the principles of morals and legislation great books in philosophy

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The Collected Works Of Jeremy Bentham An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : 0191589756
Genre : History
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The new critical edition of the works and correspondence of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) is being prepared and published under the supervision of the Bentham Committee of University College London. In spite of his importance as jurist, philosopher, and social scientist, and leader of the Utilitarian reformers, the only previous edition of his works was a poorly edited and incomplete one brought out within a decade or so of his death. Eight volumes of the new Collected Works, five of correspondence, and three of writings on jurisprudence, appeared between 1968 and 1981, published by the Athlone Press. Further volumes in the series since then are published by Oxford University Press. The overall plan and principles of the edition are set out in the General Preface to The Correspondence of Jeremy Bentham, vol. 1, which was the first volume of the Collected Works to be published. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Jeremy Bentham's best-known work, is a classic text in modern philosophy and jurisprudence. First published in 1789, it contains the important statement of the foundations of utilitarian philosophy and a pioneering study of crime and punishment, both of which remain at the heart of contemporary debates in moral and political philosophy, economics, and legal theory. Printed here in full is the definitive edition, edited by the distinguished scholars J. H. Burns and H. L. A. Hart. An introductory essay by Hart, first published in 1982 and a widely acknowledged classic in its own right, is reprinted here. It contains an important analysis of Bentham's principle of utility, theory of action, and an account of the relationship between law and morality. A new introduction by the leading Bentham scholar F. Rosen, specially written for this Clarendon Paperback edition, provides students with a helpful survey of Bentham's main ideas and an extensive bibliographical study of recent critical work on Bentham. Professor Rosen's essay also contains a new analysis of the principle of utility in Bentham's philosophy which is compared with its use in Hume and J. S. Mill.

An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : 9780486120423
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 31. 85 MB
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A classic of both philosophy and jurisprudence, this 1789 work articulates an important statement of the foundations of utilitarian philosophy. It also represents a pioneering study of crime and punishment.

Eine Einf Hrung In Die Prinzipien Der Moral Und Gesetzgebung

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : 3981584104
Genre :
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Der Klassische Utilitarismus Nach Jeremy Bentham Und John Stuart Mill

Author : Johannes Kaspar
ISBN : 9783638102056
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 79 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1999 im Fachbereich Jura - Rechtsphilosophie, Rechtssoziologie, Rechtsgeschichte, Note: sehr gut, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Institut für Rechtswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Seminar: Modernes amerikanisches Rechtsdenken, 15 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Gegenstand der Arbeit ist der klassische Utilitarismus, der seit seiner Ausarbeitung durch Jeremy Bentham und John Stuart Mill Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts vor allem im angelsächsischen Sprachraum viel Aufmerksamkeit und Zustimmung erfahren hat. Bis heute ist er dort - wenn auch in Form von zahlreichen Abwandlungen und Varianten - eine der wichtigsten und einflussreichsten philosophischen Strömungen. Aus utilitaristischer Perspektive ist diejenige Handlung gut und moralisch wertvoll, deren Konsequenzen das größte Glück für die größte Zahl der von ihr betroffenen Personen bedeuten („greatest happiness for the greatest number“). Die Attraktivität eines solchen Ansatzes, der ohne Metaphysik auszukommen scheint, liegt auf der Hand: Zum einen baut er auf einem Grundzug des Menschen auf, dem Streben nach Glück. Zum anderen wird Moral als vom Menschen und für den Menschen geschaffene Einrichtung begriffen, die durch die Bezugsgröße „Glück“ rational kalkulierbar und empirisch messbar sein soll. Anhand der Arbeiten von Bentham und Mill wird die Konzeption des klassischen Utilitarismus vorgestellt und einer kritischen Würdigung unterzogen. Dabei wird am Beispiel des staatlichen Strafens gezeigt, dass manche Kritik am utilitaristischen Denken überzogen ist und insbesondere eine generelle Unvereinbarkeit mit der Idee unveräußerlicher Grund- und Menschenrechte nicht besteht.

An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation 2

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : 1230257535
Genre :
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1823 edition. Excerpt: ... CHAP. III. like treaties, large bodies of subjects to foreign s" DEGREES DEGREES*' laws ?--He that would understand what power is executive and not legislative, and what legislative and not executive, he that would mark out and delineate the different species of constitutional powers, he that would describe either what is, or what ought to be the constitution of a country, and particularly 'of this country, let him think of these things. independence VI. In the next place we are told in a parenthesis inaccurately l t"erthreed'" ('l be'ng a matter so plain as to be taken for grantthe"ooveesm' ed) that " each of these branches af the Legislature "is independent,"--yes, " entirely independent," of the two others.--Is this then really the case? Those who consider the influence which the King and so many of the Lords have in the election of members of the House of Commons; the power which the King has, at a minute's warning, of putting an "end to the existence of any House of Commons; those who consider the influence which the King has over both Houses, by offices of dignity and profit given and taken away again at pleasure; those who consider that the King, on the other hand, depends for his daily bread on both Houses, but more particularly on the House of Commons; not to mention a variety of other circumstances that might be noticed in the same view, will judge what degree of precision there was in our Author's meaning, when he so roundly asserted the affirmative. VII. One parenthesis more: for this sentence CIJAP. III. teems with parenthesis within parenthesis. To this A" DEGREESs/ DEGREES/ we are indebted for a very interesting piece of in- "JJ DEGREESiJ"i' telligence: nothing less than a full and true account station'.8 of the personal merits of the members of the House...

Utilitarianism

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : 1113266007
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 96 MB
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This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.

The World S Greatest Books Philosophy And Economics

Author : Various Authors
ISBN : 9781465590305
Genre :
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Universal or world-history travels from east to west, for Europe is absolutely the end of history, Asia the beginning. The history of the world has an east in an absolute sense, for, although the earth forms a sphere, history describes no orbit round it, but has, on the contrary, a determinate orientÑviz., Asia. Here rises the outward visible sun, and in the west it sinks down; here also rises the sun of self-consciousness. The history of the world is a discipline of the uncontrolled natural will, bringing it into obedience to a universal principle and conferring a subjective freedom. The East knew, and to this day knows, freedom only for one; the Greek and Roman world knew that some are free; the German world knows that all are free. The first political form, therefore, that we see in history is despotism; the second democracy and aristocracy; and the third monarchy. The first phaseÑthat with which we have to beginÑis the East. Unreflected consciousnessÑsubstantial, objective, spiritual existenceÑforms the basis; to which the subjective will first sustains a relation in the form of faith, confidence, obedience. In the political life of the East we find realised national freedom, developing itself without advancing to subjective freedom. It is the childhood of history. In the gorgeous edifices of the Oriental empires we find all national ordinances and arrangements, but in such a way that individuals remain as mere accidents. These revolve round a centre, round the sovereign, who as patriarch stands (not as despot, in the sense of the Roman imperial constitution) at the head. For he has to enforce the moral and substantial; he has to uphold those essential ordinances which are already established; so that what among us belongs entirely to subjective freedom, here proceeds from the entire and general body of the state. The glory of the Oriental conception is the one individual as the substantial being to which all belongs, so that no other individual has a separate existence, or mirrors himself in his subjective freedom. All the riches of imagination and nature are appropriated to that dominant existence in which subjective freedom is essentially merged; the latter looks for its dignity not in itself but in the absolute object. All the elements of a complete stateÑeven subjectivityÑmay be found there, but not yet harmonised with the grand substantial being. For outside the one powerÑbefore which nothing can maintain an independent existenceÑthere is only revolting caprice, which, beyond the limits of the central power, moves at will without purpose or result.

Utilitarismus

Author : John S Mill
ISBN : 9783787320875
Genre : Philosophy
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In seiner 1861 zunächst in Frazer's Magazine publizierten und zu seinen Lebzeiten in weiteren vier Auflagen vorgelegten Schrift "Utlitarism" verteidigt John Stuart Mill das Nützlichkeitsprinzip als das grundlegende Kriterium für die Beurteilung der Moralität aller Handlungen, sei es der freien Handlungen der Individuen, sei es der Einschränkungen dieser Freiheit durch von Gesellschaft und Staat vorgegebene Regeln.Dabei geht es ihm vor allem darum, den Utilitarismus vor dem Einwand zu retten, er gebe dem hedonistischen Eigennutz Vorrang vor der ethischen Maxime einer gerechten Verteilung der Güter. So glaubt er, aus dem Prinzip des "größten Glücks der größten Zahl" ein Modell der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit ableiten zu können, das das Nützlichkeitsprinzip als das erste Prinzip der Moral erweist.Die hier in neuer deutscher Übersetzung vorgelegte Schrift gilt als das Hauptwerk der klassischen utilitaristischen Ethik.

The Philosophy Of Taxation And Public Finance

Author : Robert W. McGee
ISBN : 9781441991409
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21. 46 MB
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Most public finance books are texts, which are aimed at undergraduate or graduate students. They are overly technical in nature and appeal only to a narrow range of bureaucrats and academics. Books on taxation are written for tax practitioners and usually emphasize either what the law is or how to maneuver through the labyrinth of tax law to minimize taxes for clients. Philosophy books on taxation or public finance simply do not exist. The Philosophy of Taxation and Public Finance is different. It is written in nontechnical language and is aimed to appeal to a wide range of readers, including practitioners, academics and students in the fields of taxation, public finance, economics, law, philosophy and political science as well as general readers who are interested in learning why they are being taxed the way they are. The author addresses the major issues and topics in taxation and public finance and injects them with philosophical insights. He discusses questions such as: -What arguments have been used to justify taxation? -When is tax evasion unethical? -Are some taxes better than others? -What are the proper functions of government? -How much is enough? Is the ability to pay concept valid? -When can punitive taxes be justified?

Panopticon Or The Inspection House

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : 1230269762
Genre :
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1791 edition. Excerpt: ... but industry ? Is coarse diet nothing? Is confinement, is loss of liberty in every shape nothing? To me it would seem but so much the better, if a man could be taught to love labour, instead of being taught to loath it. Occupation, instead of the prisoner's"scourge, should be called and should be made as much as possible, a cordial to him. It is in itself sweet in comparison of forced idleness; and the produce of it will give it a double favour. The mere exertion, the mere naked energy is amusement, where looser ones are not to be found. Take it in either point of view, industry is a blessing--why paint it as a curse?* Hard labour?--labour harder than ordinary, in a prison ?--not only it has no business there, but a prison is the only place in which it is not to be had. Is it exertion that you want? violent exertion? * The Chevalier Paulet's views on (his head suit better, I must confess, with mine. In his establishment, a capital article in the penal list is the punishment of forced idleness: and without dividing his bnys for the purpose into two classes and three dales, or plaguing his managers with governing Committees, he contrives to render it sufficiently uncomfortable. See an interesting account of the establishment of that generous and intelligent philanthropist {n the Repository, vol. 1. reward reward not punishment is the office you must apply to. Compulsion and slavery must in a race like this be ever an unequal match for encouragement and liberty: and the rougher the ground the more unequal. By what contrivance could any man be made to do in a jail the work that any .common coal-heaver will do when at large? By what -compulsion could a porter be made to carry the burthen which he would carry with pleasure for. half a crown ?...

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