist die Demokratie immer schon als Versprechen und Problem zugleich in Erscheinung getreten. Denn der Grundsatz, Regierungen durch den Wählerwillen zu legitimieren, ging stets mit Misstrauensbekundungen der Bürger gegenüber den etablierten Mächten einher. Die Gegen-Demokratie ist nicht das Gegenteil von Demokratie, sie ist Bestandteil der parlamentarisch-repräsentativen Demokratie, somit permanenter Ausdruck von Misstrauen gegenüber den gewählten Institutionen. Gleichzeitig ist sie aber auch Ausdruck des politischen Engagements der Bürger_innen jenseits der Wahlurnen. Der Begriff Gegen-Demokratie hebt das Widersprüchliche des Misstrauens hervor, das einerseits die Wachsamkeit der Bürger_innen fördert und auf diese Weise dazu beiträgt, die staatlichen Instanzen für gesellschaftliche Forderungen empfänglicher zu machen, das andererseits aber auch destruktive Formen von Ablehnung und Verleumdung begünstigen kann. Das heißt: Die Gegen-Demokratie bestätigt nicht nur, sie kann auch widersprechen. Rosanvallon entfaltet die verschiedenen Aspekte von Gegen-Demokratie und schreibt ihre Geschichte. Nicht zuletzt plädiert er dafür, die ständige Rede von der Politikverdrossenheit zu überdenken. Denn es ist eher von einem Wandel als von einem Niedergang des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements zu sprechen. Verändert haben sich lediglich das Repertoire, die Träger und die Ziele des politischen Ausdrucks. Die Bürger_innen haben inzwischen viele Alternativen zum Wahlzettel, um ihre Sorgen und Beschwerden zu artikulieren. Die politische Form der Gegen-Demokratie sollte im Diskurs der Politikverdrossenheit nicht unterschätzt, sondern aktiv genutzt werden.

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