the poor and the perfect the rise of learning in the franciscan order 1209 1310

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The Poor And The Perfect

Author : Neslihan Şenocak
ISBN : 9780801464713
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 96 MB
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One of the enduring ironies of medieval history is the fact that a group of Italian lay penitents, begging in sackcloths, led by a man who called himself simple and ignorant, turned in a short time into a very popular and respectable order, featuring cardinals and university professors among its ranks. Within a century of its foundation, the Order of Friars Minor could claim hundreds of permanent houses, schools, and libraries across Europe; indeed, alongside the Dominicans, they attracted the best minds and produced many outstanding scholars who were at the forefront of Western philosophical and religious thought. In The Poor and the Perfect, Neslihan Şenocak provides a grand narrative of this fascinating story in which the quintessential Franciscan virtue of simplicity gradually lost its place to learning, while studying came to be considered an integral part of evangelical perfection. Not surprisingly, turmoil accompanied this rise of learning in Francis’s order. Şenocak shows how a constant emphasis on humility was unable to prevent the creation within the Order of a culture that increasingly saw education as a means to acquire prestige and domination. The damage to the diversity and equality among the early Franciscan community proved to be irreparable. But the consequences of this transformation went far beyond the Order: it contributed to a paradigm shift in the relationship between the clergy and the schools and eventually led to the association of learning with sanctity in the medieval world. As Şenocak demonstrates, this episode of Franciscan history is a microhistory of the rise of learning in the West.

Franciscan Learning Preaching And Mission C 1220 1650

Author : Bert Roest
ISBN : 9789004280731
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 80 MB
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In this volume, Bert Roest discusses many issues pertaining to the organization of learning in the Franciscan order, and the ways in which this order engaged in pastoral and missionary activities in confrontation with the rise of Protestantism.

The English Province Of The Franciscans 1224 C 1350

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ISBN : 9789004331624
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 4 MB
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The English province of the Franciscans (1224-c.1350) provides a series of stimulating studies by an international team of scholars, who consider the rich diversity of the friars’ ministry in England, especially their impact upon the local Church, society and the universities.

Poverty And Devotion In Mendicant Cultures 1200 1450

Author : Constant J Mews
ISBN : 9781317077077
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 95 MB
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Ever since the time of Francis of Assisi, a commitment to voluntary poverty has been a controversial aspect of religious life. This volume explores the interaction between poverty and religious devotion in the mendicant orders between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. While poverty has often been perceived more as a Franciscan than as a Dominican emphasis, this volume considers its role within a broader movement of evangelical renewal associated with the mendicant transformation of religious life. At a time of increased economic prosperity, reformers within the Church sought new ways of encouraging identification with the person of Christ. This volume considers the paradoxical tension between voluntary poverty as a way of emulating Christ and involuntary poverty as situation demanding a response from those with the means to help the poor. Drawing on history, literature and visual arts, it explores how the mendicant orders continued to transform religious life into the time of the renaissance. The papers in this volume are organised under three headings, prefaced with an introductory essay by the editors: Poverty and the Rule of Francis, exploring the interpretation of poverty in the Franciscan Order; Devotional Cultures, considering aspects of devotional life fostered by mendicant religious communities, Franciscan, Augustinian and Dominican; Preaching Poverty, on the way poverty was promoted and practiced within the Dominican Order in the later Middle Ages and Renaissance.

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