the politics of force media and the construction of police brutality politics law

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The Politics Of Force

Author : Regina G. Lawrence
ISBN : 0520924312
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 38. 39 MB
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When police brutality becomes front-page news, it triggers a sudden, intense interaction between the media, the public, and the police. Regina Lawrence ably demonstrates how these news events provide the raw materials for looking at underlying problems in American society. Journalists, policy makers, and the public use such stories to define a problematic situation, and this process of problem definition gives the media a crucial role in our public policy debates. Lawrence extensively analyzes more than 500 incidents of police use-of-force covered by the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times from 1985 to 1994, with additional analysis of more recent incidents such as as the shooting of Amadou Diallo in New York. The incidents include but are not limited to those defined as "police brutality." Lawrence reveals the structural and cultural forces that both shape the news and allow police to define most use-of-force incidents, which occur in far greater numbers than are reported, she says. Lawrence explores the dilemma of obtaining critical media perspectives on policing policies. She examines the factors that made the coverage of the Rodney King beating so significant, particularly after the incident was captured on video. At the same time, she shows how an extraordinary news event involving the police can become a vehicle for marginalized social groups to gain entrance into the media arena. In contrasting "event-driven" problem definition with the more thoroughly studied "institutionally driven" news stories, Lawrence's book fills a major gap in media studies. It also offers a broader understanding of the interplay between the criminal justice system and the media in today's world.

Hillary Clinton S Race For The White House

Author : Regina G. Lawrence
ISBN : 1588266702
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 75 MB
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Senator Hillary Clinton won 18 million votes in 2008 - yet she failed to secure the Democratic nomination. This book looks at how Hillary Clinton came so close to breaking the glass ceiling in US politics, and what her experience portends for future female candidates in the media-saturated game of presidential politics.

Cop Watch

Author : Hans Toch
ISBN : 1433811197
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22. 25 MB
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In Cop Watch: Spectators, Social Media, and Police Reform, renowned social psychologist Hans Toch takes stock of the vast changes in police procedures that have occurred over the last half-century by examining the evolving role of spectators to police-citizen interactions. This sympathetic and informed analysis details the concerns of both disgruntled citizens and unsettled police. Their interactions are played out on a broad stage, from 1960s riots and Kerner Commission findings, to 2011 accusations of police brutality in Seattle. In this unflinching examination of the power of the crowd and society to shape police practice, Toch provides a uniquely compelling look at the struggles and complexities of policing in a volatile world.

The Politics Of Police Reform

Author : Erica Marat
ISBN : 9780190861490
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85. 30 MB
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There is a Russian saying that "police mirror society." The gist of this is that every society is policed to the extent that it allows itself to be policed. Centralized in control but decentralized in their reach, the police are remarkably similar in structure, chain of command, and their relationships with the political elite across post-Soviet nations--they also remain one of the least reformed post-communist institutions. As a powerful state organ, the Soviet-style militarized police have resisted change despite democratic transformations in the overall political context, including rounds of competitive elections and growing civil society. While consensus between citizens and the state about reform may be possible in democratic nations, it is considerably more difficult to achieve in authoritarian states. Across post-Soviet countries, such discussions most often occur between political elites and powerful non-state actors, such as criminal syndicates and nationalistic ethnic groups, rather than the wider citizenry. Even in countries where one or more rounds of democratic elections have taken place since 1991, empowered citizens and politicians have not renegotiated the way states police and coerce society. On the contrary, in many post-Soviet countries, police functions have expanded to serve the interests of the ruling political elites. What does it take to reform a post-Soviet police force? This book explores the conditions in which a meaningful transformation of the police is likely to succeed and when it will fail. Departing from the conventional interpretation of the police as merely an institution of coercion, this book defines it as a medium for state-society consensus on the limits of the state's legitimate use of violence. It thus considers policing not as a way to measure the state's capacity to coerce society, but rather as a reflection of a complex society bound together by a web of casual interactions and political structures. The book compares reform efforts in Ukraine, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan, finding that bottom-up public mobilization is likely to emerge in the aftermath of transformative violence--an incident when the usual patterns of policing are interrupted with unprecedented brutality against vulnerable individuals. Ultimately, The Politics of Police Reform examines the various pathways to transforming how the state relates to society through policing.

Criminal Justice Masterworks

Author : Robert Panzarella
ISBN : 1611634121
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 18 MB
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Criminal Justice Masterworks weaves together three strands of intellectual pursuit: an acquaintance with great writings on criminal justice, the perspective provided by a history of ideas, and the skills of critical thinking.The editors provide a taste of classic works usually known to students only through textbook summaries, short excerpts, or references elsewhere. The masterworks in criminal justice are separated into four areas: criminology, legal studies, police studies, and correctional studies. They include selections from Beccaria on justice and law, torture and the death penalty; Lombroso on biological and social factors in crime; Shaw & McKay on juvenile delinquency; Chambliss on law making and special interest groups; Holmes on the evolution of law; Frankfurter on interpreting statutes; Westley on police solidarity and use of force; Fogelson on the dilemmas of the professional movement in policing; Goldstein on policing in a democratic society; Beaumont & Tocqueville on the reform ideal in penitentiaries; Augustus on probation concepts and strategies; and Clemmer on the effects of imprisonment. The twelve selections are rather extensive in order to convey the main ideas, display the logical and empirical foundations of the works, and allow for critical thinking on the fundamental issues.Criminal Justice Masterworks was developed primarily for use in a capstone seminar for college undergraduates majoring in criminal justice studies. It is also useful as a brief survey of great writings in criminal justice for any advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate student or criminal justice professional. It is for students, teachers, and professionals who want to explore criminal justice ideas and practices at a greater depth.

Policing The Crisis

Author : Stuart Hall
ISBN : 9781137007216
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51. 50 MB
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This special 35th anniversary edition contains the original, unchanged text that inspired a generation, alongside two new chapters that explore the book's continued significance for today's readers. The Preface provides a brief retrospective account of the book's original structure, the rich ethnographic, intellectual and theoretical work that informed it, and the historical context in which it appeared. In the new Afterword, each of the authors takes up a specific theme from the original book and interrogates it in the light of current crises, perspectives and contexts.

Casualties Of Care

Author : Miriam I. Ticktin
ISBN : 9780520269040
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36. 73 MB
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Pt. 1. The context : politics and care -- pt. 2. On the ground : compassion and pathology -- pt. 3. Antipolitics : diseased citizens and a racialized postcolonial state.

And The Band Played On

Author : Randy Shilts
ISBN : 142993039X
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 13 MB
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Upon it's first publication twenty years ago, And The Band Played on was quickly recognized as a masterpiece of investigative reporting. An international bestseller, a nominee for the National Book Critics Circle Award, and made into a critically acclaimed movie, Shilts' expose revealed why AIDS was allowed to spread unchecked during the early 80's while the most trusted institutions ignored or denied the threat. One of the few true modern classics, it changed and framed how AIDS was discussed in the following years. Now republished in a special 20th Anniversary edition, And the Band Played On remains one of the essential books of our time.

Cop Knowledge

Author : Christopher P. Wilson
ISBN : 0226901327
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 8 MB
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Whether they appear in mystery novels or headline news stories, on prime-time TV or the silver screen, few figures have maintained such an extraordinary hold on the American cultural imagination as modern police officers. Why are we so fascinated with the police and their power? What relation do these pervasive media representations bear to the actual history of modern policing? Christopher P. Wilson explores these questions by examining narratives of police power in crime news, popular fiction, and film, showing how they both reflect and influence the real strategies of law enforcement on the beat, in the squad room, and in urban politics. He takes us from Theodore Roosevelt's year of reform with the 1890s NYPD to the rise of "community policing," from the classic "police procedural" film The Naked City to the bestselling novels of LAPD veteran Joseph Wambaugh. Wilson concludes by demonstrating the ways in which popular storytelling about police power has been intimately tied to the course of modern liberalism, and to the rising tide of neoconservatism today. "A thorough, brilliant blend that crosses disciplines."—Choice "[S]ophisticated, highly theoretical and ambitious. . . . Connects the history of policing to cultural representations of crime, criminals and cops."—Times Literary Supplement "[A] deeply satisfying approach to the crime narrative. . . . [Wilson] focuses, ultimately, on the role of police power in cultural storytelling."—American Quarterly

Political Order In Changing Societies

Author : Samuel P. Huntington
ISBN : 0300116209
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 45 MB
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This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.

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