the pku paradox johns hopkins biographies of disease

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The Pku Paradox

Author : Diane B. Paul
ISBN : 9781421411323
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74. 32 MB
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In a lifetime of practice, most physicians will never encounter a single case of PKU. Yet every physician in the industrialized world learns about the disease in medical school and, since the early 1960s, the newborn heel stick test for PKU has been mandatory in many countries. Diane B. Paul and Jeffrey P. Brosco’s beautifully written book explains this paradox. PKU (phenylketonuria) is a genetic disorder that causes severe cognitive impairment if it is not detected and treated with a strict and difficult diet. Programs to detect PKU and start treatment early are deservedly considered a public health success story. Some have traded on this success to urge expanded newborn screening, defend basic research in genetics, and confront proponents of genetic determinism. In this context, treatment for PKU is typically represented as a simple matter of adhering to a low-phenylalanine diet. In reality, the challenges of living with PKU are daunting. In this first general history of PKU, a historian and a pediatrician explore how a rare genetic disease became the object of an unprecedented system for routine testing. The PKU Paradox is informed by interviews with scientists, clinicians, policymakers, and individuals who live with the disease. The questions it raises touch on ongoing controversies about newborn screening and what happens to blood samples collected at birth. -- M. Susan Lindee, University of Pennsylvania

Philosophy Of Molecular Medicine

Author : Giovanni Boniolo
ISBN : 9781317378358
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36. 34 MB
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Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Theory and Practice aims at a systematic investigation of a number of foundational issues in the field of molecular medicine. The volume is organized around four broad modules focusing, respectively, on the following key aspects: What are the nature, scope, and limits of molecular medicine? How does it provide explanations? How does it represent and model phenomena of interest? How does it infer new knowledge from data and experiments? The essays collected here, authored by prominent scientists and philosophers of science, focus on a handful of mainstream topics in the philosophical literature, such as causation, explanation, modeling, and scientific inference. These previously unpublished contributions shed new light on these traditional topics by integrating them with problems, methods, and results from three prominent areas of contemporary biomedical science: basic research, translational and clinical research, and clinical practice.

Ptsd

Author : Allan V. Horwitz
ISBN : 9781421426402
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 97 MB
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Post-traumatic stress disorder?and its predecessor diagnoses, including soldier’s heart, railroad spine, and shell shock?was recognized as a psychiatric disorder in the latter part of the nineteenth century. The psychic impacts of train crashes, wars, and sexual shocks among children first drew psychiatric attention. Later, enormous numbers of soldiers suffering from battlefield traumas returned from the world wars. It was not until the 1980s that PTSD became a formal diagnosis, in part to recognize the intense psychic suffering of Vietnam War veterans and women with trauma-related personality disorders. PTSD now occupies a dominant place in not only the mental health professions but also major social institutions and mainstream culture, making it the signature mental disorder of the early twenty-first century. In PTSD, Allan V. Horwitz traces the fluctuations in definitions of and responses to traumatic psychic conditions. Arguing that PTSD, perhaps more than any other diagnostic category, is a lens for showing major historical changes in conceptions of mental illness, he surveys the conditions most likely to produce traumas, the results of those traumas, and how to evaluate the claims of trauma victims. Illuminating a number of central issues about psychic disturbances more generally?including the relative importance of external stressors and internal vulnerabilities in causing mental illness, the benefits and costs of mental illness labels, and the influence of gender on expressions of mental disturbance?PTSD is a compact yet comprehensive survey. The book will appeal to diverse audiences, including the educated public, students across the psychological and social sciences, and trauma victims who are interested in socio-historical approaches to their condition. Praise for Allan V. Horwitz’s Anxiety: A Short History "The definitive overview of the history of anxiety."?Bulletin of the History of Medicine "A lucid, erudite and brisk intellectual history driven by a clear and persuasive central argument."?Social History of Medicine "An enlightening tour of anxiety, set at a sensible pace, with an exceptional scholar and writer leading the way."?Library Journal

Epidemiologie

Author : Leon Gordis
ISBN : 3932091639
Genre : Epidemiology
File Size : 39. 4 MB
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Rzte Als Hitlers Helfer

Author : Michael H. Kater
ISBN : 3492234070
Genre : National socialism and medicine
File Size : 67. 95 MB
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Der Falsch Vermessene Mensch

Author : GOULD
ISBN : 9783034867726
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 33. 75 MB
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Ignaz Semmelweis

Author : Sherwin B. Nuland
ISBN : 3492048250
Genre :
File Size : 22. 10 MB
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Psychiatrie Der Gegenwart 5

Author : H. Helmchen
ISBN : 9783642596261
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 86 MB
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Die 4. Auflage der Psychiatrie der Gegenwart ist völlig neu konzipiert; sie umfaßt jetzt 6 Bände. Beibehalten hat man den editorischen Leitgedanken, der auch die Vorauflagen prägte: Nicht enzyklopädische Vollständigkeit, sondern der aktuelle Erfahrungsstand der Psychiatrie wird - paradigmatisch - vermittelt. Das Werk bringt zu jedem Thema eine Übersicht des wissenschaftlich gesicherten Wissens, dessen Anwendung in der Praxis sowie Brennpunkte, Entwicklungstrends, Zukunftsperspektiven des Fachs. Wesentliche Akzentsetzungen der 4. Auflage sind die internationale Vielfalt der Beiträge, die Gewichtung von "Migration, Postraumatischer Belastungsstörung - allgemein: Spezifischen Lebenssituationen", die Integration neuer Erkenntnisse etwa in der Molekularbiologie, im Bereich bildgebender Verfahren oder in der Neuropsychologie. Neu und leserfreundlich ist das zweifarbige, mit Mariginalienspalte versehene Innenlayout.

Governance Im 21 Jahrhundert

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9264589368
Genre :
File Size : 73. 2 MB
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Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Der Arzt Sein Patient Und Die Krankheit

Author : Michael Balint
ISBN : 3608946705
Genre :
File Size : 83. 98 MB
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